Sao Tome & Principe Population (LIVE)

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Sao Tome & Principe Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Sao Tome and Principe is 235,490 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Sao Tome and Principe 2023 population is estimated at 231,856 people at mid year.
  • Sao Tome and Principe population is equivalent to 0% of the total world population.
  • Sao Tome and Principe ranks number 187 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Sao Tome and Principe is 242 per Km2 (626 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 960 Km2 (371 sq. miles)
  • 76.6 % of the population is urban (177,512 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Sao Tome and Principe is 18.7 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Sao Tome and Principe (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSao Tome and Principe
Global Rank
2024 236,381 1.95 % 4,525 -600 19.0 3.62 246 77.3 % 182,727 0.00 % 8,118,835,999 187
2023 231,856 1.97 % 4,476 -600 18.7 3.68 242 76.6 % 177,512 0.00 % 8,045,311,447 187
2022 227,380 1.92 % 4,273 -600 18.6 3.75 237 75.8 % 172,334 0.00 % 7,975,105,156 187
2020 218,641 1.88 % 4,042 0 18.2 3.89 228 74.1 % 162,101 0.00 % 7,840,952,880 187
2015 201,124 2.00 % 3,797 -1,800 17.7 4.39 210 68.2 % 137,228 0.00 % 7,426,597,537 188
2010 182,138 2.41 % 4,092 -1,527 17.7 4.73 190 62.3 % 113,520 0.00 % 6,985,603,105 188
2005 161,680 2.38 % 3,593 -1,023 17.4 4.96 168 57.0 % 92,078 0.00 % 6,558,176,119 190
2000 143,714 1.55 % 2,127-2,512 16.7 5.18 150 51.5 % 74,049 0.00 % 6,148,898,975 190
1995 133,077 2.03 % 2,547 -1,494 15.9 5.49 139 46.2 % 61,496 0.00 % 5,743,219,454 190
1990 120,343 2.45 % 2,747 -724 16.0 5.83 125 41.3 % 49,713 0.00 % 5,316,175,862 189
1985 106,607 1.86 % 1,879 -821 16.1 6.10 111 37.0 % 39,432 0.00 % 4,861,730,613 190
1980 97,210 2.47 % 2,235 -775 16.2 6.39 101 32.7 % 31,791 0.00 % 4,444,007,706 190
1975 86,037 2.09 % 1,691 -396 16.0 6.53 90 30.4 % 26,136 0.00 % 4,069,437,231 191
1970 77,583 1.58 % 1,171 -283 15.7 6.47 81 28.3 % 21,918 0.00 % 3,695,390,336 191
1965 71,730 1.06 % 738 -784 19.8 6.35 75 19.7 % 14,147 0.00 % 3,337,111,983 187
1960 68,038 0.82 % 548 -1,158 23.2 6.24 71 15.2 % 10,327 0.00 % 3,019,233,434 188
1955 65,300 1.38 % 865 -502 22.9 6.18 68 13.3 % 8,661 0.00 % 2,746,072,141 187
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Sao Tome and Principe Population Forecast

-600
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSao Tome and Principe
Global Rank
2025 240,979 1.96 % 4,468 -600 19.2 3.56 251 78.0 % 187,994 0.00 % 8,191,988,453 187
2030 265,036 1.92 % 4,811 -600 20.4 3.30 276 81.1 % 214,863 0.00 % 8,546,141,327 187
2035 290,575 1.86 % 5,108 -600 21.5 3.09 303 83.3 % 242,018 0.00 % 8,879,397,401 186
2040 316,692 1.74 % 5,223 -600 22.6 2.90 330 84.9 % 268,937 0.00 % 9,188,250,492 186
2045 342,154 1.56 % 5,092 -600 23.5 2.75 356 86.6 % 296,248 0.00 % 9,467,543,575 186
2050 366,663 1.39 % 4,902   24.4 2.63 382 88.3 % 323,753 0.00 % 9,709,491,761 183
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Sao Tome and Principe Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Sao Tome and Principe
Life Expectancy
68.89 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
12.4
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
15.0
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Sao Tome and Principe

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Sao Tome 53,300

See also

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Notes

The Sao Tome and Principe Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Sao Tome and Principe delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Sao Tome and Principe (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Sao Tome and Principe in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.