Countries in the EU by population (2020)

The European Union has 28 member countries. Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures.

# Country (or dependency) Population
(2020)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Germany 83,783,942 0.32 % 266,897 240 348,560 543,822 1.6 46 76 % 1.07 %
2 United Kingdom 67,886,011 0.53 % 355,839 281 241,930 260,650 1.8 40 83 % 0.87 %
3 France 65,273,511 0.22 % 143,783 119 547,557 36,527 1.9 42 82 % 0.84 %
4 Italy 60,461,826 -0.15 % -88,249 206 294,140 148,943 1.3 47 69 % 0.78 %
5 Spain 46,754,778 0.04 % 18,002 94 498,800 40,000 1.3 45 80 % 0.60 %
6 Poland 37,846,611 -0.11 % -41,157 124 306,230 -29,395 1.4 42 60 % 0.49 %
7 Romania 19,237,691 -0.66 % -126,866 84 230,170 -73,999 1.6 43 55 % 0.25 %
8 Netherlands 17,134,872 0.22 % 37,742 508 33,720 16,000 1.7 43 92 % 0.22 %
9 Belgium 11,589,623 0.44 % 50,295 383 30,280 48,000 1.7 42 98 % 0.15 %
10 Czech Republic (Czechia) 10,708,981 0.18 % 19,772 139 77,240 22,011 1.6 43 74 % 0.14 %
11 Greece 10,423,054 -0.48 % -50,401 81 128,900 -16,000 1.3 46 85 % 0.13 %
12 Portugal 10,196,709 -0.29 % -29,478 111 91,590 -6,000 1.3 46 66 % 0.13 %
13 Sweden 10,099,265 0.63 % 62,886 25 410,340 40,000 1.9 41 88 % 0.13 %
14 Hungary 9,660,351 -0.25 % -24,328 107 90,530 6,000 1.5 43 72 % 0.12 %
15 Austria 9,006,398 0.57 % 51,296 109 82,409 65,000 1.5 43 57 % 0.12 %
16 Bulgaria 6,948,445 -0.74 % -51,674 64 108,560 -4,800 1.6 45 76 % 0.09 %
17 Denmark 5,792,202 0.35 % 20,326 137 42,430 15,200 1.8 42 88 % 0.07 %
18 Finland 5,540,720 0.15 % 8,564 18 303,890 14,000 1.5 43 86 % 0.07 %
19 Slovakia 5,459,642 0.05 % 2,629 114 48,088 1,485 1.5 41 54 % 0.07 %
20 Ireland 4,937,786 1.13 % 55,291 72 68,890 23,604 1.8 38 63 % 0.06 %
21 Croatia 4,105,267 -0.61 % -25,037 73 55,960 -8,001 1.4 44 58 % 0.05 %
22 Lithuania 2,722,289 -1.35 % -37,338 43 62,674 -32,780 1.7 45 71 % 0.03 %
23 Slovenia 2,078,938 0.01 % 284 103 20,140 2,000 1.6 45 55 % 0.03 %
24 Latvia 1,886,198 -1.08 % -20,545 30 62,200 -14,837 1.7 44 69 % 0.02 %
25 Estonia 1,326,535 0.07 % 887 31 42,390 3,911 1.6 42 68 % 0.02 %
26 Cyprus 1,207,359 0.73 % 8,784 131 9,240 5,000 1.3 37 67 % 0.02 %
27 Luxembourg 625,978 1.66 % 10,249 242 2,590 9,741 1.5 40 88 % 0.01 %
28 Malta 441,543 0.27 % 1,171 1,380 320 900 1.5 43 93 % 0.01 %

Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).