India Population (LIVE)

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India Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of India is 1,371,566,356 as of Sunday, November 17, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • India 2019 population is estimated at 1,366,417,754 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • India population is equivalent to 17.71% of the total world population.
  • India ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in India is 460 per Km2 (1,190 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)
  • 34.5 % of the population is urban (471,828,295 people in 2019)
  • The median age in India is 27.1 years.

Population of India (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationIndia
Global Rank
2019 1,366,417,754 1.02 % 13,775,474 -532,687 27.1 2.36 460 34.5 % 471,828,295 17.71 % 7,713,468,100 2
2018 1,352,642,280 1.04 % 13,965,495 -532,687 27.1 2.36 455 34.1 % 460,779,764 17.73 % 7,631,091,040 2
2017 1,338,676,785 1.07 % 14,159,536 -532,687 27.1 2.36 450 33.6 % 449,963,381 17.74 % 7,547,858,925 2
2016 1,324,517,249 1.10 % 14,364,846 -532,687 27.1 2.36 445 33.2 % 439,391,699 17.75 % 7,464,022,049 2
2015 1,310,152,403 1.20 % 15,174,247 -470,015 26.8 2.40 441 32.7 % 429,069,459 17.75 % 7,379,797,139 2
2010 1,234,281,170 1.47 % 17,334,249 -531,169 25.1 2.80 415 30.8 % 380,744,554 17.74 % 6,956,823,603 2
2005 1,147,609,927 1.67 % 18,206,876 -377,797 23.8 3.14 386 29.1 % 334,479,406 17.54 % 6,541,907,027 2
2000 1,056,575,549 1.85 % 18,530,592-136,514 22.7 3.48 355 27.6 % 291,350,282 17.20 % 6,143,493,823 2
1995 963,922,588 1.99 % 18,128,958 -110,590 21.8 3.83 324 26.5 % 255,558,824 16.78 % 5,744,212,979 2
1990 873,277,798 2.17 % 17,783,558 9,030 21.1 4.27 294 25.5 % 222,296,728 16.39 % 5,327,231,061 2
1985 784,360,008 2.33 % 17,081,433 115,942 20.6 4.68 264 24.3 % 190,321,782 16.10 % 4,870,921,740 2
1980 698,952,844 2.32 % 15,169,989 222,247 20.2 4.97 235 23.0 % 160,941,941 15.68 % 4,458,003,514 2
1975 623,102,897 2.33 % 13,582,621 421,208 19.7 5.41 210 21.3 % 132,533,810 15.27 % 4,079,480,606 2
1970 555,189,792 2.15 % 11,213,294 -68,569 19.3 5.72 187 19.7 % 109,388,950 15.00 % 3,700,437,046 2
1965 499,123,324 2.07 % 9,715,129 -17,078 19.6 5.89 168 18.7 % 93,493,844 14.95 % 3,339,583,597 2
1960 450,547,679 1.91 % 8,133,417 -30,805 20.2 5.90 152 17.9 % 80,565,723 14.85 % 3,034,949,748 2
1955 409,880,595 1.72 % 6,711,079 -21,140 20.7 5.90 138 17.6 % 71,958,495 14.78 % 2,773,019,936 2
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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India Population Forecast

-413,437
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationIndia
Global Rank
2020 1,380,004,385 1.04 % 13,970,396 -532,687 28.4 2.24 464 35.0 % 483,098,640 17.70 % 7,794,798,739 2
2025 1,445,011,620 0.92 % 13,001,447 -464,081 30.0 2.24 486 37.6 % 542,742,539 17.66 % 8,184,437,460 2
2030 1,503,642,322 0.80 % 11,726,140 -440,124 31.7 2.24 506 40.4 % 607,341,981 17.59 % 8,548,487,400 1
2035 1,553,723,810 0.66 % 10,016,298 -415,732 33.3 2.24 523 43.5 % 675,456,367 17.48 % 8,887,524,213 1
2040 1,592,691,513 0.50 % 7,793,541 -415,736 35.0 2.24 536 46.7 % 744,380,367 17.31 % 9,198,847,240 1
2045 1,620,619,200 0.35 % 5,585,537 -414,772 36.6 2.24 545 50.1 % 811,749,463 17.09 % 9,481,803,274 1
2050 1,639,176,033 0.23 % 3,711,367   38.1 2.24 551 53.5 % 876,613,025 16.84 % 9,735,033,990 1
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

India Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of India
Life Expectancy
70.42 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
26.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
32.9
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
717,100,970 51.96% 662,903,415 48.04% 1,380,004,385 1.08

Population Pyramid for India (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 189,408,211 52.47% 171,609,375 47.53% 361,017,586 26.16%
15-24 131,536,666 52.92% 117,013,704 47.08% 248,550,370 18.01%
25-54 297,498,656 52.05% 274,071,025 47.95% 571,569,681 41.42%
55-64 54,844,944 50.71% 53,301,852 49.29% 108,146,796 7.84%
65+ 43,812,493 48.29% 46,907,459 51.71% 90,719,952 6.57%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 361,017,586 26.16% 38.9
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 928,266,847 67.27% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 90,719,952 6.57% 9.8
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
451,737,538 32.73% 48.7

Main Cities by Population in India

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Mumbai 12,691,836
2 Delhi 10,927,986
3 Bengaluru 5,104,047
4 Kolkata 4,631,392
5 Chennai 4,328,063
6 Ahmedabad 3,719,710
7 Hyderabad 3,597,816
8 Pune 2,935,744
9 Surat 2,894,504
10 Kanpur 2,823,249
11 Jaipur 2,711,758
12 Navi Mumbai 2,600,000
13 Lucknow 2,472,011
14 Nagpur 2,228,018
15 Indore 1,837,041
16 Patna 1,599,920
17 Bhopal 1,599,914
18 Ludhiana 1,545,368
19 Tirunelveli 1,435,844
20 Agra 1,430,055
21 Vadodara 1,409,476
22 Gorakhpur 1,324,570
23 Nashik 1,289,497
24 Pimpri 1,284,606
25 Kalyan 1,262,255
26 Thane 1,261,517
27 Meerut 1,223,184
28 Nowrangapur 1,220,946
29 Faridabad 1,220,229
30 Ghaziabad 1,199,191
31 Dombivli 1,193,000
32 Rajkot 1,177,362
33 Varanasi 1,164,404
34 Amritsar 1,092,450
35 Allahabad 1,073,438
36 Visakhapatnam 1,063,178
37 Teni 1,034,724
38 Jabalpur 1,030,168
39 Haora 1,027,672
40 Aurangabad 1,016,441
41 Shivaji Nagar 1,000,000
42 Solapur 997,281
43 Srinagar 975,857
44 Chandigarh 960,787
45 Coimbatore 959,823
46 Jodhpur 921,476
47 Madurai 909,908
48 Guwahati 899,094
49 Gwalior 882,458
50 Vijayawada 874,587
51 Mysore 868,313
52 Ranchi 846,454
53 Hubli 840,214
54 Jalandhar 785,178
55 Thiruvananthapuram 784,153
56 Salem 778,396
57 Tiruchirappalli 775,484
58 Kota 763,088
59 Bhubaneshwar 762,243
60 Aligarh 753,207
61 Bareilly 745,435
62 Moradabad 721,139
63 Bhiwandi 707,035
64 Raipur 679,995
65 Gorakhpur 674,246
66 Bhilai 625,138
67 Jamshedpur 616,338
68 Borivli 609,617
69 Cochin 604,696
70 Amravati 603,837

See also

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Notes

The India Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of India delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of India (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by India in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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