Europe Demographics

Population of Europe (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Europe

Europe Population
747,182,751
Yearly Change
+ 0.10%

Population Pyramid for Europe

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Europe (2020)

Females
51.7%
(386,575,072)
Males
48.3%
(361,060,973)
group Sex Ratio
0.93
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 61,675,370 51.37% 58,394,743 48.63% 120,070,113 16.06%
15-24 39,439,254 51.30% 37,434,146 48.70% 76,873,400 10.28%
25-54 153,152,991 50.03% 152,982,509 49.97% 306,135,500 40.95%
55-64 48,039,492 47.26% 53,612,018 52.74% 101,651,510 13.60%
65+ 58,753,866 41.11% 84,151,656 58.89% 142,905,522 19.11%

Europe Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 20,060,590 51.35% 19,009,129 48.65% 39,069,719 5.23%
5-9 20,936,156 51.38% 19,814,776 48.62% 40,750,932 5.45%
10-14 20,678,624 51.38% 19,570,838 48.62% 40,249,462 5.38%
15-19 19,460,321 51.35% 18,434,936 48.65% 37,895,257 5.07%
20-24 19,978,933 51.26% 18,999,210 48.74% 38,978,143 5.21%
25-29 23,017,820 51.11% 22,021,518 48.89% 45,039,338 6.02%
30-34 26,558,590 50.70% 25,823,486 49.30% 52,382,076 7.01%
35-39 26,598,101 50.25% 26,332,500 49.75% 52,930,601 7.08%
40-44 26,008,336 49.77% 26,251,264 50.23% 52,259,600 6.99%
45-49 25,752,077 49.52% 26,254,025 50.48% 52,006,102 6.96%
50-54 25,218,067 48.95% 26,299,716 51.05% 51,517,783 6.89%
55-59 25,299,997 47.96% 27,451,322 52.04% 52,751,319 7.06%
60-64 22,739,495 46.50% 26,160,696 53.50% 48,900,191 6.54%
65-69 19,254,389 44.73% 23,788,032 55.27% 43,042,421 5.76%
70-74 15,338,380 43.76% 19,710,300 56.24% 35,048,680 4.69%
75-79 10,423,079 41.36% 14,777,410 58.64% 25,200,489 3.37%
80-84 7,879,923 37.33% 13,228,222 62.67% 21,108,145 2.82%
85-89 4,034,151 34.18% 7,768,207 65.82% 11,802,358 1.58%
90-94 1,513,242 28.54% 3,789,762 71.46% 5,303,004 0.71%
95-99 288,123 22.58% 987,667 77.42% 1,275,790 0.17%
100+ 22,579 18.12% 102,056 81.88% 124,635 0.02%

Median Age

The median age in Europe is 41.7 years (2019).

Europe Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 120,070,113 16.06% 24.8
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 484,660,410 64.83% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 142,905,522 19.11% 29.5
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
262,975,635 35.17% 54.3
Potential Support Ratio
3.39
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Europe

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
1.6
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Europe

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
79.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
82.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
75.9 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Europe

Infant Mortality
3.4
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
4.2
(per 1,000 live births)

Europe Urban Population

Currently, 74.3 % of the population of Europe is urban (554,832,332 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Europe is 34 people per Km2 (87 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 22,134,900 Km2 (8,546,329 sq. miles).

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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