Central America Population (LIVE)

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Central America Population (1950 - 2023)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)

Countries in Central America

CountryPopulation (2023)
Mexico128,455,567
Guatemala18,092,026
Honduras10,593,798
Nicaragua7,046,310
El Salvador6,364,943
Costa Rica5,212,173
Panama4,468,087
Belize410,825
  • The current population of Central America is 182,164,323 as of Saturday, June 15, 2024, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Central America population is equivalent to 2.25% of the total world population.
  • Central America ranks number 2 in Latin America and the Caribbean among subregions ranked by Population.
  • The population density in Central America is 74 per Km2 (191 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,452,270 Km2 (946,826 sq. miles)
  • 0 % of the population is urban (0 people in 2023).
  • The median age in Central America is 0.0years.

Population of Central America (2023 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral America's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral America
Rank within
Latin America and the Caribbean
2023 180,643,728 nan % 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 72 0 % 0 2.2 % 7,840,952,880 2
2020 176,343,832 0.88 % 1,543,055 -67,331 25.8 2.20 72 78.7 % 138,767,686 2.3 % 7,840,952,880 2
2015 167,187,385 1.39 % 2,224,637 -198,400 25.5 2.25 68 76.1 % 127,304,303 2.4 % 7,426,597,537 2
2010 156,064,198 1.41 % 2,105,949 -155,100 23.8 2.46 64 74.1 % 115,705,357 2.4 % 6,985,603,105 2
2005 145,534,454 1.58 % 2,193,072 -484,900 22.3 2.66 59 71.6 % 104,263,961 2.4 % 6,558,176,119 2
2000 134,569,095 1.8 % 2,292,199 -554,800 20.9 2.95 55 70.4 % 94,800,624 2.3 % 6,148,898,975 2
1995 123,108,098 2.05 % 2,372,769 -465,700 19.6 3.30 50 69.2 % 85,138,899 2.3 % 5,743,219,454 2
1990 111,244,251 1.96 % 2,056,122 -391,000 18.3 3.72 45 67.1 % 74,614,825 2.3 % 5,316,175,862 2
1985 100,963,639 2.14 % 2,032,794 -684,300 17.2 4.30 41 64.4 % 64,973,333 2.3 % 4,861,730,613 2
1980 90,799,667 2.81 % 2,352,536 -373,800 16.3 4.94 37 61.5 % 55,870,190 2.2 % 4,444,007,706 2
1975 79,036,985 3.03 % 2,191,014 -201,900 15.7 5.81 32 58.8 % 46,484,880 2.1 % 4,069,437,231 2
1970 68,081,914 3.2 % 1,982,853 -179,400 15.2 6.48 28 55.2 % 37,570,564 2.0 % 3,695,390,336 2
1965 58,167,649 3.25 % 1,717,784 -96,100 15.3 6.79 24 32.4 % 18,863,054 1.9 % 3,337,111,983 2
1960 49,578,729 2.9 % 1,319,533 -103,500 15.7 6.79 20 48.2 % 23,884,391 1.8 % 3,019,233,434 2
1955 42,981,062 2.68 % 1,066,319 -152,700 16.2 6.75 18 43.9 % 18,863,054 1.7 % 2,746,072,141 2

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)

Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Central America Population Forecast

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral America's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral America
Rank within
Latin America and the Caribbean
2025 183,814,742 0.83 % 1,494,182 -84,800 29.2 1.87 75 81.5 % 149,898,134 2.3 % 8,191,988,453 2
2030 191,251,974 0.8 % 1,487,446 -87,200 31.3 1.83 78 83.9 % 160,492,657 2.3 % 8,546,141,327 2
2035 197,885,501 0.68 % 1,326,705 -87,800 33.3 1.80 81 86.1 % 170,367,938 2.2 % 8,879,397,401 2
2040 203,400,637 0.55 % 1,103,027 -88,200 35.2 1.77 83 88.2 % 179,413,670 2.3 % 9,188,250,492 2
2045 207,561,998 0.41 % 832,272 -87,500 37.1 1.75 85 90.3 % 187,530,840 2.3 % 9,467,543,575 2
2050 210,340,583 0.27 % 555,717 -87,400 39.0 1.74 86 92.5 % 194,627,365 2.2 % 9,709,491,761 2
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Notes

The Central America Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Central America delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Central America (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the sub-region as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.

Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Central America, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Central America's Share of World Pop: Total population as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Latin America and the Caribbean: Position held by Central America in the list of all regions within Latin America and the Caribbean ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also