Countries in the EU by population (2019)

The European Union has 28 member countries. Click on each country to view current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures.

# Country (or dependency) Population
(2019)
Yearly
Change
Net
Change
Density
(P/Km²)
Land Area
(Km²)
Migrants
(net)
Fert.
Rate
Med.
Age
Urban
Pop %
World
Share
1 Germany 83,517,045 0.47 % 392,627 240 348,560 543,822 1.6 46 76 % 1.08 %
2 United Kingdom 67,530,172 0.58 % 388,488 279 241,930 260,650 1.8 40 83 % 0.88 %
3 France 65,129,728 0.21 % 139,217 119 547,557 36,527 1.9 42 81 % 0.84 %
4 Italy 60,550,075 -0.13 % -77,216 206 294,140 148,943 1.3 47 69 % 0.78 %
5 Spain 46,736,776 0.09 % 43,918 94 498,800 40,000 1.3 45 80 % 0.61 %
6 Poland 37,887,768 -0.09 % -33,824 124 306,230 -29,395 1.4 42 60 % 0.49 %
7 Romania 19,364,557 -0.73 % -141,557 84 230,170 -73,999 1.6 43 54 % 0.25 %
8 Netherlands 17,097,130 0.22 % 37,570 507 33,720 16,000 1.7 43 92 % 0.22 %
9 Belgium 11,539,328 0.50 % 57,150 381 30,280 48,000 1.7 42 98 % 0.15 %
10 Czech Republic (Czechia) 10,689,209 0.22 % 23,532 138 77,240 22,011 1.6 43 74 % 0.14 %
11 Greece 10,473,455 -0.46 % -48,791 81 128,900 -16,000 1.3 46 84 % 0.14 %
12 Portugal 10,226,187 -0.29 % -30,006 112 91,590 -6,000 1.3 46 66 % 0.13 %
13 Sweden 10,036,379 0.65 % 64,741 24 410,340 40,000 1.9 41 88 % 0.13 %
14 Hungary 9,684,679 -0.24 % -22,820 107 90,530 6,000 1.5 43 71 % 0.13 %
15 Austria 8,955,102 0.72 % 63,714 109 82,409 65,000 1.5 43 57 % 0.12 %
16 Bulgaria 7,000,119 -0.73 % -51,489 64 108,560 -4,800 1.6 45 75 % 0.09 %
17 Denmark 5,771,876 0.34 % 19,750 136 42,430 15,200 1.8 42 88 % 0.07 %
18 Finland 5,532,156 0.17 % 9,580 18 303,890 14,000 1.5 43 86 % 0.07 %
19 Slovakia 5,457,013 0.07 % 3,999 113 48,088 1,485 1.5 41 54 % 0.07 %
20 Ireland 4,882,495 1.32 % 63,805 71 68,890 23,604 1.8 38 63 % 0.06 %
21 Croatia 4,130,304 -0.63 % -26,101 74 55,960 -8,001 1.4 44 57 % 0.05 %
22 Lithuania 2,759,627 -1.49 % -41,637 44 62,674 -32,780 1.7 45 70 % 0.04 %
23 Slovenia 2,078,654 0.04 % 817 103 20,140 2,000 1.6 45 55 % 0.03 %
24 Latvia 1,906,743 -1.13 % -21,716 31 62,200 -14,837 1.7 44 68 % 0.02 %
25 Estonia 1,325,648 0.21 % 2,728 31 42,390 3,911 1.6 42 68 % 0.02 %
26 Cyprus 1,198,575 0.78 % 9,310 130 9,240 5,000 1.3 37 67 % 0.02 %
27 Luxembourg 615,729 1.90 % 11,484 238 2,590 9,741 1.5 40 88 % 0.01 %
28 Malta 440,372 0.26 % 1,124 1,376 320 900 1.5 43 93 % 0.01 %

Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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