Ethiopia Population (LIVE)

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Ethiopia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Ethiopia is 129,870,264 as of Monday, July 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Ethiopia 2023 population is estimated at 126,527,060 people at mid year.
  • Ethiopia population is equivalent to 1.57% of the total world population.
  • Ethiopia ranks number 11 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Ethiopia is 127 per Km2 (328 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,000,000 Km2 (386,102 sq. miles)
  • 22.1 % of the population is urban (27,959,894 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Ethiopia is 18.8 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Ethiopia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEthiopia
Global Rank
2024 129,719,719 2.52 % 3,192,659 -11,999 19.0 3.88 130 22.5 % 29,204,015 1.60 % 8,118,835,999 10
2023 126,527,060 2.55 % 3,147,136 -11,999 18.8 3.98 127 22.1 % 27,959,894 1.57 % 8,045,311,447 11
2022 123,379,924 2.57 % 3,096,898 -11,999 18.6 4.06 123 21.7 % 26,755,042 1.55 % 7,975,105,156 12
2020 117,190,911 2.69 % 3,070,317 38,867 18.3 4.24 117 20.9 % 24,463,423 1.49 % 7,840,952,880 12
2015 102,471,895 2.80 % 2,646,821 62,784 17.2 4.53 102 18.9 % 19,403,087 1.38 % 7,426,597,537 13
2010 89,237,791 2.87 % 2,353,570 80,213 16.1 5.22 89 17.0 % 15,189,140 1.28 % 6,985,603,105 13
2005 77,469,940 2.94 % 2,087,615 -44,423 15.4 5.97 77 15.5 % 12,046,373 1.18 % 6,558,176,119 16
2000 67,031,867 3.12 % 1,911,066-49,892 15.1 6.56 67 14.6 % 9,807,289 1.09 % 6,148,898,975 16
1995 57,476,536 3.72 % 1,919,693 91,538 15.3 7.01 57 13.8 % 7,924,483 1.00 % 5,743,219,454 20
1990 47,878,073 3.51 % 1,518,422 296,018 15.7 7.24 48 12.7 % 6,069,048 0.90 % 5,316,175,862 23
1985 40,285,965 2.89 % 1,068,099 157,474 16.0 7.38 40 11.6 % 4,673,050 0.83 % 4,861,730,613 24
1980 34,945,469 1.62 % 538,537 -903,529 16.0 7.33 35 10.5 % 3,671,221 0.79 % 4,444,007,706 26
1975 32,252,783 2.64 % 788,907 -42,567 16.4 7.14 32 9.6 % 3,080,708 0.79 % 4,069,437,231 26
1970 28,308,246 2.74 % 716,148 8,595 17.1 6.98 28 8.6 % 2,440,181 0.77 % 3,695,390,336 26
1965 24,727,506 2.61 % 597,559 16,349 17.4 6.86 25 7.7 % 1,897,839 0.74 % 3,337,111,983 25
1960 21,739,710 1.99 % 407,194 1,698 17.3 6.88 22 6.6 % 1,425,096 0.72 % 3,019,233,434 25
1955 19,703,738 2.16 % 398,757 -10,399 17.1 6.99 20 5.5 % 1,085,996 0.72 % 2,746,072,141 25
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Ethiopia Population Forecast

-11,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEthiopia
Global Rank
2025 132,938,555 2.55 % 3,149,529 -11,999 19.3 3.80 133 22.9 % 30,487,323 1.62 % 8,191,988,453 10
2030 149,296,378 2.35 % 3,271,565 -11,999 20.3 3.45 149 25.1 % 37,495,720 1.75 % 8,546,141,327 9
2035 165,715,492 2.11 % 3,283,823 -11,999 21.4 3.15 166 27.4 % 45,488,077 1.87 % 8,879,397,401 9
2040 182,052,579 1.90 % 3,267,417 -11,999 22.6 2.93 182 29.9 % 54,394,212 1.98 % 9,188,250,492 9
2045 198,485,649 1.74 % 3,286,614 -11,999 23.9 2.75 198 32.3 % 64,087,447 2.10 % 9,467,543,575 9
2050 214,812,309 1.59 % 3,265,332   25.4 2.59 215 34.7 % 74,536,815 2.21 % 9,709,491,761 9
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Ethiopia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Ethiopia
Life Expectancy
66.65 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
29.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
41.2
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Ethiopia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Addis Ababa 2,757,729
2 Dire Dawa 252,279
3 Mek'ele 215,546
4 Nazret 213,995
5 Bahir Dar 168,899
6 Gondar 153,914
7 Dese 136,056
8 Hawassa 133,097
9 Jimma 128,306
10 Bishoftu 104,215
11 Kombolcha 93,605
12 Harar 90,218
13 Sodo 86,050
14 Shashemene 85,871
15 Hosa'ina 75,963
16 Arba Minch 69,622
17 Adigrat 65,000
18 Debre Mark'os 59,920
19 Debre Birhan 57,787
20 Jijiga 56,821
21 Inda Silase 50,078
22 Ziway 49,416
23 Dila 47,021
24 Hagere Hiywet 43,920
25 Gambela 42,366
26 Axum 41,249
27 Waliso 38,394
28 Yirga `Alem 36,292
29 Mojo 34,547
30 Goba 34,369
31 Shakiso 34,078
32 Felege Neway 33,429
33 Areka 33,150
34 Boditi 32,997
35 Debre Tabor 32,659
36 Jinka 32,115
37 Gimbi 31,809
38 Asbe Teferi 30,772
39 Korem 30,633
40 Asosa 30,512
41 Butajira 30,502
42 Metu 29,648
43 Agaro 28,268
44 Kibre Mengist 27,854
45 Maych'ew 27,186
46 Werota 26,813
47 Dembi Dolo 26,748
48 Dubti 26,370
49 Fiche 25,758
50 K'olito 25,614
51 Mendi 25,239
52 Debark' 24,700
53 Tippi 24,169
54 Kemise 23,861
55 Asasa 23,790
56 Genet 23,753
57 Finote Selam 23,463
58 Metahara 23,403
59 Dodola 23,116
60 Addiet Canna 22,946
61 Adis Zemen 22,522
62 Hagere Maryam 22,105
63 Bure 22,038
64 Robit 20,679
65 Asaita 20,342
66 Bedele 20,293
67 Nejo 20,166
68 Sebeta 19,533
69 Bati 19,260
70 Bonga 18,973

See also

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Notes

The Ethiopia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Ethiopia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Ethiopia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Ethiopia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.