Afghanistan Population (LIVE)

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Afghanistan Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Afghanistan is 38,296,284 as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Afghanistan 2019 population is estimated at 38,041,754 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Afghanistan population is equivalent to 0.49% of the total world population.
  • Afghanistan ranks number 37 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Afghanistan is 58 per Km2 (151 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 652,860 Km2 (252,071 sq. miles)
  • 25.2 % of the population is urban (9,582,625 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Afghanistan is 17.4 years.

Population of Afghanistan (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationAfghanistan
Global Rank
2019 38,041,754 2.34 % 869,833 -62,920 17.4 5.26 58 25.2 % 9,582,625 0.49 % 7,713,468,100 37
2018 37,171,921 2.41 % 875,808 -62,920 17.4 5.26 57 24.9 % 9,273,302 0.49 % 7,631,091,040 38
2017 36,296,113 2.58 % 913,081 -62,920 17.4 5.26 56 24.7 % 8,971,472 0.48 % 7,547,858,925 39
2016 35,383,032 2.82 % 969,429 -62,920 17.4 5.26 54 24.5 % 8,670,939 0.47 % 7,464,022,049 39
2015 34,413,603 3.35 % 1,045,619 104,354 17.2 5.45 53 24.3 % 8,367,571 0.47 % 7,379,797,139 40
2010 29,185,507 2.61 % 706,246 -209,272 15.9 6.48 45 23.4 % 6,836,980 0.42 % 6,956,823,603 40
2005 25,654,277 4.30 % 974,865 148,839 16.0 7.18 39 22.2 % 5,691,836 0.39 % 6,541,907,027 45
2000 20,779,953 2.79 % 533,859-173,508 15.5 7.65 32 21.3 % 4,436,282 0.34 % 6,143,493,823 48
1995 18,110,657 7.85 % 1,139,670 615,277 16.0 7.48 28 20.4 % 3,697,570 0.32 % 5,744,212,979 50
1990 12,412,308 0.78 % 94,820 -305,070 15.8 7.47 19 20.9 % 2,593,947 0.23 % 5,327,231,061 57
1985 11,938,208 -2.22 % -283,661 -669,019 16.2 7.45 18 18.8 % 2,238,468 0.25 % 4,870,921,740 56
1980 13,356,511 1.03 % 133,470 -230,792 16.9 7.45 20 15.9 % 2,119,078 0.30 % 4,458,003,514 51
1975 12,689,160 2.58 % 303,104 -4,000 17.3 7.45 19 13.5 % 1,717,422 0.31 % 4,079,480,606 48
1970 11,173,642 2.33 % 243,464 -4,000 17.9 7.45 17 11.6 % 1,295,433 0.30 % 3,700,437,046 48
1965 9,956,320 2.05 % 191,869 -4,000 18.4 7.45 15 9.9 % 984,350 0.30 % 3,339,583,597 48
1960 8,996,973 1.70 % 145,196 -4,000 18.8 7.45 14 8.4 % 755,797 0.30 % 3,034,949,748 48
1955 8,270,991 1.30 % 103,775 -4,000 19.2 7.45 13 7.1 % 587,818 0.30 % 2,773,019,936 48
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Afghanistan Population Forecast

-62,015
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationAfghanistan
Global Rank
2020 38,928,346 2.50 % 902,949 -62,920 18.4 4.56 60 25.4 % 9,904,337 0.50 % 7,794,798,739 37
2025 43,531,519 2.26 % 920,635 -60,000 19.9 4.56 67 26.9 % 11,704,638 0.53 % 8,184,437,460 37
2030 48,093,578 2.01 % 912,412 -66,018 21.5 4.56 74 28.7 % 13,817,897 0.56 % 8,548,487,400 35
2035 52,587,408 1.80 % 898,766 -62,359 23.2 4.56 81 31.0 % 16,279,334 0.59 % 8,887,524,213 33
2040 56,912,009 1.59 % 864,920 -62,360 24.9 4.56 87 33.6 % 19,103,637 0.62 % 9,198,847,240 32
2045 60,974,113 1.39 % 812,421 -62,216 26.6 4.56 93 36.5 % 22,228,097 0.64 % 9,481,803,274 31
2050 64,682,974 1.19 % 741,772   28.4 4.56 99 39.4 % 25,498,515 0.66 % 9,735,033,990 31
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Afghanistan Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Afghanistan
Life Expectancy
65.98 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
44.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
56.9
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
19,976,265 51.32% 18,952,076 48.68% 38,928,346 1.05

Population Pyramid for Afghanistan (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 8,333,700 51.19% 7,947,146 48.81% 16,280,846 41.82%
15-24 4,395,220 51.37% 4,160,710 48.63% 8,555,930 21.98%
25-54 6,052,518 52.00% 5,587,332 48.00% 11,639,850 29.90%
55-64 716,460 50.44% 704,017 49.56% 1,420,477 3.65%
65+ 478,367 46.39% 552,871 53.61% 1,031,238 2.65%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 16,280,846 41.82% 75.3
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 21,616,257 55.53% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 1,031,238 2.65% 4.8
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
17,312,084 44.47% 80.1

Main Cities by Population in Afghanistan

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Kabul 3,043,532
2 Kandahar 391,190
3 Mazar-e Sharif 303,282
4 Herat 272,806
5 Jalalabad 200,331
6 Kunduz 161,902
7 Ghazni 141,000
8 Balkh 114,883
9 Baghlan 108,449
10 Gardez 103,601
11 Khost 96,123
12 Maymana 75,900
13 Khanabad 71,531
14 Bazarak 65,000
15 Khulm 64,933
16 Taloqan 64,256
17 Bamyan 61,863
18 Pul-e Khumri 56,369
19 Shibirghan 55,641
20 Charikar 53,676
21 Sar-e Pul 52,121
22 Zaranj 49,851
23 Paghman 49,157
24 Asadabad 48,400
25 Aibak 47,823
26 Fayzabad 44,421
27 Lashkar Gah 43,934
28 Gereshk 43,588
29 Farah 43,561
30 Ghormach 30,000
31 Shindand 29,264
32 Andkhoy 29,208
33 Rustaq 25,636
34 Qarawul 24,544
35 Nahrin 22,363
36 Baraki Barak 22,305
37 Art Khwajah 18,623
38 Kafir Qala 18,086
39 Karukh 17,484
40 Mehtar Lam 17,345
41 Kushk 16,952
42 Shahrak 15,967
43 Asmar 15,708
44 Sang-e Charak 15,377
45 Khash 15,133
46 Markaz-e Woluswali-ye Achin 15,098
47 Jabal os Saraj 15,032
48 Qarqin 15,018

See also

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Notes

The Afghanistan Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Afghanistan delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Afghanistan (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Afghanistan in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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