China Population (LIVE)

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China Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of China is 1,436,252,999 as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • China 2019 population is estimated at 1,433,783,686 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • China population is equivalent to 18.59% of the total world population.
  • China ranks number 1 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in China is 153 per Km2 (396 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 9,388,211 Km2 (3,624,807 sq. miles)
  • 59.7 % of the population is urban (856,409,297 people in 2019)
  • The median age in China is 37.0 years.

Population of China (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationChina
Global Rank
2019 1,433,783,686 0.43 % 6,135,900 -348,399 37.0 1.65 153 59.7 % 856,409,297 18.59 % 7,713,468,100 1
2018 1,427,647,786 0.47 % 6,625,995 -348,399 37.0 1.65 152 58.6 % 837,022,095 18.71 % 7,631,091,040 1
2017 1,421,021,791 0.49 % 6,972,440 -348,399 37.0 1.65 151 57.5 % 816,957,613 18.83 % 7,547,858,925 1
2016 1,414,049,351 0.51 % 7,201,481 -348,399 37.0 1.65 151 56.3 % 796,289,491 18.94 % 7,464,022,049 1
2015 1,406,847,870 0.55 % 7,607,451 -310,442 36.7 1.64 150 55.1 % 775,352,918 19.06 % 7,379,797,139 1
2010 1,368,810,615 0.57 % 7,606,847 -435,677 35.0 1.62 146 48.9 % 669,353,557 19.68 % 6,956,823,603 1
2005 1,330,776,380 0.62 % 8,045,123 -393,116 32.6 1.61 142 42.2 % 561,983,323 20.34 % 6,541,907,027 1
2000 1,290,550,765 0.79 % 9,926,046-76,600 30.0 1.62 137 35.7 % 460,377,048 21.01 % 6,143,493,823 1
1995 1,240,920,535 1.07 % 12,807,372 -155,996 27.4 1.83 132 30.9 % 383,901,711 21.60 % 5,744,212,979 1
1990 1,176,883,674 1.82 % 20,258,863 -86,330 24.9 2.73 125 26.3 % 310,022,147 22.09 % 5,327,231,061 1
1985 1,075,589,361 1.47 % 15,100,025 -40,000 23.5 2.52 115 22.8 % 244,946,241 22.08 % 4,870,921,740 1
1980 1,000,089,235 1.55 % 14,769,670 -9,401 21.9 3.01 107 19.2 % 192,392,094 22.43 % 4,458,003,514 1
1975 926,240,885 2.28 % 19,727,898 -221,096 20.3 4.85 99 17.3 % 160,244,444 22.70 % 4,079,480,606 1
1970 827,601,394 2.70 % 20,676,485 -32,000 19.3 6.30 88 17.3 % 143,513,192 22.36 % 3,700,437,046 1
1965 724,218,968 1.86 % 12,762,182 -225,145 19.8 6.15 77 18.0 % 130,684,595 21.69 % 3,339,583,597 1
1960 660,408,056 1.53 % 9,633,300 -11,900 21.3 5.48 70 16.1 % 106,561,743 21.76 % 3,034,949,748 1
1955 612,241,554 2.00 % 11,564,456 -51,205 22.2 6.11 65 13.8 % 84,639,825 22.08 % 2,773,019,936 1
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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China Population Forecast

-310,079
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationChina
Global Rank
2020 1,439,323,776 0.46 % 6,495,181 -348,399 38.4 1.69 153 60.8 % 875,075,919 18.47 % 7,794,798,739 1
2025 1,457,908,249 0.26 % 3,716,895 -371,264 40.2 1.69 155 65.6 % 956,553,854 17.81 % 8,184,437,460 1
2030 1,464,340,159 0.09 % 1,286,382 -352,100 42.6 1.69 156 69.5 % 1,017,847,445 17.13 % 8,548,487,400 2
2035 1,461,083,029 -0.04 % -651,426 -311,798 45.0 1.69 156 72.5 % 1,059,618,626 16.44 % 8,887,524,213 2
2040 1,449,031,423 -0.17 % -2,410,321 -311,801 46.3 1.69 154 74.8 % 1,083,464,035 15.75 % 9,198,847,240 2
2045 1,429,312,248 -0.27 % -3,943,835 -311,081 47.2 1.69 152 76.4 % 1,092,037,409 15.07 % 9,481,803,274 2
2050 1,402,405,170 -0.38 % -5,381,416   47.6 1.69 149 77.9 % 1,091,948,003 14.41 % 9,735,033,990 2
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

China Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of China
Life Expectancy
77.47 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
8.4
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
9.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
738,247,340 51.29% 701,076,434 48.71% 1,439,323,776 1.05

Population Pyramid for China (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 136,126,399 53.40% 118,803,972 46.60% 254,930,371 17.71%
15-24 90,376,987 53.32% 79,123,039 46.68% 169,500,026 11.78%
25-54 342,122,306 51.34% 324,254,267 48.66% 666,376,573 46.30%
55-64 88,875,330 50.42% 87,379,300 49.58% 176,254,630 12.25%
65+ 80,746,318 46.87% 91,515,856 53.13% 172,262,174 11.97%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 254,930,371 17.71% 25.2
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 1,012,131,229 70.32% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 172,262,174 11.97% 17.0
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
427,192,545 29.68% 42.2

Main Cities by Population in China

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Shanghai 22,315,474
2 Beijing 11,716,620
3 Tianjin 11,090,314
4 Guangzhou 11,071,424
5 Shenzhen 10,358,381
6 Wuhan 9,785,388
7 Dongguan 8,000,000
8 Chongqing 7,457,600
9 Chengdu 7,415,590
10 Nanjing 7,165,292
11 Nanchong 7,150,000
12 Xi'an 6,501,190
13 Shenyang 6,255,921
14 Hangzhou 6,241,971
15 Harbin 5,878,939
16 Tai'an 5,499,000
17 Suzhou 5,345,961
18 Shantou 5,329,024
19 Jinan 4,335,989
20 Zhengzhou 4,253,913
21 Changchun 4,193,073
22 Dalian 4,087,733
23 Kunming 3,855,346
24 Qingdao 3,718,835
25 Foshan 3,600,000
26 Puyang 3,590,000
27 Wuxi 3,543,719
28 Xiamen 3,531,347
29 Tianshui 3,500,000
30 Ningbo 3,491,597
31 Shiyan 3,460,000
32 Taiyuan 3,426,519
33 Tangshan 3,372,102
34 Hefei 3,310,268
35 Zibo 3,129,228
36 Zhongshan 3,121,275
37 Changsha 3,093,980
38 Urumqi 3,029,372
39 Shijiazhuang 2,834,942
40 Lanzhou 2,628,426
41 Yunfu 2,612,800
42 Nanchang 2,357,839
43 Dadonghai 2,000,000
44 Ordos 1,940,653
45 Jilin 1,881,977
46 Bayan Nur 1,760,000
47 Kunshan 1,600,000
48 Xinyang 1,590,668
49 Fushun 1,400,646
50 Luoyang 1,390,581
51 Guankou 1,380,000
52 Handan 1,358,318
53 Baotou 1,301,768
54 Xuchang 1,265,536
55 Yueyang 1,200,000
56 Anshan 1,199,275
57 Tongshan 1,199,193
58 Fuzhou 1,179,720
59 Guiyang 1,171,633
60 Lijiang 1,137,600
61 Datong 1,052,678
62 Changshu City 1,047,700
63 Xianyang 1,034,081
64 Huainan 1,027,655
65 Jieyang 1,001,985
66 Zhu Cheng City 1,000,000
67 Baoding 995,652
68 Benxi 987,717
69 Changzhou 949,018
70 Huaibei 903,039

See also

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Notes

The China Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of China delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of China (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by China in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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