Eswatini (Swaziland) Population (LIVE)

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Eswatini Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of the Kingdom of Eswatini is 1,219,906 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Eswatini 2023 population is estimated at 1,210,822 people at mid year.
  • Eswatini population is equivalent to 0.02% of the total world population.
  • Eswatini ranks number 159 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Eswatini is 70 per Km2 (182 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 17,200 Km2 (6,641 sq. miles)
  • 30.9 % of the population is urban (374,223 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Eswatini is 21.7 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Eswatini (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEswatini
Global Rank
2024 1,222,075 0.93 % 11,253 -4,869 21.9 2.71 71 31.4 % 383,335 0.02 % 8,118,835,999 159
2023 1,210,822 0.76 % 9,152 -5,268 21.7 2.75 70 30.9 % 374,223 0.02 % 8,045,311,447 159
2022 1,201,670 0.79 % 9,399 -5,733 21.6 2.79 70 30.4 % 365,285 0.02 % 7,975,105,156 159
2020 1,180,655 0.94 % 11,042 -4,897 21.3 2.89 69 29.5 % 347,895 0.02 % 7,840,952,880 159
2015 1,133,936 0.61 % 6,803 -10,464 19.8 3.12 66 27.1 % 307,330 0.02 % 7,426,597,537 159
2010 1,099,920 0.52 % 5,607 -10,467 18.4 3.36 64 24.6 % 270,400 0.02 % 6,985,603,105 157
2005 1,071,886 0.79 % 8,278 -8,000 17.3 3.68 62 22.7 % 243,713 0.02 % 6,558,176,119 154
2000 1,030,496 1.56 % 15,385-6,689 16.2 4.00 60 23.4 % 240,805 0.02 % 6,148,898,975 154
1995 953,573 2.23 % 19,912 -2,501 15.0 4.49 55 22.5 % 214,125 0.02 % 5,743,219,454 154
1990 854,011 3.99 % 30,322 7,169 14.9 5.25 50 20.4 % 174,011 0.02 % 5,316,175,862 154
1985 702,400 3.25 % 20,767 1,790 14.2 6.17 41 18.3 % 128,791 0.01 % 4,861,730,613 157
1980 598,564 3.27 % 17,806 -2,808 14.3 6.54 35 16.6 % 99,425 0.01 % 4,444,007,706 158
1975 509,535 2.84 % 13,334 -3,224 14.6 6.75 30 14.2 % 72,406 0.01 % 4,069,437,231 160
1970 442,865 2.66 % 10,910 -3,059 14.9 6.76 26 9.8 % 43,260 0.01 % 3,695,390,336 159
1965 388,317 2.39 % 8,650 -1,582 14.8 6.82 23 6.5 % 25,428 0.01 % 3,337,111,983 158
1960 345,065 2.36 % 7,597 -2,082 15.3 6.75 20 4.0 % 13,664 0.01 % 3,019,233,434 158
1955 307,078 2.48 % 7,087 -1,340 16.3 6.68 18 2.5 % 7,761 0.01 % 2,746,072,141 158
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Eswatini Population Forecast

2,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEswatini
Global Rank
2025 1,234,858 0.90 % 10,841 -4,465 22.1 2.68 72 31.8 % 392,638 0.02 % 8,191,988,453 159
2030 1,305,985 1.13 % 14,225 -203 23.2 2.52 76 33.9 % 442,183 0.02 % 8,546,141,327 157
2035 1,397,706 1.37 % 18,344 2,000 24.6 2.37 81 35.6 % 497,913 0.02 % 8,879,397,401 156
2040 1,489,771 1.28 % 18,413 2,000 26.1 2.26 87 37.7 % 561,097 0.02 % 9,188,250,492 156
2045 1,576,301 1.14 % 17,306 2,000 27.5 2.17 92 40.0 % 630,518 0.02 % 9,467,543,575 154
2050 1,655,121 0.98 % 15,764   28.8 2.09 96 42.5 % 703,038 0.02 % 9,709,491,761 154
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Eswatini Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Eswatini
Life Expectancy
57.71 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
38.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
51.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Eswatini

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Manzini 110,537
2 Mbabane 76,218

See also

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Notes

The Eswatini Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of the Kingdom of Eswatini delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Eswatini (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Eswatini in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.