Latin America and the Caribbean Demographics

Population of Latin America and the Caribbean (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Latin America and the Caribbean

Latin America and the Caribbean Population
648,120,957
Yearly Change
+ 0.92%

Population Pyramid for Latin America and the Caribbean

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Latin America and the Caribbean (2020)

Females
50.8%
(332,333,578)
Males
49.2%
(321,628,754)
group Sex Ratio
0.97
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 79,745,579 51.04% 76,506,686 48.96% 156,252,265 23.89%
15-24 54,427,645 50.59% 53,155,664 49.41% 107,583,309 16.45%
25-54 134,149,313 49.12% 138,949,028 50.88% 273,098,341 41.76%
55-64 27,581,800 47.25% 30,795,540 52.75% 58,377,340 8.93%
65+ 25,724,417 43.86% 32,926,660 56.14% 58,651,077 8.97%

Latin America and the Caribbean Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 26,420,328 51.11% 25,269,499 48.89% 51,689,827 7.90%
5-9 26,644,307 51.05% 25,553,111 48.95% 52,197,418 7.98%
10-14 26,680,944 50.95% 25,684,076 49.05% 52,365,020 8.01%
15-19 27,197,961 50.79% 26,348,226 49.21% 53,546,187 8.19%
20-24 27,229,684 50.39% 26,807,438 49.61% 54,037,122 8.26%
25-29 26,751,139 50.18% 26,561,496 49.82% 53,312,635 8.15%
30-34 25,330,999 49.70% 25,636,011 50.30% 50,967,010 7.79%
35-39 23,887,831 49.27% 24,592,013 50.73% 48,479,844 7.41%
40-44 21,580,026 48.76% 22,681,973 51.24% 44,261,999 6.77%
45-49 19,263,945 48.32% 20,600,731 51.68% 39,864,676 6.10%
50-54 17,335,373 47.87% 18,876,804 52.13% 36,212,177 5.54%
55-59 15,284,917 47.54% 16,865,417 52.46% 32,150,334 4.92%
60-64 12,296,883 46.89% 13,930,123 53.11% 26,227,006 4.01%
65-69 9,636,010 46.13% 11,252,168 53.87% 20,888,178 3.19%
70-74 6,779,284 45.10% 8,254,052 54.90% 15,033,336 2.30%
75-79 4,499,306 43.48% 5,848,369 56.52% 10,347,675 1.58%
80-84 2,762,490 41.12% 3,955,094 58.88% 6,717,584 1.03%
85-89 1,365,785 37.77% 2,250,220 62.23% 3,616,005 0.55%
90-94 529,869 34.10% 1,024,044 65.90% 1,553,913 0.24%
95-99 131,815 30.99% 293,495 69.01% 425,310 0.07%
100+ 19,858 28.75% 49,218 71.25% 69,076 0.01%

Median Age

The median age in Latin America and the Caribbean is 29.5 years (2019).

Latin America and the Caribbean Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 156,252,265 23.89% 35.6
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 439,058,990 67.14% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 58,651,077 8.97% 13.4
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
214,903,342 32.86% 48.9
Potential Support Ratio
7.49
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Latin America and the Caribbean

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
2.0
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Latin America and the Caribbean

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
76.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
79.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
73.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Latin America and the Caribbean

Infant Mortality
13.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
16.9
(per 1,000 live births)

Latin America and the Caribbean Urban Population

Currently, 82.2 % of the population of Latin America and the Caribbean is urban (532,783,467 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Latin America and the Caribbean is 32 people per Km2 (83 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 20,139,378 Km2 (7,775,854 sq. miles).

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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