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Current World Population

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Top 20 Largest Countries by Population (live)
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The world population (the total number of living humans on Earth) was 7.349 billion as of July 1, 2015 according to the medium fertility estimate by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.

World Population: Past, Present, and Future

(move and expand the bar at the bottom of the chart to navigate through time)
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The chart above illustrates how world population has changed in history.

At the dawn of agriculture, about 8000 B.C., the population of the world was approximately 5 million. Over the 8,000-year period up to 1 A.D. it grew to 200 million (some estimate 300 million or even 600, suggesting how imprecise population estimates of early historical periods can be), with a growth rate of under 0.05% per year.

A tremendous change occurred with the industrial revolution: whereas it had taken all of human history until around 1800 for world population to reach one billion, the second billion was achieved in only 130 years (1930), the third billion in less than 30 years (1959), the fourth billion in 15 years (1974), and the fifth billion in only 13 years (1987).

Sources:

World Population Milestones

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8 Billion (2024)

According to the most recent United Nations estimates, the human population of the world is expected to reach 8 billion people in the spring of 2024.

7 Billion (2011)

According to the United Nations, world population reached 7 Billion on October 31, 2011.
The US Census Bureau made a lower estimate, for which the 7 billion mark was only reached on March 12, 2012.

6 Billion (1999)

According to the United Nations, the 6 billion figure was reached on October 12, 1999 (celebrated as the Day of 6 Billion). According to the U.S. Census Bureau instead, the six billion milestone was reached on July 22, 1999, at about 3:49 AM GMT. Yet, according to the U.S. Census web site, the date and time of when 6 billion was reached will probably change because the already uncertain estimates are constantly being updated.

Previous Milestones

Summary Table

 
1 - 1804 (1803 years): 0.2 to 1 bil.
1804 - 2011 (207 years): from 1 billion to 7 billion
Year
1
1000
1500
1650
1750
1804
1850
1900
1927
1950
1960
1974
1980
1987
1999
2011
2020
2024
2030
2038
2050
2056
2100
Pop, (billions)
0.2
0.275
0.45
0.5
0.7
1
1.2
1.6
2
2.55
3
4
4.5
5
6
7
7.7
8
8.4
9
9.5
10
11.2

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Growth Rate

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Population in the world is currently (as of 2015-2016) growing at a rate of around 1.13% per year. The average population change is currently estimated at around 80 million per year.

Annual growth rate reached its peak in the late 1960s, when it was at 2% and above. The rate of increase has therefore almost halved since its peak of 2.19 percent, which was reached in 1963.

The annual growth rate is currently declining and is projected to continue to decline in the coming years. Currently, it is estimated that it will become less than 1% by 2020 and less than 0.5% by 2050.

This means that world population will continue to grow in the 21st century, but at a slower rate compared to the recent past. World population has doubled (100% increase) in 40 years from 1959 (3 billion) to 1999 (6 billion). It is now estimated that it will take a further 39 years to increase by another 50%, to become 9 billion by 2038.

The latest United Nations projections indicate that world population will reach 10 billion persons in the year 2056 (six years earlier than previously estimated).


Top 20 Countries 2013-2100

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In the year 2022, India's population is expected to surpass China's, to become the largest country in the world.

Nigeria's population is expected to surpass the U.S. population in 2049 to become the third-most populous country in the world after China (in 2100, Nigeria's population is projected at 750 million, while China will be stable at over 1 billion).


World Population by Region

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World Population Density (people/km2)

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Population density map of the world showing not only countries but also many subdivisions (regions, states, provinces).


Courtesy of Junuxx at en.wikipedia [CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons


World Population by Religion

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According to a recent study (based on the 2010 world population of 6.9 billion) by The Pew Forum, there are:


World Population by Country

view full table (includes median age, population over 60, fertility rate, and urban population).

