Japan Population (LIVE)

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Japan Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Japan is 122,755,334 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Japan 2023 population is estimated at 123,294,513 people at mid year.
  • Japan population is equivalent to 1.53% of the total world population.
  • Japan ranks number 12 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Japan is 338 per Km2 (876 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 364,555 Km2 (140,755 sq. miles)
  • 93.5 % of the population is urban (115,292,289 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Japan is 49.1 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Japan (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationJapan
Global Rank
2024 122,631,432 -0.54 % -663,081 99,994 49.5 1.33 336 93.8 % 114,979,260 1.51 % 8,118,835,999 12
2023 123,294,513 -0.53 % -657,179 99,994 49.1 1.32 338 93.5 % 115,292,289 1.53 % 8,045,311,447 12
2022 123,951,692 -0.53 % -660,838 99,994 48.7 1.31 340 93.2 % 115,583,843 1.55 % 7,975,105,156 11
2020 125,244,761 -0.43 % -546,916 87,584 48.0 1.29 344 92.7 % 116,099,672 1.60 % 7,840,952,880 11
2015 127,250,933 -0.13 % -170,900 150,215 45.9 1.44 349 91.9 % 116,944,428 1.71 % 7,426,597,537 10
2010 128,105,431 0.05 % 61,412 148,460 44.2 1.39 351 91.1 % 116,741,034 1.83 % 6,985,603,105 10
2005 127,798,373 0.16 % 198,902 153,248 42.4 1.27 351 86.3 % 110,340,709 1.95 % 6,558,176,119 10
2000 126,803,861 0.22 % 273,97884,477 40.7 1.37 348 79.1 % 100,303,716 2.06 % 6,148,898,975 9
1995 125,433,969 0.28 % 349,530 38,572 39.0 1.42 344 78.6 % 98,593,178 2.18 % 5,743,219,454 8
1990 123,686,321 0.42 % 513,458 26,291 36.9 1.53 339 77.9 % 96,298,507 2.33 % 5,316,175,862 7
1985 121,119,031 0.59 % 698,967 -8,228 34.5 1.74 332 77.2 % 93,507,944 2.49 % 4,861,730,613 7
1980 117,624,196 0.91 % 1,042,511 -30,594 31.6 1.75 323 76.3 % 89,755,553 2.65 % 4,444,007,706 7
1975 112,411,640 1.29 % 1,398,960 22,942 29.8 1.94 308 75.7 % 85,121,987 2.76 % 4,069,437,231 6
1970 105,416,839 1.17 % 1,189,619 124,197 28.2 2.09 289 71.5 % 75,417,163 2.85 % 3,695,390,336 6
1965 99,468,746 1.04 % 1,000,781 49,763 26.6 2.14 273 67.2 % 66,812,422 2.98 % 3,337,111,983 5
1960 94,464,839 0.95 % 874,912 -46,245 24.8 2.02 259 62.7 % 59,269,408 3.13 % 3,019,233,434 5
1955 90,090,281 1.32 % 1,147,446 -72,784 22.8 2.38 247 57.7 % 52,005,319 3.28 % 2,746,072,141 5
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Japan Population Forecast

99,994
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationJapan
Global Rank
2025 121,960,408 -0.53 % -656,871 99,994 49.9 1.33 335 94.0 % 114,645,589 1.49 % 8,191,988,453 12
2030 118,514,802 -0.57 % -689,121 99,994 51.5 1.37 325 95.1 % 112,710,068 1.39 % 8,546,141,327 15
2035 114,907,058 -0.62 % -721,549 99,994 52.5 1.40 315 96.1 % 110,450,118 1.29 % 8,879,397,401 15
2040 111,157,201 -0.66 % -749,971 99,994 53.0 1.43 305 97.1 % 107,981,843 1.21 % 9,188,250,492 15
2045 107,412,293 -0.68 % -748,982 99,994 53.3 1.45 295 98.2 % 105,471,938 1.13 % 9,467,543,575 16
2050 103,784,357 -0.68 % -725,587   53.6 1.47 285 99.3 % 103,038,909 1.07 % 9,709,491,761 17
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Japan Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Japan
Life Expectancy
84.95 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
1.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
2.3
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Japan

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Tokyo 8,336,599
2 Yokohama 3,574,443
3 Osaka 2,592,413
4 Nagoya 2,191,279
5 Sapporo 1,883,027
6 Kobe 1,528,478
7 Kyoto 1,459,640
8 Fukuoka 1,392,289
9 Kawasaki 1,306,785
10 Saitama 1,193,350
11 Hiroshima 1,143,841
12 Yono 1,077,730
13 Sendai 1,063,103
14 Kitakyushu 997,536
15 Chiba 919,729
16 Sakai 782,339
17 Shizuoka 701,561
18 Kumamoto 680,423
19 Okayama 639,652
20 Hamamatsu 605,098
21 Hachioji 579,399
22 Honcho 560,743
23 Kagoshima 555,352
24 Niigata 505,272
25 Himeji 481,493
26 Matsudo 470,277
27 Nishinomiya-hama 468,925
28 Kawaguchi 468,565
29 Kanazawa 458,937
30 Utsunomiya 449,865
31 Oita 448,907
32 Matsuyama 443,322
33 Amagasaki 442,173
34 Kurashiki 437,581
35 Yokosuka 428,992
36 Nagasaki 410,204
37 Hirakata 406,331
38 Machida 399,969
39 Gifu-shi 397,714
40 Fujisawa 394,624
41 Toyonaka 384,459
42 Fukuyama 383,298
43 Toyohashi 378,374
44 Minato 375,339
45 Nara-shi 367,353
46 Toyota 362,383
47 Nagano 360,176
48 Iwaki 357,309
49 Asahikawa 356,612
50 Takatsuki 354,468
51 Okazaki 352,361
52 Suita 351,630
53 Wakayama 351,000
54 Koriyama 340,560
55 Kashiwa 340,221
56 Tokorozawa 339,435
57 Kawagoe 337,931
58 Kochi 335,570
59 Takamatsu 334,223
60 Toyama 325,532
61 Akita 320,069
62 Koshigaya 317,437
63 Miyazaki 311,203
64 Naha 300,795
65 Kasugai 298,589
66 Aomori 298,394
67 Otsu 298,164
68 Akashi 297,279
69 Yokkaichi 295,841
70 Morioka 295,172

See also

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Notes

The Japan Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Japan delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Japan (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Japan in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.