Countries in Europe:

44

There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics).

Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are:

  • Dependencies (or dependent territories, dependent areas) or Areas of Special Sovereignty (autonomous territories)
#CountryPopulation
(2018)
Subregion
1 Russia 143,964,709 Eastern Europe
2 Germany 82,293,457 Western Europe
3 U.K. 66,573,504 Northern Europe
4 France 65,233,271 Western Europe
5 Italy 59,290,969 Southern Europe
6 Spain 46,397,452 Southern Europe
7 Ukraine 44,009,214 Eastern Europe
8 Poland 38,104,832 Eastern Europe
9 Romania 19,580,634 Eastern Europe
10 Netherlands 17,084,459 Western Europe
11 Belgium 11,498,519 Western Europe
12 Greece 11,142,161 Southern Europe
13 Czech Republic 10,625,250 Eastern Europe
14 Portugal 10,291,196 Southern Europe
15 Sweden 9,982,709 Northern Europe
16 Hungary 9,688,847 Eastern Europe
17 Belarus 9,452,113 Eastern Europe
18 Serbia 8,762,027 Southern Europe
19 Austria 8,751,820 Western Europe
20 Switzerland 8,544,034 Western Europe
21 Bulgaria 7,036,848 Eastern Europe
22 Denmark 5,754,356 Northern Europe
23 Finland 5,542,517 Northern Europe
24 Slovakia 5,449,816 Eastern Europe
25 Norway 5,353,363 Northern Europe
26 Ireland 4,803,748 Northern Europe
27 Croatia 4,164,783 Southern Europe
28 Moldova 4,041,065 Eastern Europe
29 Bosnia & Herzegovina 3,503,554 Southern Europe
30 Albania 2,934,363 Southern Europe
31 Lithuania 2,876,475 Northern Europe
32 TFYR Macedonia 2,085,051 Southern Europe
33 Slovenia 2,081,260 Southern Europe
34 Latvia 1,929,938 Northern Europe
35 Estonia 1,306,788 Northern Europe
36 Montenegro 629,219 Southern Europe
37 Luxembourg 590,321 Western Europe
38 Malta 432,089 Southern Europe
39 Iceland 337,780 Northern Europe
40 Andorra 76,953 Southern Europe
41 Monaco 38,897 Western Europe
42 Liechtenstein 38,155 Western Europe
43 San Marino 33,557 Southern Europe
44 Holy See 801 Southern Europe

Dependencies or other territories

#TerritoryPopulation
(2018)
Dependency of
1 Channel Islands 166,083 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 84,831 U.K.
3 Faeroe Islands 49,489 Denmark
4 Gibraltar 34,733 U.K.
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