Countries in the EU by population (2018)

The European Union has 28 member countries. Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures.

# Country (or dependency) Population
(2018)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Germany 82,293,457 0.22 % 179,233 236 348,560 355,425 1.4 46 76 % 1.08 %
2 U.K. 66,573,504 0.59 % 391,919 275 241,930 198,000 1.9 40 81 % 0.87 %
3 France 65,233,271 0.39 % 253,723 119 547,557 72,344 2.0 41 80 % 0.85 %
4 Italy 59,290,969 -0.12 % -68,931 202 294,140 52,829 1.4 46 72 % 0.78 %
5 Spain 46,397,452 0.09 % 43,131 93 498,800 -114,000 1.3 43 82 % 0.61 %
6 Poland 38,104,832 -0.17 % -65,880 124 306,230 -14,799 1.3 40 61 % 0.50 %
7 Romania 19,580,634 -0.50 % -98,672 85 230,170 -59,999 1.5 41 60 % 0.26 %
8 Netherlands 17,084,459 0.28 % 48,521 507 33,720 12,537 1.7 42 91 % 0.22 %
9 Belgium 11,498,519 0.61 % 69,183 380 30,280 51,734 1.8 41 96 % 0.15 %
10 Greece 11,142,161 -0.16 % -17,612 86 128,900 -32,360 1.3 43 78 % 0.15 %
11 Czech Republic 10,625,250 0.07 % 6,947 138 77,240 11,999 1.5 41 74 % 0.14 %
12 Portugal 10,291,196 -0.37 % -38,310 112 91,590 -28,000 1.3 44 67 % 0.13 %
13 Sweden 9,982,709 0.73 % 72,008 24 410,340 50,792 1.9 41 85 % 0.13 %
14 Hungary 9,688,847 -0.34 % -32,712 107 90,530 6,000 1.3 42 73 % 0.13 %
15 Austria 8,751,820 0.19 % 16,367 106 82,409 53,434 1.4 43 65 % 0.11 %
16 Bulgaria 7,036,848 -0.67 % -47,723 65 108,560 -4,894 1.5 43 74 % 0.09 %
17 Denmark 5,754,356 0.36 % 20,805 136 42,430 21,368 1.7 42 87 % 0.08 %
18 Finland 5,542,517 0.35 % 19,286 18 303,890 16,283 1.8 42 84 % 0.07 %
19 Slovakia 5,449,816 0.04 % 2,154 113 48,088 2,269 1.4 39 54 % 0.07 %
20 Ireland 4,803,748 0.88 % 42,091 70 68,890 -27,999 2.0 37 64 % 0.06 %
21 Croatia 4,164,783 -0.59 % -24,570 74 55,960 -6,554 1.5 43 60 % 0.05 %
22 Lithuania 2,876,475 -0.48 % -13,822 46 62,674 -29,243 1.6 43 69 % 0.04 %
23 Slovenia 2,081,260 0.06 % 1,284 103 20,140 3,314 1.6 43 50 % 0.03 %
24 Latvia 1,929,938 -1.01 % -19,732 31 62,200 -16,665 1.5 43 70 % 0.03 %
25 Estonia 1,306,788 -0.22 % -2,844 31 42,390 -2,103 1.6 42 66 % 0.02 %
26 Cyprus 1,189,085 0.81 % 9,534 129 9,240 4,502 1.4 35 67 % 0.02 %
27 Luxembourg 590,321 1.18 % 6,866 228 2,590 9,741 1.5 39 86 % 0.01 %
28 Malta 432,089 0.29 % 1,254 1,350 320 1,889 1.4 41 96 % 0.01 %

Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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