Countries in Europe:

44

There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics).

Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are:

  • Dependencies (or dependent territories, dependent areas) or Areas of Special Sovereignty (autonomous territories)
#CountryPopulation
(2017)
Subregion
1 Russia 143,375,006 Eastern Europe
2 Germany 80,636,124 Western Europe
3 U.K. 65,511,098 Northern Europe
4 France 64,938,716 Western Europe
5 Italy 59,797,978 Southern Europe
6 Spain 46,070,146 Southern Europe
7 Ukraine 44,405,055 Eastern Europe
8 Poland 38,563,573 Eastern Europe
9 Romania 19,237,513 Eastern Europe
10 Netherlands 17,032,845 Western Europe
11 Belgium 11,443,830 Western Europe
12 Greece 10,892,931 Southern Europe
13 Czech Republic 10,555,130 Eastern Europe
14 Portugal 10,264,797 Southern Europe
15 Sweden 9,920,624 Northern Europe
16 Hungary 9,787,905 Eastern Europe
17 Belarus 9,458,535 Eastern Europe
18 Serbia 8,776,940 Southern Europe
19 Austria 8,592,400 Western Europe
20 Switzerland 8,454,083 Western Europe
21 Bulgaria 7,045,259 Eastern Europe
22 Denmark 5,711,837 Northern Europe
23 Finland 5,541,274 Northern Europe
24 Slovakia 5,432,157 Eastern Europe
25 Norway 5,330,800 Northern Europe
26 Ireland 4,749,153 Northern Europe
27 Croatia 4,209,815 Southern Europe
28 Moldova 4,054,640 Eastern Europe
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,792,759 Southern Europe
30 Albania 2,911,428 Southern Europe
31 Lithuania 2,830,582 Northern Europe
32 TFYR Macedonia 2,083,308 Southern Europe
33 Slovenia 2,071,252 Southern Europe
34 Latvia 1,944,565 Northern Europe
35 Estonia 1,305,755 Northern Europe
36 Montenegro 626,250 Southern Europe
37 Luxembourg 584,103 Western Europe
38 Malta 420,521 Southern Europe
39 Iceland 334,303 Northern Europe
40 Andorra 68,728 Southern Europe
41 Liechtenstein 38,022 Western Europe
42 Monaco 38,010 Western Europe
43 San Marino 32,104 Southern Europe
44 Holy See 801 Southern Europe

Dependencies or other territories

#TerritoryPopulation
(2017)
Dependency of
1 Channel Islands 165,235 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 89,045 U.K.
3 Faeroe Islands 48,335 Denmark
4 Gibraltar 32,472 U.K.
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