Nigeria Demographics

Population of Nigeria (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Nigeria

Nigeria Population
200,963,599
Yearly Change
+ 2.60%
Global Share
2.61%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Nigeria

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Nigeria (2020)

Females
49.3%
(101,669,950)
Males
50.7%
(104,469,637)
group Sex Ratio
1.03
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 45,824,482 51.12% 43,820,702 48.88% 89,645,184 43.49%
15-24 20,321,764 50.83% 19,657,257 49.17% 39,979,021 19.39%
25-54 31,561,018 50.53% 30,896,807 49.47% 62,457,825 30.30%
55-64 4,094,904 48.67% 4,318,421 51.33% 8,413,325 4.08%
65+ 2,667,469 47.26% 2,976,763 52.74% 5,644,232 2.74%

Nigeria Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 17,377,466 51.20% 16,561,329 48.80% 33,938,795 16.46%
5-9 15,287,661 51.11% 14,625,985 48.89% 29,913,646 14.51%
10-14 13,159,355 51.02% 12,633,388 48.98% 25,792,743 12.51%
15-19 11,151,483 50.90% 10,758,964 49.10% 21,910,447 10.63%
20-24 9,170,281 50.75% 8,898,293 49.25% 18,068,574 8.77%
25-29 7,660,610 50.70% 7,448,235 49.30% 15,108,845 7.33%
30-34 6,613,972 50.70% 6,430,540 49.30% 13,044,512 6.33%
35-39 5,745,353 50.74% 5,578,185 49.26% 11,323,538 5.49%
40-44 4,785,766 50.60% 4,672,877 49.40% 9,458,643 4.59%
45-49 3,807,418 50.24% 3,771,400 49.76% 7,578,818 3.68%
50-54 2,947,899 49.60% 2,995,570 50.40% 5,943,469 2.88%
55-59 2,330,368 48.99% 2,426,334 51.01% 4,756,702 2.31%
60-64 1,764,536 48.26% 1,892,087 51.74% 3,656,623 1.77%
65-69 1,232,451 47.37% 1,369,452 52.63% 2,601,903 1.26%
70-74 816,324 47.55% 900,588 52.45% 1,716,912 0.83%
75-79 426,433 47.03% 480,358 52.97% 906,791 0.44%
80-84 153,999 46.20% 179,349 53.80% 333,348 0.16%
85-89 34,068 45.16% 41,370 54.84% 75,438 0.04%
90-94 3,939 42.95% 5,232 57.05% 9,171 0.00%
95-99 243 38.03% 396 61.97% 639 0.00%
100+ 12 40.00% 18 60.00% 30 0.00%

Median Age

The median age in Nigeria is 17.9 years (2019).

Nigeria Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 89,645,184 43.49% 80.9
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 110,850,171 53.77% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 5,644,232 2.74% 5.1
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
95,289,416 46.23% 86.0
Potential Support Ratio
19.64
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Nigeria

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
5.4
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Nigeria

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
55.8 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
56.8 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
54.8 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Nigeria

Infant Mortality
54.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
90.2
(per 1,000 live births)

Nigeria Urban Population

Currently, 51.2 % of the population of Nigeria is urban (102,805,995 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Nigeria is 221 people per Km2 (571 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 910,770 Km2 (351,650 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Nigeria

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Lagos 9,000,000
2 Kano 3,626,068
3 Ibadan 3,565,108
4 Kaduna 1,582,102
5 Port Harcourt 1,148,665
6 Benin City 1,125,058
7 Maiduguri 1,112,449
8 Zaria 975,153
9 Aba 897,560
10 Jos 816,824
11 Ilorin 814,192
12 Oyo 736,072
13 Enugu 688,862
14 Abeokuta 593,100
15 Abuja 590,400
16 Sokoto 563,861
17 Onitsha 561,066
18 Warri 536,023
19 Ebute Ikorodu 535,619
20 Okene 479,178
21 Calabar 461,796
22 Uyo 436,606
23 Katsina 432,149
24 Ado-Ekiti 424,340
25 Akure 420,594
26 Bauchi 316,149
27 Ikeja 313,196
28 Makurdi 292,645
29 Minna 291,905
30 Efon-Alaaye 279,319

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

Enter your email below to receive Worldometers' latest news (free):