Turkey Population (LIVE)

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Turkey Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Turkey is 86,113,606 as of Saturday, March 2, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Turkey 2023 population is estimated at 85,816,199 people at mid year.
  • Turkey population is equivalent to 1.07% of the total world population.
  • Turkey ranks number 18 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Turkey is 112 per Km2 (289 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 769,630 Km2 (297,156 sq. miles)
  • 77.1 % of the population is urban (66,156,581 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Turkey is 31.8 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Turkey (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationTurkey
Global Rank
2024 86,260,417 0.52 % 444,218 -303,414 32.2 1.85 112 77.4 % 66,795,292 1.06 % 8,118,835,999 18
2023 85,816,199 0.56 % 474,958 -318,067 31.8 1.86 112 77.1 % 66,156,581 1.07 % 8,045,311,447 18
2022 85,341,241 0.67 % 565,837 -301,586 31.3 1.88 111 76.7 % 65,482,895 1.07 % 7,975,105,156 18
2020 84,135,428 0.78 % 653,744 -80,952 30.6 1.92 109 75.8 % 63,803,445 1.07 % 7,840,952,880 18
2015 79,646,178 1.70 % 1,290,167 341,261 28.8 2.19 103 72.3 % 57,616,730 1.07 % 7,426,597,537 18
2010 73,195,345 1.27 % 898,126 69,638 27.1 2.14 95 70.0 % 51,225,748 1.05 % 6,985,603,105 18
2005 68,704,715 1.39 % 918,234 -23,548 25.3 2.22 89 67.0 % 46,065,593 1.05 % 6,558,176,119 18
2000 64,113,547 1.57 % 961,611-77,647 23.6 2.51 83 63.9 % 40,942,328 1.04 % 6,148,898,975 18
1995 59,305,490 1.77 % 996,270 -81,045 22.2 2.79 77 61.3 % 36,333,494 1.03 % 5,743,219,454 18
1990 54,324,142 2.01 % 1,029,694 -22,662 20.8 3.13 71 58.8 % 31,923,032 1.02 % 5,316,175,862 21
1985 49,175,673 2.21 % 1,017,321 8,961 19.5 3.76 64 52.4 % 25,769,960 1.01 % 4,861,730,613 21
1980 44,089,069 2.13 % 883,096 -126,640 18.6 4.43 57 43.7 % 19,252,765 0.99 % 4,444,007,706 20
1975 39,673,590 2.22 % 826,520 -193,902 18.1 5.07 52 41.2 % 16,333,819 0.97 % 4,069,437,231 20
1970 35,540,990 2.53 % 833,291 -90,600 17.2 5.63 46 37.5 % 13,334,557 0.96 % 3,695,390,336 20
1965 31,374,536 2.66 % 772,711 -71,560 17.9 6.03 41 33.8 % 10,601,023 0.94 % 3,337,111,983 21
1960 27,510,980 2.92 % 737,925 -15,052 18.4 6.38 36 31.5 % 8,657,857 0.91 % 3,019,233,434 21
1955 23,821,353 2.58 % 568,731 -78,624 18.7 6.46 31 29.1 % 6,929,929 0.87 % 2,746,072,141 21
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Turkey Population Forecast

-59,996
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationTurkey
Global Rank
2025 86,696,476 0.60 % 512,210 -277,549 32.6 1.85 113 77.8 % 67,446,349 1.06 % 8,191,988,453 18
2030 88,879,698 0.50 % 436,644 -131,282 34.8 1.81 115 79.8 % 70,951,437 1.04 % 8,546,141,327 18
2035 91,121,385 0.50 % 448,337 -59,259 36.8 1.78 118 81.7 % 74,480,809 1.03 % 8,879,397,401 19
2040 93,057,500 0.42 % 387,223 -59,996 38.5 1.76 121 83.3 % 77,516,798 1.01 % 9,188,250,492 19
2045 94,679,255 0.35 % 324,351 -59,996 39.9 1.75 123 84.6 % 80,097,582 1.00 % 9,467,543,575 19
2050 95,829,258 0.24 % 230,001   41.1 1.74 125 85.8 % 82,192,061 0.99 % 9,709,491,761 19
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Turkey Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Turkey
Life Expectancy
78.68 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
7.5
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
8.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Turkey

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Istanbul 14,804,116
2 Ankara 3,517,182
3 Izmir 2,500,603
4 Bursa 1,412,701
5 Adana 1,248,988
6 Gaziantep 1,065,975
7 Konya 875,530
8 Cankaya 792,189
9 Antalya 758,188
10 Bagcilar 724,270
11 Diyarbakir 644,763
12 Kayseri 592,840
13 UEskuedar 582,666
14 Bahcelievler 576,799
15 Umraniye 573,265
16 Mersin 537,842
17 Esenler 520,235
18 Eskisehir 514,869
19 Karabaglar 458,000
20 Muratpasa 450,000
21 Sanliurfa 449,549
22 Malatya 441,805
23 Sultangazi 436,935
24 Maltepe 427,040
25 Erzurum 420,691
26 Samsun 394,050
27 Batman 381,990
28 Kahramanmaras 376,045
29 Van 371,713
30 Atasehir 361,615
31 Sisli 314,684
32 Denizli 313,238
33 Batikent 300,000
34 Elazig 298,004
35 Zeytinburnu 288,743
36 Adapazari 286,787
37 Sultanbeyli 286,622
38 Gebze 281,436
39 Merkezefendi 280,341
40 Sivas 264,022
41 Tarsus 256,482
42 Trabzon 244,083
43 Manisa 243,971
44 Sancaktepe 241,000
45 Balikesir 238,151
46 Adiyaman 223,744
47 Esenyurt 211,330
48 Kirikkale 211,138
49 Antakya 210,000
50 Osmaniye 202,837
51 Corlu 202,578
52 Arnavutkoey 198,165
53 Izmit 196,571
54 Basaksehir 193,750
55 Kutahya 185,008
56 Corum 183,418
57 Siverek 175,341
58 Isparta 172,334
59 Bueyuekcekmece 163,140
60 Aydin 163,022
61 Iskenderun 159,965
62 Viransehir 154,163
63 Usak 152,862
64 Aksaray 152,201
65 Kiziltepe 150,174
66 Afyonkarahisar 146,136
67 Inegol 133,959
68 Tokat 129,702
69 Edirne 126,470
70 Derince 125,485

See also

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Notes

The Turkey Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Turkey delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Turkey (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Turkey in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.