Central Asia Population (LIVE)

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Central Asia Population (1950 - 2023)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)

Countries in Central Asia

CountryPopulation (2023)
Uzbekistan35,163,944
Kazakhstan19,606,633
Tajikistan10,143,543
Kyrgyzstan6,735,347
Turkmenistan6,516,100
  • The current population of Central Asia is 79,055,892 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
  • Central Asia population is equivalent to 0.97% of the total world population.
  • Central Asia ranks number 5 in Asia among subregions ranked by Population.
  • The population density in Central Asia is 20 per Km2 (52 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 3,926,790 Km2 (1,516,141 sq. miles)
  • 0 % of the population is urban (0 people in 2023).
  • The median age in Central Asia is 0.0years.

Population of Central Asia (2023 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral Asia's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral Asia
Rank within
Asia
2023 78,165,568 nan % 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19 0 % 0 1.0 % 7,840,952,880 5
2020 74,724,418 1.60 % 1,174,146 -74,008 25.3 2.83 19 47.8 % 35,681,394 1.0 % 7,840,952,880 5
2015 68,990,800 1.64 % 1,075,043 -90,700 25.2 2.78 18 47.9 % 33,056,520 1.0 % 7,426,597,537 5
2010 63,615,586 1.44 % 875,576 -93,100 23.9 2.69 16 47.6 % 30,303,556 1.0 % 6,985,603,105 5
2005 59,237,704 1.15 % 659,717 -73,800 22.7 2.54 15 46.4 % 27,488,774 1.0 % 6,558,176,119 5
2000 55,939,120 0.63 % 347,868 -154,500 21.5 2.65 14 45.3 % 25,366,414 1.0 % 6,148,898,975 5
1995 54,199,781 1.23 % 644,249 -516,900 20.6 3.27 14 44.6 % 24,174,511 1.0 % 5,743,219,454 5
1990 50,978,535 2.32 % 1,105,936 -259,800 20.5 3.80 13 44.6 % 22,756,131 1.0 % 5,316,175,862 5
1985 45,448,853 2.22 % 945,787 -66,400 20.3 4.15 12 45.7 % 20,749,768 1.0 % 4,861,730,613 5
1980 40,719,918 2.26 % 860,978 -41,600 19.6 4.31 10 45.8 % 18,659,188 1.0 % 4,444,007,706 5
1975 36,415,026 2.31 % 785,505 27,300 18.8 4.84 9 45.4 % 16,520,248 1.0 % 4,069,437,231 5
1970 32,487,500 2.96 % 881,841 79,600 18.5 5.14 8 43.9 % 14,274,089 1.0 % 3,695,390,336 5
1965 28,078,297 3.5 % 887,226 204,300 19.4 5.58 7 26 % 7,302,939 0.9 % 3,337,111,983 5
1960 23,642,167 3.28 % 705,561 127,700 21.6 5.63 6 40.2 % 9,501,070 0.9 % 3,019,233,434 5
1955 20,114,364 2.95 % 543,936 101,400 22.5 5.14 5 36.3 % 7,302,939 0.8 % 2,746,072,141 5

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)

Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Central Asia Population Forecast

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCentral Asia's
Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCentral Asia
Rank within
Asia
2025 80,351,454 1.46 % 1,125,407 -54,000 26.7 2.81 20 47.8 % 38,431,900 1.0 % 8,191,988,453 5
2030 85,333,015 1.21 % 996,312 -54,000 27.0 2.64 22 48.5 % 41,413,683 1.0 % 8,546,141,327 5
2035 90,066,864 1.09 % 946,770 -54,000 27.4 2.50 23 49.8 % 44,820,321 1.0 % 8,879,397,401 5
2040 94,842,523 1.04 % 955,132 -54,000 28.3 2.40 24 51.4 % 48,722,481 1.1 % 9,188,250,492 5
2045 99,647,988 0.99 % 961,093 -54,000 29.3 2.32 25 53.1 % 52,952,012 1.1 % 9,467,543,575 5
2050 104,094,807 0.88 % 889,364 -54,000 30.5 2.24 27 54.8 % 57,086,385 1.1 % 9,709,491,761 5
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Notes

The Central Asia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Central Asia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Central Asia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the sub-region as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.

Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period. A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the countries within Central Asia, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Central Asia's Share of World Pop: Total population as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Rank within Asia: Position held by Central Asia in the list of all regions within Asia ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

See also