Rank
Country
Population (2014)
Share of
World Pop
1 Year Change
Area (Km²)
Density
(P/Km²)
1
1,393,783,83619.24%0.59%9,596,947145
2
1,267,401,84917.50%1.22%3,287,265386
3
322,583,0064.45%0.79%9,629,05634
4
252,812,2453.49%1.18%1,904,567133
5
202,033,6702.79%0.83%8,514,20924
6
185,132,9262.56%1.64%796,096233
7
178,516,9042.46%2.82%923,766193
8
158,512,5702.19%1.22%143,9981,101
9
142,467,6511.97%-0.26%17,076,3108
10
126,999,8081.75%-0.11%377,873336
11
123,799,2151.71%1.20%1,958,19863
12
100,096,4961.38%1.73%300,000334
13
96,506,0311.33%2.56%1,104,30287
14
92,547,9591.28%0.95%331,689279
15
83,386,7391.15%1.62%1,001,45083
16
82,652,2561.14%-0.09%357,021232
17
78,470,2221.08%1.32%1,648,18848
18
75,837,0201.05%1.21%783,56297
19
69,360,1180.96%2.73%2,344,83230
20
67,222,9720.93%0.32%513,113131
21
64,641,2790.89%0.54%551,500117
22
63,489,2340.88%0.56%242,900261
23
61,070,2240.84%0.13%301,318203
24
53,718,9580.74%0.86%676,57879
25
53,139,5280.73%0.69%1,221,03744
26
Tanzania
50,757,4590.70%3.05%945,08154
27
South Korea
49,512,0260.68%0.51%99,538497
28
Colombia
48,929,7060.68%1.26%1,138,90743
29
Spain
47,066,4020.65%0.30%505,99293
30
Kenya
45,545,9800.63%2.69%580,36678
31
Ukraine
44,941,3030.62%-0.66%603,70174
32
Argentina
41,803,1250.58%0.86%2,780,38715
33
Algeria
39,928,9470.55%1.84%2,381,68517
34
Uganda
38,844,6240.54%3.37%241,037161
35
Sudan
38,764,0900.54%2.11%1,861,51021
36
Poland
38,220,5430.53%0.01%323,251118
37
Canada
35,524,7320.49%0.98%9,970,4554
38
Iraq
34,768,7610.48%2.97%438,31979
39
Morocco
33,492,9090.46%1.47%446,54875
40
Afghanistan
31,280,5180.43%2.39%652,08548
41
Venezuela
30,851,3430.43%1.47%912,06034
42
Peru
30,769,0770.42%1.30%1,285,20424
43
Malaysia
30,187,8960.42%1.58%329,84792
44
Saudi Arabia
29,369,4280.41%1.88%2,149,71714
45
Uzbekistan
29,324,9200.40%1.35%447,40166
46
Nepal
28,120,7400.39%1.16%147,181191
47
Mozambique
26,472,9770.37%2.47%801,58033
48
Ghana
26,442,1780.37%2.08%238,534111
49
North Korea
25,026,5880.35%0.53%120,538208
50
Yemen
24,968,5080.34%2.30%527,96547
51
Australia
23,630,1690.33%1.23%7,739,9833
52
Madagascar
23,571,9620.33%2.82%587,03940
53
Cameroon
22,818,6320.32%2.54%475,43848
54
Angola
22,137,2610.31%3.10%1,246,67818
55
Syria
21,986,6150.30%0.40%185,180119
56
Romania
21,640,1680.30%-0.27%238,39191
57
Sri Lanka
21,445,7750.30%0.81%65,610327
58
Côte d'Ivoire
20,804,7740.29%2.41%322,46565
59
Niger
18,534,8020.26%3.95%1,266,99015
60
Chile
17,772,8710.25%0.87%756,61423
61
Burkina Faso
17,419,6150.24%2.86%274,00164
62
Malawi
16,829,1440.23%2.85%118,484142
63
Netherlands
16,802,4630.23%0.26%41,528405
64
Kazakhstan
16,606,8780.23%1.01%2,725,1196
65
Ecuador
15,982,5510.22%1.55%283,56056
66
Guatemala
15,859,7140.22%2.53%108,889146
67
Mali
15,768,2270.22%3.05%1,240,22513
68
Cambodia
15,408,2700.21%1.80%181,03585
69
Zambia
15,021,0020.21%3.32%752,63120
70
Zimbabwe
14,599,3250.20%3.18%390,75337
71
Senegal
14,548,1710.20%2.94%196,72274
72
Chad
13,211,1460.18%3.01%1,284,00710
73
Rwanda
12,100,0490.17%2.75%26,338459
74
Guinea
12,043,8980.17%2.54%245,85949
75
South Sudan
11,738,7180.16%3.92%644,31218
76
Cuba
11,258,5970.16%-0.06%110,861102
77
Belgium
11,144,4200.15%0.36%30,528365
78
Greece
11,128,4040.15%0.00%131,95684
79
Tunisia
11,116,8990.15%1.09%163,60968
80
Bolivia
10,847,6640.15%1.65%1,098,60910
