China, Hong Kong SAR Demographics

Population of China, Hong Kong SAR (2020)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of China, Hong Kong SAR

Hong Kong Population
7,496,981
Yearly Change
+ 0.82%
Global Share
0.1%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Hong Kong

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in China, Hong Kong SAR (2020)

Females
54.1%
(4,057,322)
Males
45.9%
(3,439,666)
group Sex Ratio
0.85
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 500,114 52.64% 449,937 47.36% 950,051 12.67%
15-24 326,698 50.96% 314,451 49.04% 641,149 8.55%
25-54 1,390,573 41.97% 1,922,887 58.03% 3,313,460 44.20%
55-64 587,225 47.82% 640,889 52.18% 1,228,114 16.38%
65+ 635,056 46.55% 729,158 53.45% 1,364,214 18.20%

Hong Kong Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 188,529 52.00% 174,034 48.00% 362,563 4.84%
5-9 160,585 53.24% 141,047 46.76% 301,632 4.02%
10-14 151,000 52.82% 134,856 47.18% 285,856 3.81%
15-19 137,802 51.65% 129,001 48.35% 266,803 3.56%
20-24 188,896 50.46% 185,450 49.54% 374,346 4.99%
25-29 227,407 46.10% 265,876 53.90% 493,283 6.58%
30-34 227,369 42.39% 308,973 57.61% 536,342 7.15%
35-39 231,608 39.54% 354,215 60.46% 585,823 7.81%
40-44 225,688 39.91% 339,874 60.09% 565,562 7.54%
45-49 233,295 41.40% 330,273 58.60% 563,568 7.52%
50-54 245,206 43.10% 323,676 56.90% 568,882 7.59%
55-59 295,025 46.17% 343,999 53.83% 639,024 8.52%
60-64 292,200 49.60% 296,890 50.40% 589,090 7.86%
65-69 223,730 48.66% 236,061 51.34% 459,791 6.13%
70-74 168,060 48.84% 176,067 51.16% 344,127 4.59%
75-79 89,258 49.33% 91,699 50.67% 180,957 2.41%
80-84 81,401 45.78% 96,422 54.22% 177,823 2.37%
85-89 47,987 40.12% 71,633 59.88% 119,620 1.60%
90-94 19,833 33.13% 40,026 66.87% 59,859 0.80%
95-99 4,226 22.87% 14,250 77.13% 18,476 0.25%
100+ 561 15.75% 3,000 84.25% 3,561 0.05%

Median Age

The median age in China, Hong Kong SAR is 43.5 years (2019).

Hong Kong Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 950,051 12.67% 18.3
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 5,182,723 69.13% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 1,364,214 18.20% 26.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
2,314,265 30.87% 44.7
Potential Support Ratio
3.80
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Hong Kong

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
1.3
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Hong Kong

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
85.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
88.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
82.4 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Hong Kong

Infant Mortality
1.2
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
1.9
(per 1,000 live births)

China, Hong Kong SAR Urban Population

Currently, 100% of the population of Hong Kong is urban (7,436,154 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in China, Hong Kong SAR is 7082 people per Km2 (18,342 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 1,050 Km2 (405 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Hong Kong

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Hong Kong 7,012,738
2 Kowloon 2,019,533
3 Tsuen Wan 288,728

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.