Mongolia Population (LIVE)

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Mongolia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Mongolia is 3,484,593 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Mongolia 2023 population is estimated at 3,447,157 people at mid year.
  • Mongolia population is equivalent to 0.04% of the total world population.
  • Mongolia ranks number 133 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Mongolia is 2 per Km2 (6 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,553,560 Km2 (599,833 sq. miles)
  • 66.7 % of the population is urban (2,300,479 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Mongolia is 27.0 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Mongolia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMongolia
Global Rank
2024 3,493,629 1.35 % 46,472 -850 27.1 2.67 2 66.7 % 2,331,884 0.04 % 8,118,835,999 133
2023 3,447,157 1.44 % 48,791 -850 27.0 2.72 2 66.7 % 2,300,479 0.04 % 8,045,311,447 133
2022 3,398,366 1.51 % 50,584 -850 26.9 2.77 2 66.8 % 2,268,638 0.04 % 7,975,105,156 134
2020 3,294,335 1.92 % 61,905 0 26.7 2.90 2 66.9 % 2,203,469 0.04 % 7,840,952,880 135
2015 2,964,749 1.87 % 52,446 3,932 25.8 3.01 2 68.5 % 2,031,123 0.04 % 7,426,597,537 137
2010 2,702,520 1.10 % 28,653 -8,592 24.4 2.51 2 67.8 % 1,832,856 0.04 % 6,985,603,105 141
2005 2,559,255 0.87 % 21,655 -8,663 22.7 2.03 2 61.7 % 1,578,882 0.04 % 6,558,176,119 139
2000 2,450,979 1.01 % 24,129-10,833 20.7 2.26 2 55.9 % 1,369,725 0.04 % 6,148,898,975 138
1995 2,330,334 1.52 % 33,780 -8,617 19.0 2.79 1 56.0 % 1,305,410 0.04 % 5,743,219,454 138
1990 2,161,433 2.40 % 48,338 -11,026 17.9 4.23 1 57.6 % 1,245,674 0.04 % 5,316,175,862 136
1985 1,919,744 2.49 % 44,393 -793 17.4 5.27 1 55.1 % 1,057,810 0.04 % 4,861,730,613 138
1980 1,697,780 2.70 % 42,418 -1,493 16.6 6.26 1 51.8 % 880,007 0.04 % 4,444,007,706 138
1975 1,485,691 2.80 % 38,362 5,435 16.0 7.13 1 48.5 % 719,938 0.04 % 4,069,437,231 138
1970 1,293,880 2.67 % 31,962 2,151 16.4 7.46 1 44.5 % 576,139 0.04 % 3,695,390,336 139
1965 1,134,072 3.01 % 31,234 4,822 19.3 7.48 1 41.1 % 466,259 0.03 % 3,337,111,983 140
1960 977,903 2.96 % 26,581 13,410 21.7 6.83 1 34.9 % 340,919 0.03 % 3,019,233,434 140
1955 844,997 1.58 % 12,747 0 22.4 6.06 1 26.9 % 227,618 0.03 % 2,746,072,141 140
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Mongolia Population Forecast

-850
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMongolia
Global Rank
2025 3,537,947 1.44 % 48,722 -850 27.3 2.61 2 66.8 % 2,362,934 0.04 % 8,191,988,453 133
2030 3,736,327 1.10 % 39,676 -850 27.9 2.42 2 67.3 % 2,514,445 0.04 % 8,546,141,327 132
2035 3,925,745 0.99 % 37,884 -850 28.2 2.27 3 67.9 % 2,666,400 0.04 % 8,879,397,401 131
2040 4,127,814 1.01 % 40,414 -850 29.3 2.17 3 68.5 % 2,827,310 0.04 % 9,188,250,492 131
2045 4,332,667 0.97 % 40,971 -850 31.0 2.09 3 69.2 % 2,998,412 0.05 % 9,467,543,575 132
2050 4,518,856 0.85 % 37,238   32.9 2.03 3 70.1 % 3,167,269 0.05 % 9,709,491,761 132
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Mongolia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Mongolia
Life Expectancy
72.94 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
8.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
10.0
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Mongolia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Ulan Bator 844,818
2 Erdenet 79,647
3 Darhan 74,300
4 Khovd 30,500
5 OElgii 28,400
6 Ulaangom 28,085
7 Hovd 27,924
8 Murun-kuren 27,690
9 Bayanhongor 26,252
10 Arvayheer 25,622
11 Suhbaatar 24,235
12 Bayanhongor 23,234
13 Saynshand 19,891
14 Dzuunharaa 18,830
15 Zuunmod 17,630
16 Bulgan 17,348
17 Uliastay 16,240
18 Baruun-Urt 15,805
19 Altai 15,800
20 Mandalgovi 15,430
21 Dalandzadgad 15,093

See also

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Notes

The Mongolia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Mongolia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Mongolia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Mongolia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.