81
Somalia
10,805,6510.15%2.95%637,65217
82
Czech Republic
10,740,4680.15%0.36%78,866136
83
Portugal
10,610,3040.15%0.02%91,982115
84
Benin
10,599,5100.15%2.67%112,62294
85
Dominican Republic
10,528,9540.15%1.20%48,511217
86
Burundi
10,482,7520.14%3.15%27,834377
87
Haiti
10,461,4090.14%1.40%27,750377
88
Hungary
9,933,1730.14%-0.22%93,032107
89
Sweden
9,631,2610.13%0.63%449,95421
90
Azerbaijan
9,514,8870.13%1.08%86,600110
91
Serbia
9,468,3780.13%-0.44%88,361107
92
United Arab Emirates
9,445,6240.13%1.06%83,600113
93
Belarus
9,307,6090.13%-0.52%207,60245
94
Austria
8,526,4290.12%0.37%83,858102
95
Tajikistan
8,408,9470.12%2.45%143,09959
96
Honduras
8,260,7490.11%2.01%112,08874
97
Switzerland
8,157,8960.11%0.99%41,284198
98
Israel
7,822,1070.11%1.15%22,145353
99
Jordan
7,504,8120.10%3.18%89,34284
100
Papua New Guinea
7,476,1080.10%2.12%462,83116
101
Hong Kong
7,259,5690.10%0.77%1,0996,606
102
Bulgaria
7,167,9980.10%-0.76%110,91265
103
Togo
6,993,2440.10%2.59%56,785123
104
Paraguay
6,917,5790.10%1.69%406,74917
105
Laos
6,894,0980.10%1.84%236,79729
106
Eritrea
6,536,1760.09%3.21%117,59956
107
El Salvador
6,383,7520.09%0.68%21,041303
108
Libya
6,253,4520.09%0.84%1,759,5534
109
Sierra Leone
6,205,3820.09%1.86%71,74086
110
Nicaragua
6,169,2690.09%1.46%130,00047
111
Denmark
5,640,1840.08%0.38%43,094131
112
Kyrgyzstan
5,625,0150.08%1.40%199,90128
113
Singapore
5,517,1020.08%1.95%6838,078
114
Slovakia
5,454,1540.08%0.07%49,033111
115
Finland
5,443,4970.08%0.32%338,14716
116
Turkmenistan
5,307,1710.07%1.28%488,10511
117
Norway
5,091,9240.07%0.98%385,16813
118
Lebanon
4,965,9140.07%2.99%10,400477
119
Costa Rica
4,937,7550.07%1.35%51,10097
120
Central African Republic
4,709,2030.07%2.01%622,9938
121
Ireland
4,677,3400.06%1.08%70,27367
122
Congo
4,558,5940.06%2.49%342,00613
123
New Zealand
4,551,3490.06%1.01%270,52717
124
State of Palestine
4,436,4110.06%2.55%6,020737
125
Liberia
4,396,8730.06%2.39%111,37039
126
Georgia
4,322,8420.06%-0.42%69,70062
127
Croatia
4,272,0440.06%-0.41%56,53876
128
Mauritania
3,984,4570.06%2.43%1,025,6004
129
Oman
3,926,4920.05%8.10%309,48913
130
Panama
3,926,0170.05%1.60%75,51652
131
Bosnia and Herzegovina
3,824,7460.05%-0.12%51,19775
132
Puerto Rico
3,683,6010.05%-0.13%8,875415
133
Kuwait
3,479,3710.05%3.29%17,818195
134
Moldova
3,461,3800.05%-0.74%33,851102
135
Uruguay
3,418,6940.05%0.34%175,01220
136
Albania
3,185,4130.04%0.38%28,748111
137
Lithuania
3,008,2870.04%-0.29%65,30046
138
Armenia
2,983,9900.04%0.25%29,800100
139
Mongolia
2,881,4150.04%1.49%1,566,8382
140
Jamaica
2,798,8370.04%0.54%10,991255
141
Namibia
2,347,9880.03%1.94%824,4343
142
Qatar
2,267,9160.03%4.58%11,000206
143
Macedonia
2,108,4340.03%0.06%25,71382
144
Lesotho
2,097,5110.03%1.11%30,35569
145
Slovenia
2,075,5920.03%0.17%20,256102
146
Latvia
2,041,1110.03%-0.45%64,60032
147
Botswana
2,038,5870.03%0.86%581,7894
148
Gambia
1,908,9540.03%3.23%11,295169
149
Guinea-Bissau
1,745,7980.02%2.44%36,12548
150
Gabon
1,711,2940.02%2.37%267,6826
151
Trinidad and Tobago
1,344,2350.02%0.23%5,130262
152
Bahrain
1,344,1110.02%0.90%6941,937
153
Estonia
1,283,7710.02%-0.27%45,10028
154
Swaziland
1,267,7040.02%1.46%17,36473
155
Mauritius
1,249,1510.02%0.38%2,040612
156
Cyprus
1,153,0580.02%1.04%9,251125
157
Timor-Leste
1,152,4390.02%1.73%14,87477
158
Fiji
