Mongolia Population (LIVE)

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Mongolia Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Mongolia is 3,248,698 as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Mongolia 2019 population is estimated at 3,225,167 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Mongolia population is equivalent to 0.04% of the total world population.
  • Mongolia ranks number 136 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Mongolia is 2 per Km2 (5 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,553,560 Km2 (599,833 sq. miles)
  • 67.3 % of the population is urban (2,170,247 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Mongolia is 27.3 years.

Population of Mongolia (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMongolia
Global Rank
2019 3,225,167 1.73 % 54,951 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.3 % 2,170,247 0.04 % 7,713,468,100 136
2018 3,170,216 1.81 % 56,430 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.4 % 2,136,710 0.04 % 7,631,091,040 136
2017 3,113,786 1.88 % 57,422 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.5 % 2,102,610 0.04 % 7,547,858,925 137
2016 3,056,364 1.93 % 57,925 -852 27.3 2.85 2 67.6 % 2,067,613 0.04 % 7,464,022,049 137
2015 2,998,439 1.97 % 55,709 -852 27.1 2.84 2 67.7 % 2,031,123 0.04 % 7,379,797,139 137
2010 2,719,896 1.49 % 38,694 -2,200 25.7 2.40 2 67.4 % 1,832,856 0.04 % 6,956,823,603 141
2005 2,526,424 1.05 % 25,801 -3,000 24.0 2.08 2 62.5 % 1,578,882 0.04 % 6,541,907,027 139
2000 2,397,418 0.85 % 19,880-10,493 22.0 2.40 2 57.1 % 1,369,725 0.04 % 6,143,493,823 138
1995 2,298,020 1.02 % 22,775 -17,686 20.3 3.27 1 56.8 % 1,305,410 0.04 % 5,744,212,979 138
1990 2,184,145 2.59 % 52,453 0 19.3 4.84 1 57.0 % 1,245,674 0.04 % 5,327,231,061 136
1985 1,921,881 2.61 % 46,452 0 18.5 5.75 1 55.0 % 1,057,810 0.04 % 4,870,921,740 139
1980 1,689,622 2.69 % 41,994 0 17.8 6.65 1 52.1 % 880,007 0.04 % 4,458,003,514 139
1975 1,479,651 2.96 % 40,165 0 17.5 7.50 1 48.7 % 719,938 0.04 % 4,079,480,606 139
1970 1,278,825 2.93 % 34,340 0 18.3 7.50 1 45.1 % 576,139 0.03 % 3,700,437,046 140
1965 1,107,124 2.99 % 30,324 0 20.4 7.50 1 42.1 % 466,259 0.03 % 3,339,583,597 140
1960 955,505 2.25 % 20,080 0 23.0 6.30 1 35.7 % 340,919 0.03 % 3,034,949,748 140
1955 855,103 1.85 % 14,981 0 24.3 5.60 1 26.6 % 227,618 0.03 % 2,773,019,936 140
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Mongolia Population Forecast

-852
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMongolia
Global Rank
2020 3,278,290 1.80 % 55,970 -852 28.2 2.90 2 67.2 % 2,203,469 0.04 % 7,794,798,739 136
2025 3,513,907 1.40 % 47,123 -852 29.0 2.90 2 67.2 % 2,362,934 0.04 % 8,184,437,460 135
2030 3,716,210 1.13 % 40,461 -852 29.2 2.90 2 67.7 % 2,514,445 0.04 % 8,548,487,400 134
2035 3,904,133 0.99 % 37,585 -852 29.2 2.90 3 68.3 % 2,666,400 0.04 % 8,887,524,213 131
2040 4,089,203 0.93 % 37,014 -852 30.0 2.90 3 69.1 % 2,827,310 0.04 % 9,198,847,240 131
2045 4,272,631 0.88 % 36,686 -852 31.4 2.90 3 70.2 % 2,998,412 0.05 % 9,481,803,274 132
2050 4,448,930 0.81 % 35,260   32.7 2.90 3 71.2 % 3,167,269 0.05 % 9,735,033,990 132
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Mongolia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Mongolia
Life Expectancy
70.53 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
14.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
18.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
1,615,039 49.26% 1,663,253 50.74% 3,278,290 0.97

Population Pyramid for Mongolia (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 515,849 50.61% 503,467 49.39% 1,019,316 31.09%
15-24 225,199 50.37% 221,902 49.63% 447,101 13.64%
25-54 706,903 49.53% 720,297 50.47% 1,427,200 43.53%
55-64 108,994 44.80% 134,310 55.20% 243,304 7.42%
65+ 58,094 41.09% 83,277 58.91% 141,371 4.31%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 1,019,316 31.09% 48.1
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 2,117,605 64.59% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 141,371 4.31% 6.7
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
1,160,687 35.41% 54.8

Main Cities by Population in Mongolia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Ulan Bator 844,818
2 Erdenet 79,647
3 Darhan 74,300
4 Khovd 30,500
5 OElgii 28,400
6 Ulaangom 28,085
7 Hovd 27,924
8 Murun-kuren 27,690
9 Bayanhongor 26,252
10 Arvayheer 25,622
11 Suhbaatar 24,235
12 Bayanhongor 23,234
13 Saynshand 19,891
14 Dzuunharaa 18,830
15 Zuunmod 17,630
16 Bulgan 17,348
17 Uliastay 16,240
18 Baruun-Urt 15,805
19 Altai 15,800
20 Mandalgovi 15,430
21 Dalandzadgad 15,093

See also

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Notes

The Mongolia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Mongolia delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Mongolia (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Mongolia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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