The English alphabet consists of 26 letters. Each letter has an uppercase ("capital letter") and a lowercase ("small letter") form.
|# ||Capital |
|1 ||A ||a ||/eɪ/, /æ/ ||a |
|2 ||B ||b ||/biː/ ||bee |
|3 ||C ||c ||/siː/ ||cee |
|4 ||D ||d ||/diː/ ||dee |
|5 ||E ||e ||/iː/ ||e |
|6 ||F ||f ||/ɛf/ ||ef |
|7 ||G ||g ||/dʒiː/ ||gee |
|8 ||H ||h ||/(h)eɪtʃ/ ||(h)aitch |
|9 ||I ||i ||/aɪ/ ||i |
|10 ||J ||j ||/dʒeɪ/ ||jay |
|11 ||K ||k ||/keɪ/ ||kay |
|12 ||L ||l ||/ɛl/ ||el |
|13 ||M ||m ||/ɛm/ ||em |
|14 ||N ||n ||/ɛn/ ||en |
|15 ||O ||o ||/oʊ/ ||o |
|16 ||P ||p ||/piː/ ||pee |
|17 ||Q ||q ||/kjuː/ ||cue |
|18 ||R ||r ||/ɑːr/ ||ar |
|19 ||S ||s || /ɛs/ ||ess |
|20 ||T ||t ||/tiː/ ||tee |
|21 ||U ||u ||/juː/ ||u |
|22 ||V ||v ||/viː/ ||vee |
|23 ||W ||w ||/ˈdʌbəl.juː/ ||double-u |
|24 ||X ||x ||/ɛks/ ||ex |
|25 ||Y ||y ||/waɪ/ ||wy |
|26 ||Z ||z ||/zi/zɛd/ ||zee/zed |
- Five of the letters in the English Alphabet are vowels: A, E, I, O, U.
- The remaining 21 letters are consonants: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Z, and usually W and Y.
Written English includes the digraphs: ch ci ck gh ng ph qu rh sc sh th ti wh wr zh. These are not considered separate letters of the alphabet.
- Two letters, “A” and “I,” also constitute words.
- Until fairly recently (until 1835), the 27th letter of the alphabet (right after "z") was the ampersand (&).
- The English Alphabet is based on the Latin script, which is the basic set of letters common to the various alphabets originating from the classical Latin alphabet.
- The Old English alphabet letters were 29: A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X Y Z & ⁊ Ƿ Þ Ð Æ
- The Old English alphabet was recorded in the year 1011 by a monk named Byrhtferð and included the 24 letters of the Latin alphabet (including ampersand) and 5 additional English letters: Long S (ſ), Eth (Ð and ð), Thorn (þ), Wynn (ƿ) and Ash (ᚫ; later Æ and æ).
- With respect to Modern English, Old English did not include J, U, and W.