Canada Population (LIVE)

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Canada Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Canada is 37,509,492 as of Friday, October 18, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Canada 2019 population is estimated at 37,411,047 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Canada population is equivalent to 0.49% of the total world population.
  • Canada ranks number 39 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Canada is 4 per Km2 (11 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 9,093,510 Km2 (3,511,022 sq. miles)
  • 81.2 % of the population is urban (30,376,281 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Canada is 40.5 years.

Population of Canada (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCanada
Global Rank
2019 37,411,047 0.91 % 336,485 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.2 % 30,376,281 0.49 % 7,713,468,100 39
2018 37,074,562 0.93 % 342,467 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.1 % 30,084,496 0.49 % 7,631,091,040 39
2017 36,732,095 0.96 % 349,151 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.1 % 29,793,946 0.49 % 7,547,858,925 38
2016 36,382,944 0.99 % 356,268 242,032 40.5 1.59 4 81.1 % 29,503,542 0.49 % 7,464,022,049 38
2015 36,026,676 1.08 % 375,822 248,283 40.4 1.60 4 81.1 % 29,212,401 0.49 % 7,379,797,139 37
2010 34,147,564 1.20 % 396,651 265,286 39.6 1.64 4 81.0 % 27,655,231 0.49 % 6,956,823,603 36
2005 32,164,309 1.01 % 315,185 210,403 38.6 1.52 4 80.4 % 25,869,853 0.49 % 6,541,907,027 35
2000 30,588,383 0.96 % 284,846156,707 36.8 1.56 3 79.9 % 24,428,073 0.50 % 6,143,493,823 35
1995 29,164,152 1.15 % 324,567 138,111 34.8 1.69 3 78.1 % 22,782,132 0.51 % 5,744,212,979 33
1990 27,541,319 1.36 % 359,302 171,843 32.9 1.62 3 77.0 % 21,207,473 0.52 % 5,327,231,061 32
1985 25,744,810 1.06 % 265,585 74,788 31.0 1.63 3 76.7 % 19,755,707 0.53 % 4,870,921,740 32
1980 24,416,886 1.15 % 271,524 84,127 29.2 1.73 3 76.0 % 18,565,807 0.55 % 4,458,003,514 32
1975 23,059,265 1.53 % 336,988 151,621 27.5 1.98 3 75.9 % 17,508,653 0.57 % 4,079,480,606 31
1970 21,374,326 1.72 % 349,269 122,223 26.1 2.61 2 75.9 % 16,229,750 0.58 % 3,700,437,046 31
1965 19,627,980 1.92 % 356,115 35,738 25.5 3.68 2 73.2 % 14,362,464 0.59 % 3,339,583,597 30
1960 17,847,405 2.63 % 434,728 112,960 26.5 3.88 2 69.3 % 12,373,883 0.59 % 3,034,949,748 30
1955 15,673,763 2.68 % 388,072 111,156 27.3 3.65 2 66.0 % 10,340,832 0.57 % 2,773,019,936 30
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Canada Population Forecast

253,632
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationCanada
Global Rank
2020 37,742,154 0.93 % 343,096 242,032 41.1 1.53 4 81.3 % 30,670,064 0.48 % 7,794,798,739 39
2025 39,326,966 0.83 % 316,962 234,814 42.1 1.53 4 81.8 % 32,164,167 0.48 % 8,184,437,460 38
2030 40,833,727 0.75 % 301,352 242,454 43.0 1.53 4 82.4 % 33,662,820 0.48 % 8,548,487,400 39
2035 42,238,715 0.68 % 280,998 252,714 43.9 1.53 5 83.1 % 35,120,468 0.48 % 8,887,524,213 40
2040 43,486,278 0.58 % 249,513 252,645 44.8 1.53 5 84.0 % 36,540,219 0.47 % 9,198,847,240 43
2045 44,611,365 0.51 % 225,017 253,052 45.4 1.53 5 85.0 % 37,921,907 0.47 % 9,481,803,274 46
2050 45,669,441 0.47 % 211,615   45.5 1.53 5 85.9 % 39,233,850 0.47 % 9,735,033,990 45
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Canada Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Canada
Life Expectancy
82.96 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
3.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
4.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
18,732,178 49.63% 19,009,979 50.37% 37,742,154 0.99

Population Pyramid for Canada (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 3,046,920 51.18% 2,907,002 48.82% 5,953,922 15.78%
15-24 2,225,514 51.14% 2,126,274 48.86% 4,351,788 11.53%
25-54 7,657,275 50.11% 7,624,680 49.89% 15,281,955 40.49%
55-64 2,656,013 49.91% 2,665,505 50.09% 5,321,518 14.10%
65+ 3,146,456 46.05% 3,686,518 53.95% 6,832,974 18.10%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 5,953,922 15.78% 23.9
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 24,955,261 66.12% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 6,832,974 18.10% 27.4
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
12,786,896 33.88% 51.2

Main Cities by Population in Canada

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Toronto 2,600,000
2 Montreal 1,600,000
3 Calgary 1,019,942
4 Ottawa 812,129
5 Edmonton 712,391
6 Mississauga 668,549
7 North York 636,000
8 Winnipeg 632,063
9 Scarborough 600,000
9 Vancouver 600,000
10 Quebec 528,595
11 Hamilton 519,949
12 Brampton 433,806
13 Surrey 394,976
14 Laval 376,845
15 Halifax 359,111
16 Etobicoke 347,948
17 London 346,765
18 Okanagan 297,601
19 Victoria 289,625
20 Windsor 278,013
21 Markham 261,573
22 Oshawa 247,989
23 Gatineau 242,124
24 Vaughan 238,866
25 Kitchener 233,700
26 Longueuil 229,330
27 Burnaby 202,799
28 Ladner 200,000
29 Saskatoon 198,958
30 Richmond Hill 185,541
31 Barrie 182,041
32 Richmond 182,000
33 Nepean 180,000
34 Regina 176,183
35 Oakville 165,697
36 Burlington 164,415
37 Greater Sudbury 157,857
38 Abbotsford 151,683
39 Saguenay 143,692
40 St. Catharines 131,989
41 Sherbrooke 129,447
42 Anmore 126,456
43 Levis 126,396
44 Kelowna 125,109
45 Cambridge 120,372
46 Trois-Rivieres 119,693
47 Guelph 115,760
48 East York 115,365
49 Coquitlam 114,565
50 Kingston 114,195
51 Sydney 105,968
52 Delta 101,668
53 Dartmouth 101,343
54 Thunder Bay 99,334
55 St. John's 99,182
56 Waterloo 97,475
57 Terrebonne 94,703
58 Ajax 90,167
59 Saint John 87,857
60 Pickering 87,838
61 Brantford 87,759
62 Moncton 87,467
63 Nanaimo 84,905
64 Milton 84,362
65 Sarnia 82,998
66 Niagara Falls 82,000
67 Willowdale 79,440
68 Saint-Laurent 77,391
69 Chilliwack 77,000

See also

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Notes

The Canada Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Canada delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Canada (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Canada in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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