887,0270.01%0.68%18,27449
159
Djibouti
886,3130.01%1.53%23,20038
160
Réunion
885,3280.01%1.14%2,510353
161
Guyana
803,6770.01%0.51%214,9444
162
Equatorial Guinea
778,0610.01%2.78%28,05128
163
Bhutan
765,5520.01%1.54%47,00116
164
Comoros
752,4380.01%2.38%1,861404
165
Montenegro
621,5420.01%0.03%13,81245
166
Western Sahara
585,6460.01%3.23%265,9612
167
Macau
575,4810.01%1.61%2622,134
168
Solomon Islands
572,8650.01%2.07%28,89620
169
Suriname
543,9250.01%0.86%163,8333
170
Luxembourg
536,7610.01%1.20%2,586208
171
Cape Verde
503,6370.01%0.95%4,033125
172
Guadeloupe
468,0160.01%0.48%1,705274
173
Malta
430,1460.01%0.27%3161,361
174
Brunei
423,2050.01%1.30%5,76573
175
Martinique
404,7050.01%0.25%1,102367
176
Bahamas
382,5710.01%1.38%13,87828
177
Maldives
351,5720.00%1.90%2981,180
178
Belize
339,7580.00%2.37%22,96615
179
Iceland
333,1350.00%1.09%103,0103
180
Barbados
286,0660.00%0.50%430665
181
French Polynesia
279,8350.00%1.09%4,00070
182
New Caledonia
259,8240.00%1.30%18,57514
183
Vanuatu
258,3010.00%2.19%12,18921
184
French Guiana
255,4550.00%2.50%90,0123
185
Mayotte
228,0700.00%2.66%374610
186
Sao Tome and Principe
197,8820.00%2.53%964205
187
Samoa
191,8310.00%0.77%2,83168
188
Saint Lucia
183,5980.00%0.73%539341
189
Guam
167,5460.00%1.47%549305
190
Channel Islands
162,7780.00%0.47%195835
191
Curaçao
161,8360.00%1.94%444364
192
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
109,3710.00%0.00%388282
193
United States Virgin Islands
106,7920.00%0.15%347308
194
Grenada
106,3030.00%0.38%344309
195
Tonga
105,7820.00%0.44%650163
196
Kiribati
103,9420.00%1.55%726143
197
Micronesia
103,9030.00%0.34%702148
198
Aruba
103,4310.00%0.51%180575
199
Seychelles
93,3060.00%0.50%455205
200
Antigua and Barbuda
90,9030.00%1.02%442206
201
Isle of Man
86,475 0.00% 0.68% 572 151
202
Andorra
80,153 0.00% 1.18% 468 171
203
Dominica
72,341 0.00% 0.47% 751 96
204
Bermuda
65,461 0.00% 0.18% 53 1,235
205
Cayman Islands
59,226 0.00% 1.35% 264 224
206
Greenland
57,164 0.00% 0.31% 2,198,615 0
207
American Samoa
55,320 0.00% 0.28% 199 278
208
Saint Kitts and Nevis
54,789 0.00% 1.10% 261 210
209
Northern Mariana Islands
54,531 0.00% 1.26% 464 118
210
Marshall Islands
52,772 0.00% 0.26% 181 292
211
Faeroe Islands
49,460 0.00% -0.02% 1,399 35
212
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
46,085 0.00% 1.88% 34 1,355
213
Monaco
38,066 0.00% 0.62% 1 25,548
214
Liechtenstein
37,194 0.00% 0.73% 160 232
215
Turks and Caicos Islands
33,736 0.00% 1.93% 430 78
216
San Marino
31,637 0.00% 0.60% 61 519
217
Gibraltar
29,335 0.00% 0.09% 6 4,889
218
British Virgin Islands
28,562 0.00% 0.78% 151 189
219
Palau
21,097 0.00% 0.86% 459 46
220
Cook Islands
20,732 0.00% 0.50% 236 88
221
Caribbean Netherlands
19,525 0.00% 2.06% 328 60
222
Anguilla
14,460 0.00% 1.12% 91 159
223
Wallis and Futuna Islands
13,206 0.00% -0.50% 200 66
224
Nauru
10,081 0.00% 0.30% 21 480
225
Tuvalu
9,894 0.00% 0.18% 26 381
226
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
6,046 0.00% 0.05% 242 25
227
Montserrat
5,135 0.00% 0.86% 102 50
228
Saint Helena
4,120 0.00% -0.22% 122 34
229
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
3,052 0.00% 0.26% 12,159 0
230
Niue
1,307 0.00% -2.75% 260 5
231
Tokelau
1,222 0.00% 2.26% 12 102
232
Holy See
799 0.00% 0.00% 0 1,816
[view full table]

