Eritrea Population (LIVE)

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Eritrea Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Eritrea is 3,518,982 as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Eritrea 2019 population is estimated at 3,497,117 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Eritrea population is equivalent to 0.05% of the total world population.
  • Eritrea ranks number 133 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Eritrea is 35 per Km2 (90 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 101,000 Km2 (38,996 sq. miles)
  • 61.8 % of the population is urban (2,161,646 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Eritrea is 19.2 years.

Population of Eritrea (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEritrea
Global Rank
2019 3,497,117 1.28 % 44,331 -39,858 19.2 4.30 35 61.8 % 2,161,646 0.05 % 7,713,468,100 133
2018 3,452,786 1.17 % 39,893 -39,858 19.2 4.30 34 60.2 % 2,079,314 0.05 % 7,631,091,040 133
2017 3,412,893 1.08 % 36,336 -39,858 19.2 4.30 34 58.6 % 1,999,721 0.05 % 7,547,858,925 134
2016 3,376,557 1.01 % 33,739 -39,858 19.2 4.30 33 57.0 % 1,923,728 0.05 % 7,464,022,049 135
2015 3,342,818 1.06 % 34,477 -49,200 19.2 4.35 33 55.4 % 1,851,851 0.05 % 7,379,797,139 136
2010 3,170,435 2.32 % 68,755 -16,002 19.8 4.80 31 48.7 % 1,544,485 0.05 % 6,956,823,603 134
2005 2,826,659 4.28 % 106,849 45,458 19.1 5.10 28 43.7 % 1,234,323 0.04 % 6,541,907,027 137
2000 2,292,416 0.79 % 17,639-26,000 16.6 5.60 23 39.3 % 902,054 0.04 % 6,143,493,823 140
1995 2,204,222 -0.49 % -10,886 -62,954 15.6 6.30 22 31.6 % 695,721 0.04 % 5,744,212,979 140
1990 2,258,653 2.42 % 50,943 -8,000 17.4 6.60 22 26.1 % 588,576 0.04 % 5,327,231,061 135
1985 2,003,937 2.94 % 54,104 2,000 17.7 6.70 20 21.6 % 433,816 0.04 % 4,870,921,740 136
1980 1,733,416 2.86 % 45,595 2,000 17.8 6.62 17 19.8 % 343,289 0.04 % 4,458,003,514 138
1975 1,505,439 2.81 % 38,899 2,000 17.9 6.62 15 18.6 % 280,493 0.04 % 4,079,480,606 138
1970 1,310,945 2.69 % 32,551 1,000 18.1 6.70 13 17.5 % 229,718 0.04 % 3,700,437,046 139
1965 1,148,189 2.65 % 28,120 1,399 18.2 6.82 11 15.9 % 182,223 0.03 % 3,339,583,597 139
1960 1,007,590 2.29 % 21,568 600 18.0 6.97 10 13.6 % 136,944 0.03 % 3,034,949,748 139
1955 899,752 1.82 % 15,480 199 17.8 6.97 9 11.6 % 104,318 0.03 % 2,773,019,936 139
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Eritrea Population Forecast

-7,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEritrea
Global Rank
2020 3,546,421 1.19 % 40,721 -39,858 19.2 4.10 35 63.3 % 2,246,038 0.05 % 7,794,798,739 133
2025 3,865,963 1.74 % 63,908 -16,000 19.9 4.10 38 69.8 % 2,698,752 0.05 % 8,184,437,460 133
2030 4,240,213 1.87 % 74,850 -10,000 21.5 4.10 42 75.7 % 3,210,132 0.05 % 8,548,487,400 130
2035 4,664,362 1.93 % 84,830 -7,000 22.8 4.10 46 81.1 % 3,781,931 0.05 % 8,887,524,213 130
2040 5,113,555 1.86 % 89,839 -7,000 23.9 4.10 51 86.2 % 4,406,917 0.06 % 9,198,847,240 130
2045 5,566,811 1.71 % 90,651 -7,000 24.9 4.10 55 91.2 % 5,076,734 0.06 % 9,481,803,274 128
2050 6,005,490 1.53 % 87,736   26.0 4.10 59 96.2 % 5,776,366 0.06 % 9,735,033,990 122
Source: Worldometers (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Eritrea Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Eritrea
Life Expectancy
67.48 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
27.0
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
34.6
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
1,777,548 50.12% 1,768,879 49.88% 3,546,421 1.00

Population Pyramid for Eritrea (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 744,875 51.07% 713,588 48.93% 1,458,463 41.12%
15-24 333,786 50.64% 325,393 49.36% 659,179 18.59%
25-54 554,909 49.69% 561,787 50.31% 1,116,696 31.49%
55-64 73,812 48.47% 78,458 51.53% 152,270 4.29%
65+ 70,166 43.90% 89,653 56.10% 159,819 4.51%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 1,458,463 41.12% 75.6
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 1,928,145 54.37% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 159,819 4.51% 8.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
1,618,282 45.63% 83.9

Main Cities by Population in Eritrea

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Asmara 563,930
2 Keren 74,800
3 Massawa 23,100
4 Assab 21,300
5 Mendefera 17,781
6 Barentu 15,891

See also

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Notes

The Eritrea Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Eritrea delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Eritrea (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Eritrea in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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