Ghana Population (LIVE)

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Ghana Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Ghana is 30,611,413 as of Friday, October 18, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Ghana 2019 population is estimated at 30,417,856 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Ghana population is equivalent to 0.39% of the total world population.
  • Ghana ranks number 46 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Ghana is 134 per Km2 (346 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 227,540 Km2 (87,854 sq. miles)
  • 56.1 % of the population is urban (17,067,171 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Ghana is 20.9 years.

Population of Ghana (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationGhana
Global Rank
2019 30,417,856 2.19 % 650,754 -10,000 20.9 4.12 134 56.1 % 17,067,171 0.39 % 7,713,468,100 46
2018 29,767,102 2.22 % 645,637 -10,000 20.9 4.12 131 55.5 % 16,517,220 0.39 % 7,631,091,040 46
2017 29,121,465 2.25 % 639,520 -10,000 20.9 4.12 128 54.9 % 15,975,765 0.39 % 7,547,858,925 47
2016 28,481,945 2.27 % 632,740 -10,000 20.9 4.12 125 54.2 % 15,442,824 0.38 % 7,464,022,049 47
2015 27,849,205 2.36 % 613,917 -10,000 20.7 4.18 122 53.6 % 14,918,455 0.38 % 7,379,797,139 47
2010 24,779,619 2.58 % 592,995 30,000 20.0 4.37 109 50.2 % 12,430,779 0.36 % 6,956,823,603 47
2005 21,814,642 2.50 % 507,157 5,000 19.2 4.64 96 46.7 % 10,191,110 0.33 % 6,541,907,027 49
2000 19,278,856 2.53 % 452,960-25,400 18.5 5.02 85 43.2 % 8,319,630 0.31 % 6,143,493,823 50
1995 17,014,057 2.86 % 448,156 -3,200 18.1 5.34 75 39.5 % 6,727,643 0.30 % 5,744,212,979 52
1990 14,773,277 2.94 % 397,933 -8,000 17.6 5.88 65 36.1 % 5,330,699 0.28 % 5,327,231,061 53
1985 12,783,613 2.95 % 345,499 -2,468 17.1 6.35 56 32.7 % 4,183,103 0.26 % 4,870,921,740 53
1980 11,056,116 2.06 % 214,034 -91,968 16.4 6.69 49 30.4 % 3,366,222 0.25 % 4,458,003,514 55
1975 9,985,946 2.71 % 250,090 -28,600 16.5 6.90 44 29.6 % 2,954,226 0.24 % 4,079,480,606 57
1970 8,735,495 2.45 % 199,204 -52,027 16.8 6.95 38 28.5 % 2,489,533 0.24 % 3,700,437,046 59
1965 7,739,473 3.13 % 220,849 6,000 17.7 6.84 34 26.0 % 2,009,926 0.23 % 3,339,583,597 66
1960 6,635,230 2.97 % 180,927 12,001 17.8 6.64 29 23.3 % 1,546,791 0.22 % 3,034,949,748 66
1955 5,730,594 2.62 % 138,890 12,000 17.6 6.44 25 18.9 % 1,084,305 0.21 % 2,773,019,936 66
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Ghana Population Forecast

-10,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationGhana
Global Rank
2020 31,072,940 2.21 % 644,747 -10,000 21.5 3.89 137 56.7 % 17,625,567 0.40 % 7,794,798,739 47
2025 34,408,768 2.06 % 667,166 -10,000 22.3 3.89 151 59.7 % 20,539,206 0.42 % 8,184,437,460 47
2030 37,833,419 1.92 % 684,930 -10,000 23.1 3.89 166 62.5 % 23,640,801 0.44 % 8,548,487,400 43
2035 41,331,551 1.78 % 699,626 -10,000 24.0 3.89 182 65.1 % 26,911,789 0.47 % 8,887,524,213 42
2040 44,882,714 1.66 % 710,233 -10,000 25.0 3.89 197 67.6 % 30,318,570 0.49 % 9,198,847,240 40
2045 48,460,553 1.55 % 715,568 -10,000 26.0 3.89 213 69.9 % 33,877,647 0.51 % 9,481,803,274 40
2050 52,016,125 1.43 % 711,114   26.9 3.89 229 72.1 % 37,518,298 0.53 % 9,735,033,990 39
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Ghana Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Ghana
Life Expectancy
64.94 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
30.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
44.7
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
15,749,999 50.69% 15,322,946 49.31% 31,072,940 1.03

Population Pyramid for Ghana (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 5,890,642 51.06% 5,647,100 48.94% 11,537,742 37.13%
15-24 3,065,379 51.11% 2,931,807 48.89% 5,997,186 19.30%
25-54 5,558,364 50.77% 5,390,819 49.23% 10,949,183 35.24%
55-64 787,327 48.81% 825,704 51.19% 1,613,031 5.19%
65+ 448,287 45.94% 527,516 54.06% 975,803 3.14%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 11,537,742 37.13% 62.2
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 18,559,400 59.73% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 975,803 3.14% 5.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
12,513,545 40.27% 67.4

Main Cities by Population in Ghana

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Accra 1,963,264
2 Kumasi 1,468,609
3 Tamale 360,579
4 Takoradi 232,919
5 Atsiaman 202,932
6 Tema 155,782
7 Teshi Old Town 144,013
8 Cape Coast 143,015
9 Sekondi-Takoradi 138,872
10 Obuase 137,856
11 Medina Estates 101,207
12 Koforidua 96,266
13 Japekrom 96,000
14 Wa 78,107
15 Ejura 70,807
16 Nungua 70,483
17 Sunyani 70,299
18 Ho 69,998
19 Techiman 69,720
20 Aflao 66,546
21 Berekum 62,364
22 Akim Oda 60,604
23 Bawku 56,830
24 Hohoe 56,202
25 Bolgatanga 54,430
26 Tafo 50,457
27 Swedru 50,293
28 Suhum 49,398
29 Dome 47,260
30 Kintampo 47,185
31 Gbawe 44,645
32 Nsawam 44,522
33 Winneba 44,254
34 Kasoa 44,227
35 Yendi 42,972
36 Mampong 42,037
37 Konongo 41,238
38 Asamankese 39,435
39 Prestea 35,155
40 Tarkwa 34,941
41 Dunkwa 33,379
42 Agogo 31,554
43 Wenchi 31,411
44 Anloga 29,748
45 Begoro 29,516
46 Savelugu 29,310
47 Kpandu 28,334
48 Elmina 25,560
49 Salaga 25,472
50 Navrongo 25,470
51 Saltpond 24,689
52 Axim 24,500
53 Akwatia 23,766
54 Shama Junction 20,946
55 Apam 20,147
56 Foso 20,078
57 Bibiani 19,076
58 Aburi 18,399
59 Keta 18,077
60 Duayaw Nkwanta 17,000
60 Bechem 17,000

See also

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Notes

The Ghana Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Ghana delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Ghana (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Ghana in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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