Pakistan Demographics

Population of Pakistan (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Pakistan

Pakistan Population
Yearly Change
+ 1.98%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Pakistan is 20.6 years (2023).

Fertility in Pakistan

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Pakistan

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
67.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
69.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
65.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Pakistan

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Pakistan Urban Population

Currently, 34.7 % of the population of Pakistan is urban (83,500,516 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Pakistan is 312 people per Km2 (808 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 770,880 Km2 (297,638 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Pakistan

1 Karachi 11,624,219
2 Lahore 6,310,888
3 Faisalabad 2,506,595
4 Rawalpindi 1,743,101
5 Multan 1,437,230
6 Hyderabad 1,386,330
7 Gujranwala 1,384,471
8 Peshawar 1,218,773
9 Rahim Yar Khan 788,915
10 Quetta 733,675
11 Muzaffarabad 725,000
12 Battagram 700,000
13 Kotli 640,000
14 Islamabad 601,600
15 Bahawalpur 552,607
16 Sargodha 542,603
17 Sialkot 477,396
18 Sukkur 417,767
19 Larkana 364,033
20 Shekhupura 361,303
21 Bhimbar 342,900
22 Jhang Sadr 341,210
23 Gujrat 301,506
24 Mardan 300,424
25 Malir Cantonment 300,000
26 Kasur 290,643
27 Mingora 279,914
28 Dera Ghazi Khan 236,093
29 Sahiwal 235,695
30 Nawabshah 229,504

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.