Indonesia Demographics

Population of Indonesia (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Indonesia

Indonesia Population
Yearly Change
+ 0.74%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Indonesia is 29.9 years (2023).

Fertility in Indonesia

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Indonesia

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
71.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
73.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
69.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Indonesia

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Indonesia Urban Population

Currently, 59.1 % of the population of Indonesia is urban (163,963,233 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Indonesia is 153 people per Km2 (397 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 1,811,570 Km2 (699,451 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Indonesia

1 Jakarta 8,540,121
2 Surabaya 2,374,658
3 Medan 1,750,971
4 Bandung 1,699,719
5 Bekasi 1,520,119
6 Palembang 1,441,500
7 Tangerang 1,372,124
8 Makassar 1,321,717
9 South Tangerang 1,303,569
10 Semarang 1,288,084
11 Depok 1,198,129
12 Batam 1,164,352
13 Padang 840,352
14 Denpasar 834,881
15 Bandar Lampung 800,348
16 Bogor 800,000
17 Malang 746,716
18 Pekanbaru 703,956
19 City of Balikpapan 700,000
20 Yogyakarta 636,660
21 Situbondo 600,000
22 Banjarmasin 572,837
23 Surakarta 555,308
24 Cimahi 493,698
25 Pontianak 455,173
26 Manado 451,893
27 Balikpapan 433,866
28 Jambi City 420,323
29 Ambon 355,596
30 Samarinda 355,160

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.