African Countries by population (2017)

Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, list of countries, and projected figures.

#Country (or dependency)Population
(2017)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Nigeria 191,835,936 2.59 % 4,848,373 211 910,902 -60,000 5.74 18 47.8 % 2.6 %
2 Ethiopia 104,344,901 2.45 % 2,491,633 104 1,000,430 -12,000 4.59 19 19.4 % 1.4 %
3 Egypt 95,215,102 1.96 % 1,831,528 96 994,933 -43,136 3.38 25 39 % 1.3 %
4 DR Congo 82,242,685 3.16 % 2,520,061 36 2,265,639 -19,184 6.15 17 38.3 % 1.1 %
5 Tanzania 56,877,529 3.12 % 1,722,056 64 885,943 -40,000 5.24 17 30.6 % 0.8 %
6 South Africa 55,436,360 0.83 % 457,453 46 1,213,049 120,000 2.4 26 63.4 % 0.7 %
7 Kenya 48,466,928 2.57 % 1,215,479 85 568,861 -10,000 4.44 19 25.8 % 0.6 %
8 Sudan 42,166,323 2.41 % 990,782 24 1,764,281 -160,000 4.46 19 32.7 % 0.6 %
9 Uganda 41,652,938 3.3 % 1,330,170 209 199,774 -30,000 5.91 16 16.4 % 0.6 %
10 Algeria 41,063,753 1.7 % 687,799 17 2,387,428 -28,654 2.93 28 71.7 % 0.5 %
11 Morocco 35,241,418 1.22 % 424,353 79 446,094 -62,125 2.56 28 59.2 % 0.5 %
12 Mozambique 29,537,914 2.74 % 786,552 38 785,583 -5,000 5.45 17 30.6 % 0.4 %
13 Ghana 28,656,723 2.22 % 623,348 126 227,615 -10,000 4.25 21 52.5 % 0.4 %
14 Angola 26,655,513 3.19 % 824,555 21 1,245,585 20,464 6.2 16 39.5 % 0.4 %
15 Madagascar 25,612,972 2.8 % 697,150 44 582,113 -1,000 4.5 19 34.8 % 0.3 %
16 Cameroon 24,513,689 2.46 % 589,282 52 472,325 -12,000 4.81 19 53.7 % 0.3 %
17 Côte d'Ivoire 23,815,886 2.42 % 561,702 75 317,969 10,000 5.1 18 50.2 % 0.3 %
18 Niger 21,563,607 4.1 % 848,322 17 1,268,447 -5,699 7.63 15 17.7 % 0.3 %
19 Burkina Faso 19,173,322 2.9 % 539,597 70 273,514 -25,000 5.65 17 29.5 % 0.3 %
20 Mali 18,689,966 3.06 % 555,131 15 1,221,566 -60,490 6.35 16 36.5 % 0.2 %
21 Malawi 18,298,679 3.09 % 548,853 194 94,274 -6,000 5.25 17 16 % 0.2 %
22 Zambia 17,237,931 3.11 % 520,599 23 743,014 -6,898 5.45 17 38.5 % 0.2 %
23 Zimbabwe 16,337,760 2.32 % 370,950 42 387,151 -43,984 4.02 19 30.6 % 0.2 %
24 Senegal 16,054,275 2.98 % 464,790 83 192,497 -19,999 5.18 18 42.2 % 0.2 %
25 Chad 14,965,482 3.23 % 468,743 12 1,257,604 20,000 6.31 16 21.2 % 0.2 %
26 Guinea 13,290,659 2.65 % 343,537 54 245,668 -2,000 5.13 19 35.9 % 0.2 %
27 South Sudan 13,096,190 2.85 % 362,763 21 611,971 173,000 5.15 19 18.2 % 0.2 %
28 Rwanda 12,159,586 2.33 % 276,820 493 24,669 -15,000 4.05 19 31.2 % 0.2 %
29 Burundi 11,936,481 3.32 % 383,920 465 25,681 8,000 6.08 18 11.5 % 0.2 %
30 Tunisia 11,494,760 1.05 % 119,540 74 155,335 -6,588 2.16 31 66.2 % 0.2 %
31 Benin 11,458,611 2.61 % 291,953 102 112,782 -2,000 4.89 19 43.3 % 0.2 %
32 Somalia 11,391,962 2.82 % 312,949 18 625,932 -80,000 6.61 17 40.2 % 0.2 %
33 Togo 7,691,915 2.6 % 195,082 141 54,398 -1,999 4.69 19 38.7 % 0.1 %
34 Sierra Leone 6,732,899 2.14 % 140,797 93 72,164 -4,200 4.79 19 38.5 % 0.1 %
35 Libya 6,408,742 1.24 % 78,583 4 1,780,206 -100,338 2.53 28 78.6 % 0.1 %
36 Eritrea 5,481,906 2.43 % 130,226 54 100,956 -32,000 4.4 19 29.2 % 0.1 %
37 Central African Republic 5,098,826 2.01 % 100,333 8 621,808 2,000 4.41 20 38.7 % 0.1 %
38 Congo 4,866,243 2.64 % 125,251 14 342,693 -12,000 4.95 19 64.7 % 0.1 %
39 Liberia 4,730,437 2.5 % 115,215 49 96,343 -4,000 4.83 19 48.9 % 0.1 %
40 Mauritania 4,266,448 2.4 % 99,985 4 1,040,597 -4,000 4.69 20 59.2 % 0.1 %
41 Namibia 2,568,569 2.17 % 54,588 3 828,571 -274 3.6 21 45.2 % 0 %
42 Botswana 2,343,981 1.74 % 40,161 4 571,703 4,000 2.9 24 51.1 % 0 %
43 Lesotho 2,185,159 1.15 % 24,850 72 30,349 -4,000 3.26 21 27.3 % 0 %
44 Gambia 2,120,418 3.18 % 65,432 210 10,121 -2,695 5.78 17 57.7 % 0 %
45 Guinea-Bissau 1,932,871 2.35 % 44,442 69 28,135 -2,000 4.95 19 47.4 % 0 %
46 Gabon 1,801,232 2.16 % 38,090 7 257,319 1,000 4 21 86.9 % 0 %
47 Swaziland 1,320,356 1.25 % 16,293 77 17,192 -1,200 3.36 21 21 % 0 %
48 Mauritius 1,281,353 0.3 % 3,894 631 2,030 0 1.5 35 38.8 % 0 %
49 Djibouti 911,382 1.31 % 11,784 39 23,190 -3,199 3.3 24 77.6 % 0 %
50 Equatorial Guinea 894,464 2.86 % 24,877 32 28,040 4,000 4.97 21 36.8 % 0 %
51 Réunion 873,356 0.71 % 6,142 349 2,500 -2,512 2.24 34 98.6 % 0 %
52 Comoros 825,920 2.33 % 18,802 444 1,861 -2,000 4.6 20 27.1 % 0 %
53 Western Sahara 596,021 2.02 % 11,815 2 270,919 4,752 2.2 29 84.7 % 0 %
54 Cabo Verde 533,468 1.23 % 6,475 132 4,029 -2,210 2.37 25 63.6 % 0 %
55 Mayotte 253,068 2.67 % 6,572 675 375 -300 4.1 19 44.2 % 0 %
56 Sao Tome and Principe 198,481 2.1 % 4,091 207 960 -1,120 4.67 19 68.7 % 0 %
57 Seychelles 97,539 0.53 % 513 212 460 -310 2.33 33 52.4 % 0 %
58 Saint Helena 3,970 0.35 % 14 10 389 N.A. N.A. 41.2 % 0 %

Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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