Central America Population (LIVE)

retrieving data...
Central America Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)

Countries in Central America

CountryPopulation (2019)
Mexico127,575,529
Guatemala17,581,472
Honduras9,746,117
Nicaragua6,545,502
El Salvador6,453,553
Costa Rica5,047,561
Panama4,246,439
Belize390,353
  • The current population of Central America is 178,017,868 as of Sunday, September 15, 2019, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Central America population is equivalent to 2.3% of the total world population.
  • Central America ranks number 2 in Latin America and the Caribbean among subregions ranked by Population.
  • The population density in Central America is 72 per Km2 (188 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,452,270 Km2 (946,826 sq. miles)
  • 76.9 % of the population is urban (136,495,379 people in 2019).
  • The median age in Central America is 26.9 years.

Population of Central America (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral America's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral America
Rank within
Latin America and the Caribbean
2019 177,586,526 1.21 % 2,114,739 -121,225 26.9 2.36 72 76.9 % 136,495,379 2.3 % 7,713,468,100 2
2018 175,471,787 1.24 % 2,145,016 -121,225 26.9 2.36 72 76.5 % 134,211,645 2.3 % 7,631,091,040 2
2017 173,326,771 1.27 % 2,174,584 -121,225 26.9 2.36 71 76.1 % 131,917,745 2.3 % 7,547,858,925 2
2016 171,152,187 1.3 % 2,202,996 -121,225 26.9 2.36 70 75.7 % 129,614,870 2.3 % 7,464,022,049 2
2015 168,949,191 1.4 % 2,271,574 -164,500 26.6 2.39 69 75.4 % 127,304,303 2.4 % 7,379,797,139 2
2010 157,591,319 1.55 % 2,328,154 -216,200 25.0 2.54 64 73.4 % 115,705,357 2.4 % 6,956,823,603 2
2005 145,950,548 1.52 % 2,125,640 -590,500 23.6 2.81 60 71.4 % 104,263,961 2.4 % 6,541,907,027 2
2000 135,322,350 1.67 % 2,153,722 -624,900 22.1 3.11 55 70.1 % 94,800,624 2.4 % 6,143,493,823 2
1995 124,553,738 1.9 % 2,234,009 -557,400 20.7 3.50 51 68.4 % 85,138,899 2.3 % 5,744,212,979 2
1990 113,383,693 2.08 % 2,217,401 -522,700 19.3 3.99 46 65.8 % 74,614,825 2.3 % 5,327,231,061 2
1985 102,296,688 2.35 % 2,240,861 -391,800 18.3 4.60 42 63.5 % 64,973,333 2.3 % 4,870,921,740 2
1980 91,092,382 2.6 % 2,192,663 -359,200 17.4 5.44 37 61.3 % 55,870,190 2.2 % 4,458,003,514 2
1975 80,129,069 2.92 % 2,145,723 -248,600 16.9 6.27 33 58 % 46,484,880 2.2 % 4,079,480,606 2
1970 69,400,453 3.08 % 1,955,508 -153,900 16.7 6.68 28 54.1 % 37,570,564 2.1 % 3,700,437,046 2
1965 59,622,915 3.13 % 1,701,276 -64,400 17.8 6.77 24 31.6 % 18,863,054 2.0 % 3,339,583,597 2
1960 51,116,534 3.11 % 1,451,453 -73,300 17.2 6.82 21 46.7 % 23,884,391 1.8 % 3,034,949,748 2
1955 43,859,267 2.92 % 1,176,751 -64,400 17.8 6.77 18 43 % 18,863,054 1.7 % 2,773,019,936 2
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
back to top ↑

Central America Population Forecast

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral America's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral America
Rank within
Latin America and the Caribbean
2020 179,670,200 1.24 % 2,144,202 -121,200 28.2 2.23 73 77.2 % 138,767,686 2.4 % 7,794,798,739 2
2025 189,580,526 1.08 % 1,982,065 -106,900 29.8 2.24 77 79.1 % 149,898,134 2.4 % 8,184,437,460 2
2030 198,571,322 0.93 % 1,798,159 -90,200 31.6 2.25 81 80.8 % 160,492,657 2.4 % 8,548,487,400 2
2035 206,587,982 0.79 % 1,603,332 -90,100 33.3 2.25 84 82.5 % 170,367,938 2.3 % 8,887,524,213 2
2040 213,441,466 0.65 % 1,370,697 -87,100 35.1 2.26 87 84.1 % 179,413,670 2.4 % 9,198,847,240 2
2045 219,101,877 0.52 % 1,132,082 -87,500 36.7 2.26 89 85.6 % 187,530,840 2.4 % 9,481,803,274 2
2050 223,566,851 0.4 % 892,995 -87,400 38.3 2.27 91 87.1 % 194,627,365 2.4 % 9,735,033,990 2
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
back to top ↑

Notes

The Central America Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Central America delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Central America (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the sub-region as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.

Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Central America, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Central America's Share of World Pop: Total population as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Latin America and the Caribbean: Position held by Central America in the list of all regions within Latin America and the Caribbean ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also

Enter your email below to receive Worldometers' latest news (free):