Estonia Population (LIVE)

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Estonia Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Estonia is 1,325,986 as of Sunday, November 17, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Estonia 2019 population is estimated at 1,325,648 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Estonia population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.
  • Estonia ranks number 155 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Estonia is 31 per Km2 (81 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 42,390 Km2 (16,367 sq. miles)
  • 67.9 % of the population is urban (900,282 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Estonia is 41.7 years.

Population of Estonia (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEstonia
Global Rank
2019 1,325,648 0.21 % 2,728 3,911 41.7 1.59 31 67.9 % 900,282 0.02 % 7,713,468,100 155
2018 1,322,920 0.27 % 3,530 3,911 41.7 1.59 31 68.0 % 900,117 0.02 % 7,631,091,040 154
2017 1,319,390 0.22 % 2,880 3,911 41.7 1.59 31 68.2 % 899,945 0.02 % 7,547,858,925 154
2016 1,316,510 0.09 % 1,185 3,911 41.7 1.59 31 68.4 % 899,848 0.02 % 7,464,022,049 154
2015 1,315,325 -0.25 % -3,355 -2,103 41.6 1.59 31 68.4 % 899,890 0.02 % 7,379,797,139 154
2010 1,332,101 -0.35 % -4,709 -3,030 40.2 1.66 31 68.1 % 907,079 0.02 % 6,956,823,603 152
2005 1,355,648 -0.63 % -8,693 -3,681 39.4 1.39 32 68.7 % 931,800 0.02 % 6,541,907,027 150
2000 1,399,112 -0.48 % -6,782-239 38.0 1.33 33 69.4 % 970,541 0.02 % 6,143,493,823 148
1995 1,433,024 -1.75 % -26,444 -22,375 36.4 1.63 34 70.3 % 1,007,415 0.02 % 5,744,212,979 148
1990 1,565,246 0.56 % 8,569 3,099 34.4 2.20 37 71.2 % 1,114,930 0.03 % 5,327,231,061 146
1985 1,522,400 0.64 % 9,592 5,180 34.0 2.09 36 70.8 % 1,077,351 0.03 % 4,870,921,740 144
1980 1,474,439 0.73 % 10,479 6,102 33.9 2.06 35 69.7 % 1,027,844 0.03 % 4,458,003,514 142
1975 1,422,043 0.89 % 12,368 6,116 34.3 2.15 34 67.6 % 961,150 0.03 % 4,079,480,606 140
1970 1,360,202 1.06 % 13,961 8,241 33.8 2.02 32 64.9 % 883,407 0.04 % 3,700,437,046 137
1965 1,290,396 1.18 % 14,715 8,646 33.0 1.94 30 61.3 % 791,637 0.04 % 3,339,583,597 133
1960 1,216,819 0.97 % 11,518 5,380 32.2 1.99 29 57.5 % 700,072 0.04 % 3,034,949,748 134
1955 1,159,231 1.04 % 11,647 7,400 30.2 2.06 27 53.6 % 621,619 0.04 % 2,773,019,936 133
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Estonia Population Forecast

-1,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEstonia
Global Rank
2020 1,326,535 0.17 % 2,242 3,911 42.4 1.59 31 67.9 % 900,365 0.02 % 7,794,798,739 155
2025 1,306,651 -0.30 % -3,977 -1,000 43.6 1.59 31 68.8 % 899,102 0.02 % 8,184,437,460 156
2030 1,279,962 -0.41 % -5,338 -1,000 45.0 1.59 30 69.9 % 895,321 0.01 % 8,548,487,400 156
2035 1,249,350 -0.48 % -6,122 -1,000 46.8 1.59 29 71.4 % 891,420 0.01 % 8,887,524,213 159
2040 1,218,696 -0.50 % -6,131 -1,000 48.3 1.59 29 73.0 % 889,581 0.01 % 9,198,847,240 160
2045 1,188,919 -0.49 % -5,955 -1,000 49.1 1.59 28 74.7 % 888,618 0.01 % 9,481,803,274 161
2050 1,158,408 -0.52 % -6,102   48.2 1.59 27 76.4 % 885,226 0.01 % 9,735,033,990 162
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Estonia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Estonia
Life Expectancy
79.18 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
1.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
2.3
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
628,456 47.38% 698,083 52.62% 1,326,535 0.90

Population Pyramid for Estonia (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 112,644 51.47% 106,210 48.53% 218,854 16.50%
15-24 61,542 51.16% 58,761 48.84% 120,303 9.07%
25-54 279,662 51.55% 262,868 48.45% 542,530 40.90%
55-64 80,877 46.32% 93,716 53.68% 174,593 13.16%
65+ 93,731 34.68% 176,528 65.32% 270,259 20.37%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 218,854 16.50% 26.1
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 837,426 63.13% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 270,259 20.37% 32.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
489,113 36.87% 58.4

Main Cities by Population in Estonia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Tallinn 394,024
2 Tartu 101,092
3 Narva 66,980
4 Kohtla-Jaerve 46,060
5 Paernu 44,192
6 Viljandi 20,309
7 Rakvere 16,736
8 Sillamaee 16,672
9 Maardu 16,630

See also

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Notes

The Estonia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Estonia delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Estonia (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Estonia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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