Lesotho Demographics

Population of Lesotho (2020)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Lesotho

Lesotho Population
2,142,249
Yearly Change
+ 0.80%
Global Share
0.03%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Lesotho

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Lesotho (2020)

Females
50.7%
(1,085,302)
Males
49.3%
(1,056,950)
group Sex Ratio
0.97
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 345,650 50.05% 344,969 49.95% 690,619 32.24%
15-24 211,267 50.20% 209,606 49.80% 420,873 19.65%
25-54 410,898 51.14% 392,602 48.86% 803,500 37.51%
55-64 51,201 42.23% 70,041 57.77% 121,242 5.66%
65+ 37,934 35.78% 68,084 64.22% 106,018 4.95%

Lesotho Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 127,621 50.34% 125,892 49.66% 253,513 11.83%
5-9 112,635 50.01% 112,600 49.99% 225,235 10.51%
10-14 105,394 49.74% 106,477 50.26% 211,871 9.89%
15-19 108,485 50.00% 108,465 50.00% 216,950 10.13%
20-24 102,782 50.40% 101,141 49.60% 203,923 9.52%
25-29 96,776 50.60% 94,493 49.40% 191,269 8.93%
30-34 90,607 51.85% 84,139 48.15% 174,746 8.16%
35-39 80,767 52.95% 71,768 47.05% 152,535 7.12%
40-44 63,047 52.77% 56,426 47.23% 119,473 5.58%
45-49 45,385 50.00% 45,393 50.00% 90,778 4.24%
50-54 34,316 45.94% 40,383 54.06% 74,699 3.49%
55-59 28,707 43.45% 37,365 56.55% 66,072 3.08%
60-64 22,494 40.77% 32,676 59.23% 55,170 2.58%
65-69 16,281 39.10% 25,362 60.90% 41,643 1.94%
70-74 11,490 38.70% 18,198 61.30% 29,688 1.39%
75-79 6,428 34.52% 12,193 65.48% 18,621 0.87%
80-84 2,770 26.86% 7,544 73.14% 10,314 0.48%
85-89 833 18.26% 3,729 81.74% 4,562 0.21%
90-94 122 11.46% 943 88.54% 1,065 0.05%
95-99 9 7.89% 105 92.11% 114 0.01%
100+ 1 9.09% 10 90.91% 11 0.00%

Median Age

The median age in Lesotho is 23.2 years (2019).

Lesotho Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 690,619 32.24% 51.3
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 1,345,615 62.81% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 106,018 4.95% 7.9
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
796,637 37.19% 59.2
Potential Support Ratio
12.69
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Lesotho

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
3.2
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Lesotho

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
55.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
58.9 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
52.5 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Lesotho

Infant Mortality
50.5
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
71.2
(per 1,000 live births)

Lesotho Urban Population

Currently, 30.8 % of the population of Lesotho is urban (655,374 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Lesotho is 70 people per Km2 (181 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 30,360 Km2 (11,722 sq. miles).

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.