Countries in Europe:

44

There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics).

Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are:

  • Dependencies (or dependent territories, dependent areas) or Areas of Special Sovereignty (autonomous territories)
#CountryPopulation
(2017)
Subregion
1 Russia 143,989,754 Eastern Europe
2 Germany 82,114,224 Western Europe
3 U.K. 66,181,585 Northern Europe
4 France 64,979,548 Western Europe
5 Italy 59,359,900 Southern Europe
6 Spain 46,354,321 Southern Europe
7 Ukraine 44,222,947 Eastern Europe
8 Poland 38,170,712 Eastern Europe
9 Romania 19,679,306 Eastern Europe
10 Netherlands 17,035,938 Western Europe
11 Belgium 11,429,336 Western Europe
12 Greece 11,159,773 Southern Europe
13 Czech Republic 10,618,303 Eastern Europe
14 Portugal 10,329,506 Southern Europe
15 Sweden 9,910,701 Northern Europe
16 Hungary 9,721,559 Eastern Europe
17 Belarus 9,468,338 Eastern Europe
18 Serbia 8,790,574 Southern Europe
19 Austria 8,735,453 Western Europe
20 Switzerland 8,476,005 Western Europe
21 Bulgaria 7,084,571 Eastern Europe
22 Denmark 5,733,551 Northern Europe
23 Finland 5,523,231 Northern Europe
24 Slovakia 5,447,662 Eastern Europe
25 Norway 5,305,383 Northern Europe
26 Ireland 4,761,657 Northern Europe
27 Croatia 4,189,353 Southern Europe
28 Moldova 4,051,212 Eastern Europe
29 Bosnia & Herzegovina 3,507,017 Southern Europe
30 Albania 2,930,187 Southern Europe
31 Lithuania 2,890,297 Northern Europe
32 TFYR Macedonia 2,083,160 Southern Europe
33 Slovenia 2,079,976 Southern Europe
34 Latvia 1,949,670 Northern Europe
35 Estonia 1,309,632 Northern Europe
36 Montenegro 628,960 Southern Europe
37 Luxembourg 583,455 Western Europe
38 Malta 430,835 Southern Europe
39 Iceland 335,025 Northern Europe
40 Andorra 76,965 Southern Europe
41 Monaco 38,695 Western Europe
42 Liechtenstein 37,922 Western Europe
43 San Marino 33,400 Southern Europe
44 Holy See 792 Southern Europe

Dependencies or other territories

#TerritoryPopulation
(2017)
Dependency of
1 Channel Islands 165,314 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 84,287 U.K.
3 Faeroe Islands 49,290 Denmark
4 Gibraltar 34,571 U.K.
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