African Countries by population (2018)

Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, list of countries, and projected figures.

# Country (or dependency) Population
(2018)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Nigeria 195,875,237 2.61 % 4,988,926 215 910,770 -60,000 5.7 18 49 % 2.57 %
2 Ethiopia 107,534,882 2.46 % 2,577,444 108 1,000,000 -12,000 4.6 19 20 % 1.41 %
3 Egypt 99,375,741 1.87 % 1,822,590 100 995,450 -55,005 3.4 25 38 % 1.30 %
4 DR Congo 84,004,989 3.28 % 2,665,001 37 2,267,050 3,012 6.4 17 39 % 1.10 %
5 Tanzania 59,091,392 3.11 % 1,781,373 67 885,800 -40,000 5.2 17 31 % 0.77 %
6 South Africa 57,398,421 1.20 % 681,265 47 1,213,090 161,300 2.6 26 62 % 0.75 %
7 Kenya 50,950,879 2.52 % 1,251,017 90 569,140 -10,000 4.1 19 26 % 0.67 %
8 Uganda 44,270,563 3.28 % 1,407,605 222 199,810 -30,000 5.9 16 16 % 0.58 %
9 Algeria 42,008,054 1.67 % 689,912 18 2,381,740 -28,654 3.0 28 72 % 0.55 %
10 Sudan 41,511,526 2.41 % 978,196 24 1,765,048 -117,877 4.8 19 34 % 0.54 %
11 Morocco 36,191,805 1.27 % 452,225 81 446,300 -61,422 2.6 28 59 % 0.47 %
12 Angola 30,774,205 3.32 % 990,012 25 1,246,700 17,464 6.0 16 36 % 0.40 %
13 Mozambique 30,528,673 2.90 % 859,839 39 786,380 -5,000 5.5 17 31 % 0.40 %
14 Ghana 29,463,643 2.18 % 630,014 129 227,540 -10,000 4.2 20 53 % 0.39 %
15 Madagascar 26,262,810 2.71 % 691,915 45 581,795 -1,500 4.4 19 35 % 0.34 %
16 Côte d'Ivoire 24,905,843 2.52 % 611,093 78 318,000 12,000 5.1 18 50 % 0.33 %
17 Cameroon 24,678,234 2.60 % 624,507 52 472,710 -7,200 5.0 18 55 % 0.32 %
18 Niger 22,311,375 3.88 % 834,027 18 1,266,700 -5,699 7.4 15 18 % 0.29 %
19 Burkina Faso 19,751,651 2.91 % 558,269 72 273,600 -25,000 5.6 17 30 % 0.26 %
20 Malawi 19,164,728 2.91 % 542,624 203 94,280 -6,000 4.9 17 16 % 0.25 %
21 Mali 19,107,706 3.05 % 565,726 16 1,220,190 -60,490 6.4 16 38 % 0.25 %
22 Zambia 17,609,178 3.01 % 515,048 24 743,390 -6,898 5.2 17 39 % 0.23 %
23 Zimbabwe 16,913,261 2.32 % 383,357 44 386,850 -50,000 4.0 19 30 % 0.22 %
24 Senegal 16,294,270 2.80 % 443,703 85 192,530 -19,999 5.0 18 43 % 0.21 %
25 Chad 15,353,184 3.04 % 453,190 12 1,259,200 20,000 6.3 16 21 % 0.20 %
26 Somalia 15,181,925 2.98 % 439,402 24 627,340 -45,374 6.6 17 31 % 0.20 %
27 Guinea 13,052,608 2.64 % 335,432 53 245,720 -50,000 5.1 18 38 % 0.17 %
28 South Sudan 12,919,053 2.73 % 343,339 21 610,952 85,000 5.2 19 19 % 0.17 %
29 Rwanda 12,501,156 2.40 % 292,749 507 24,670 -15,820 4.2 19 32 % 0.16 %
30 Tunisia 11,659,174 1.10 % 127,047 75 155,360 -13,193 2.3 31 66 % 0.15 %
31 Benin 11,485,674 2.77 % 309,982 102 112,760 -8,454 5.2 18 45 % 0.15 %
32 Burundi 11,216,450 3.24 % 352,205 437 25,680 -14,000 6.0 18 13 % 0.15 %
33 Togo 7,990,926 2.48 % 193,232 147 54,390 -1,999 4.7 19 39 % 0.10 %
34 Sierra Leone 7,719,729 2.15 % 162,517 107 72,180 -4,200 4.8 18 35 % 0.10 %
35 Libya 6,470,956 1.51 % 96,340 4 1,759,540 -86,681 2.4 27 79 % 0.08 %
36 Congo 5,399,895 2.64 % 139,145 16 341,500 -12,000 4.9 19 60 % 0.07 %
37 Eritrea 5,187,948 2.35 % 119,117 51 101,000 -32,000 4.4 19 32 % 0.07 %
38 Liberia 4,853,516 2.57 % 121,610 50 96,320 -4,000 4.8 19 49 % 0.06 %
39 Central African Republic 4,737,423 1.68 % 78,343 8 622,980 -79,226 5.1 18 43 % 0.06 %
40 Mauritania 4,540,068 2.71 % 119,884 4 1,030,700 8,000 4.9 20 57 % 0.06 %
41 Namibia 2,587,801 2.13 % 54,007 3 823,290 -274 3.6 21 47 % 0.03 %
42 Botswana 2,333,201 1.81 % 41,540 4 566,730 3,000 2.9 24 52 % 0.03 %
43 Lesotho 2,263,010 1.33 % 29,671 75 30,360 -5,000 3.3 21 27 % 0.03 %
44 Gambia 2,163,765 3.01 % 63,197 214 10,120 -2,695 5.6 17 59 % 0.03 %
45 Gabon 2,067,561 2.09 % 42,424 8 257,670 17,088 4.0 23 78 % 0.03 %
46 Guinea-Bissau 1,907,268 2.47 % 45,985 68 28,120 -2,001 4.9 19 50 % 0.02 %
47 Swaziland 1,391,385 1.76 % 24,131 81 17,200 -1,200 3.3 20 20 % 0.02 %
48 Equatorial Guinea 1,313,894 3.64 % 46,205 47 28,050 18,000 5.0 22 26 % 0.02 %
49 Mauritius 1,268,315 0.25 % 3,177 625 2,030 -2,416 1.5 36 39 % 0.02 %
50 Djibouti 971,408 1.51 % 14,423 42 23,180 1,200 3.1 24 74 % 0.01 %
51 Réunion 883,247 0.76 % 6,685 353 2,500 -2,828 2.4 35 99 % 0.01 %
52 Comoros 832,347 2.26 % 18,435 447 1,861 -2,000 4.6 20 28 % 0.01 %
53 Western Sahara 567,421 2.68 % 14,793 2 266,000 572 2.6 27 92 % 0.01 %
54 Cabo Verde 553,335 1.27 % 6,947 137 4,030 -2,210 2.5 24 62 % 0.01 %
55 Mayotte 259,682 2.62 % 6,637 692 375 -300 4.1 19 44 % 0.00 %
56 Sao Tome & Principe 208,818 2.20 % 4,491 218 960 -1,120 4.7 18 67 % 0.00 %
57 Seychelles 95,235 0.53 % 498 207 460 -440 2.4 35 54 % 0.00 %
58 Saint Helena 4,074 0.62 % 25 10 390 N.A. N.A. 40 % 0.00 %

Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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