Romania Population (LIVE)

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Romania Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Romania is 19,307,716 as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Romania 2019 population is estimated at 19,364,557 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Romania population is equivalent to 0.25% of the total world population.
  • Romania ranks number 61 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Romania is 84 per Km2 (218 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 230,170 Km2 (88,869 sq. miles)
  • 54.4 % of the population is urban (10,537,319 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Romania is 41.6 years.

Population of Romania (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRomania
Global Rank
2019 19,364,557 -0.73 % -141,557 -73,999 41.6 1.53 84 54.4 % 10,537,319 0.25 % 7,713,468,100 61
2018 19,506,114 -0.75 % -147,855 -73,999 41.6 1.53 85 54.2 % 10,573,098 0.26 % 7,631,091,040 60
2017 19,653,969 -0.72 % -142,316 -73,999 41.6 1.53 85 54.0 % 10,614,303 0.26 % 7,547,858,925 59
2016 19,796,285 -0.65 % -128,890 -73,999 41.6 1.53 86 53.9 % 10,660,311 0.27 % 7,464,022,049 59
2015 19,925,175 -0.54 % -109,338 -60,000 41.3 1.51 87 53.8 % 10,711,013 0.27 % 7,379,797,139 59
2010 20,471,864 -0.90 % -189,085 -154,930 39.4 1.51 89 53.7 % 11,002,831 0.29 % 6,956,823,603 57
2005 21,417,291 -0.66 % -144,026 -93,641 37.1 1.29 93 53.2 % 11,395,702 0.33 % 6,541,907,027 50
2000 22,137,419 -0.73 % -165,467-116,156 34.9 1.32 96 53.0 % 11,728,886 0.36 % 6,143,493,823 46
1995 22,964,754 -0.45 % -104,881 -104,000 33.9 1.51 100 53.8 % 12,348,124 0.40 % 5,744,212,979 39
1990 23,489,160 0.36 % 83,577 -40,000 32.6 2.27 102 53.2 % 12,500,412 0.44 % 5,327,231,061 37
1985 23,071,274 0.40 % 91,127 -40,000 31.6 2.22 100 49.7 % 11,468,899 0.47 % 4,870,921,740 33
1980 22,615,639 0.86 % 189,999 -20,000 30.4 2.55 98 46.1 % 10,417,222 0.51 % 4,458,003,514 33
1975 21,665,643 1.06 % 223,346 -400 30.2 2.65 94 42.8 % 9,279,580 0.53 % 4,079,480,606 33
1970 20,548,911 1.18 % 233,869 -400 30.6 2.87 89 40.3 % 8,285,095 0.56 % 3,700,437,046 32
1965 19,379,568 0.81 % 153,126 -400 29.9 2.10 84 37.7 % 7,305,565 0.58 % 3,339,583,597 29
1960 18,613,939 1.26 % 226,001 -400 28.3 2.74 81 34.2 % 6,367,667 0.61 % 3,034,949,748 29
1955 17,483,935 1.49 % 249,528 -400 27.2 3.06 76 30.6 % 5,353,421 0.63 % 2,773,019,936 29
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Romania Population Forecast

-8,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRomania
Global Rank
2020 19,237,691 -0.70 % -137,497 -73,999 43.2 1.62 84 54.6 % 10,507,365 0.25 % 7,794,798,739 61
2025 18,772,912 -0.49 % -92,956 -15,000 44.8 1.62 82 55.6 % 10,431,178 0.23 % 8,184,437,460 67
2030 18,306,101 -0.50 % -93,362 -8,000 45.5 1.62 80 57.1 % 10,456,337 0.21 % 8,548,487,400 72
2035 17,814,660 -0.54 % -98,288 -8,000 46.7 1.62 77 59.2 % 10,553,645 0.20 % 8,887,524,213 74
2040 17,306,600 -0.58 % -101,612 -8,000 47.5 1.62 75 61.9 % 10,706,441 0.19 % 9,198,847,240 78
2045 16,786,453 -0.61 % -104,029 -8,000 47.5 1.62 73 64.6 % 10,844,374 0.18 % 9,481,803,274 79
2050 16,259,787 -0.64 % -105,333   47.4 1.62 71 67.2 % 10,932,389 0.17 % 9,735,033,990 79
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Romania Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Romania
Life Expectancy
76.50 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
5.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
6.9
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
9,353,912 48.62% 9,883,770 51.38% 19,237,691 0.95

Population Pyramid for Romania (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 1,534,331 51.39% 1,451,477 48.61% 2,985,808 15.52%
15-24 1,033,832 51.58% 970,590 48.42% 2,004,422 10.42%
25-54 4,202,997 51.16% 4,011,906 48.84% 8,214,903 42.70%
55-64 1,101,714 47.22% 1,231,256 52.78% 2,332,970 12.13%
65+ 1,481,038 40.03% 2,218,541 59.97% 3,699,579 19.23%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 2,985,808 15.52% 23.8
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 12,552,295 65.25% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 3,699,579 19.23% 29.5
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
6,685,387 34.75% 53.3

Main Cities by Population in Romania

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Bucharest 1,877,155
2 Sector 3 385,439
3 Sector 6 367,760
4 Sector 2 345,370
5 Iasi 318,012
6 Cluj-Napoca 316,748
7 Timisoara 315,053
8 Craiova 304,142
9 Constanta 303,399
10 Galati 294,087
11 Sector 4 287,828
12 Brasov 276,088
13 Sector 5 271,575
14 Ploiesti 228,851
15 Sector 1 225,453
16 Braila 213,569
17 Oradea 206,614
18 Bacau 171,396
19 Arad 169,065
20 Pitesti 167,669
21 Sibiu 151,894
22 Targu-Mures 146,863
23 Baia Mare 136,553
24 Buzau 130,954
25 Botosani 114,783
26 Satu Mare 112,490
27 Ramnicu Valcea 107,558
28 Suceava 105,796
29 Piatra Neamt 102,688
30 Drobeta-Turnu Severin 102,346
31 Targu Jiu 97,179
32 Tulcea 92,475
33 Targoviste 88,435
34 Bistrita 81,318
35 Resita 81,228
36 Slatina 78,988
37 Focsani 77,313
38 Vaslui 69,225
39 Hunedoara 69,136
40 Giurgiu 69,067
41 Roman 67,819
42 Barlad 67,818
43 Deva 67,802
44 Alba Iulia 66,085
45 Zalau 63,232
46 Sfantu Gheorghe 60,677
47 Turda 54,586
48 Medias 53,040
49 Slobozia 52,710
50 Alexandria 49,346
51 Pascani 45,000
52 Petrosani 44,187
53 Medgidia 43,315
54 Lugoj 43,243
55 Campina 41,554
56 Miercurea-Ciuc 41,282
57 Tecuci 41,154
58 Sighetu Marmatiei 40,653
59 Mangalia 39,619
60 Ramnicu Sarat 38,526
61 Dej 38,033
62 Odorheiu Secuiesc 36,532
63 Reghin-Sat 35,490
64 Sighisoara 34,537
65 Caracal 33,761
66 Navodari 33,106
67 Fetesti 32,866
68 Curtea de Arges 32,178
69 Dorohoi 30,776
70 Fagaras 30,714

See also

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Notes

The Romania Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Romania delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Romania (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Romania in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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