Indonesia Demographics

Population of Indonesia (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Indonesia

Indonesia Population
270,625,568
Yearly Change
+ 1.10%
Global Share
3.51%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Indonesia

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Indonesia (2020)

Females
49.7%
(135,805,760)
Males
50.3%
(137,717,861)
group Sex Ratio
1.01
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 36,313,890 51.19% 34,627,215 48.81% 70,941,105 25.94%
15-24 23,633,814 51.41% 22,337,802 48.59% 45,971,616 16.81%
25-54 58,256,119 50.27% 57,630,366 49.73% 115,886,485 42.37%
55-64 11,689,546 49.54% 11,905,417 50.46% 23,594,963 8.63%
65+ 7,824,492 45.68% 9,304,960 54.32% 17,129,452 6.26%

Indonesia Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 12,092,736 51.11% 11,565,560 48.89% 23,658,296 8.65%
5-9 12,411,280 51.08% 11,886,870 48.92% 24,298,150 8.88%
10-14 11,809,874 51.38% 11,174,785 48.62% 22,984,659 8.40%
15-19 12,008,052 51.50% 11,310,294 48.50% 23,318,346 8.53%
20-24 11,625,762 51.32% 11,027,508 48.68% 22,653,270 8.28%
25-29 10,640,126 50.87% 10,278,030 49.13% 20,918,156 7.65%
30-34 9,955,229 49.84% 10,018,019 50.16% 19,973,248 7.30%
35-39 10,590,213 49.97% 10,603,161 50.03% 21,193,374 7.75%
40-44 9,893,522 50.27% 9,787,218 49.73% 19,680,740 7.20%
45-49 9,169,094 50.47% 8,996,891 49.53% 18,165,985 6.64%
50-54 8,007,935 50.19% 7,947,047 49.81% 15,954,982 5.83%
55-59 6,540,189 49.55% 6,659,928 50.45% 13,200,117 4.83%
60-64 5,149,357 49.54% 5,245,489 50.46% 10,394,846 3.80%
65-69 3,560,471 49.89% 3,575,894 50.11% 7,136,365 2.61%
70-74 2,092,055 45.31% 2,525,488 54.69% 4,617,543 1.69%
75-79 1,271,922 43.01% 1,685,010 56.99% 2,956,932 1.08%
80-84 629,423 38.58% 1,002,254 61.42% 1,631,677 0.60%
85-89 208,338 35.12% 384,796 64.88% 593,134 0.22%
90-94 55,562 32.88% 113,431 67.12% 168,993 0.06%
95-99 6,347 27.30% 16,898 72.70% 23,245 0.01%
100+ 374 23.93% 1,189 76.07% 1,563 0.00%

Median Age

The median age in Indonesia is 28.8 years (2019).

Indonesia Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 70,941,105 25.94% 38.3
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 185,453,064 67.80% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 17,129,452 6.26% 9.2
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
88,070,557 32.20% 47.5
Potential Support Ratio
10.83
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Indonesia

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
2.3
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Indonesia

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
72.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
74.6 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
70.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Indonesia

Infant Mortality
15.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
21.0
(per 1,000 live births)

Indonesia Urban Population

Currently, 55.8 % of the population of Indonesia is urban (150,900,390 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Indonesia is 149 people per Km2 (387 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 1,811,570 Km2 (699,451 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Indonesia

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Jakarta 8,540,121
2 Surabaya 2,374,658
3 Medan 1,750,971
4 Bandung 1,699,719
5 Bekasi 1,520,119
6 Palembang 1,441,500
7 Tangerang 1,372,124
8 Makassar 1,321,717
9 South Tangerang 1,303,569
10 Semarang 1,288,084
11 Depok 1,198,129
12 Batam 1,164,352
13 Padang 840,352
14 Denpasar 834,881
15 Bandar Lampung 800,348
16 Bogor 800,000
17 Malang 746,716
18 Pekanbaru 703,956
19 City of Balikpapan 700,000
20 Yogyakarta 636,660
21 Situbondo 600,000
22 Banjarmasin 572,837
23 Surakarta 555,308
24 Cimahi 493,698
25 Pontianak 455,173
26 Manado 451,893
27 Balikpapan 433,866
28 Jambi City 420,323
29 Ambon 355,596
30 Samarinda 355,160

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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