World Population: Gender, Age, Fertility Rate, Immigration

(view full table)
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How many people have ever lived on earth?

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It was written during the 1970s that 75% of the people who had ever been born were alive at that moment. This was grossly false.

Assuming that we start counting from about 50,000 B.C., the time when modern Homo sapiens appeared on the earth (and not from 700,000 B.C. when the ancestors of Homo sapiens appeared, or several million years ago when hominids were present), taking into account that all population data are a rough estimate, and assuming a constant growth rate applied to each period up to modern times, it has been estimated that a total of approximately 106 billion people have been born since the dawn of the human species, making the population currently alive roughly 6% of all people who have ever lived on planet Earth.

Others have estimated the number of human beings who have ever lived to be anywhere from 45 billion to 125 billion, with most estimates falling into the range of 90 to 110 billion humans.

World Population clock: sources and methodology

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The world population counter displayed on Worldometers takes into consideration data from two major sources: the United Nations and the U.S. Census Bureau.

  1. The United Nations Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs every two years calculates, updates, and publishes estimates of total population in its World Population Prospects series. These population estimates and projections provide the standard and consistent set of population figures that are used throughout the United Nations system.

    The World Population Prospect: the 2015 Revision provides the most recent data available (released on July 29, 2015). Estimates and projected world population and country specific populations are given from 1950 through 2100 and are released every two years. The latest revision has revised upwards the world population projections.

    Data underlying the population estimates are national and sub national census data and data on births, deaths, and migrants available from national sources and publications, as well as from questionnaires. For all countries, census and registration data are evaluated and, if necessary, adjusted for incompleteness by the Population Division as part of its preparations of the official United Nations population estimates and projections.

  2. The International Programs Center at the U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division also develops estimates and projections based on analysis of available data (based on census, survey, and administrative information) on population, fertility, mortality, and migration for each country or area of the world. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, world population reached 7 billion on March 12, 2012.

    For most countries adjustment of the data is necessary to correct for errors, omissions, and inconsistencies in the data. Finally, since most recent data for a single country is often at least two years old, the current world population figure is necessarily a projection of past data based on assumed trends. As new data become available, assumptions and data are reevaluated and past conclusions and current figures may be modified.

    For information about how these estimates and projections are made by the U.S. Census Bureau, see the Population Estimates and Projections Methodology.

Why Worldometers clocks are the most accurate

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The above world population clock is based on the latest estimates released on July 29, 2015 by the United Nations and will show the same number wherever you are in the world and whatever time you set on your PC. Worldometers is the only website to show live counters that are based on UN data and that do not follow the user's PC clock.

Visitors around the world visiting a PC clock based counter, such as the the United Nations' one on http://7billionactions.org and http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/7-billion see different numbers depending on where they are located, and therefore have seen the clock reaching 7 billion whenever their locally set PC clocks reached 4:21:10 AM on October 31, 2011. As a test, try changing the date to yesterday on your computer clock, and watch what happens to http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/7-billion. With 39 time zones around the world, every visitor is seeing a different number right now on the United Nations clock. Look instead at Worldometers.

Obviously, the UN data is based on estimates and can't be 100% accurate, so in all honesty nobody can possibly say with any degree of certainty on which day world population reaches 7 billion (or any other exact number), let alone at what time. But once an estimate is done (based on the best data and analysis available), the world population clock should be showing the same number at any given time anywhere around the world.

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