Madagascar Population (LIVE)

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Madagascar Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Madagascar is 27,176,152 as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Madagascar 2019 population is estimated at 26,969,307 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Madagascar population is equivalent to 0.35% of the total world population.
  • Madagascar ranks number 51 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Madagascar is 46 per Km2 (120 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 581,795 Km2 (224,632 sq. miles)
  • 37.9 % of the population is urban (10,211,029 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Madagascar is 18.9 years.

Population of Madagascar (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMadagascar
Global Rank
2019 26,969,307 2.69 % 706,994 -1,500 18.9 4.34 46 37.9 % 10,211,029 0.35 % 7,713,468,100 51
2018 26,262,313 2.71 % 691,801 -1,500 18.9 4.34 45 37.2 % 9,767,285 0.34 % 7,631,091,040 51
2017 25,570,512 2.72 % 676,142 -1,500 18.9 4.34 44 36.5 % 9,339,025 0.34 % 7,547,858,925 51
2016 24,894,370 2.72 % 660,282 -1,500 18.9 4.34 43 35.9 % 8,926,246 0.33 % 7,464,022,049 52
2015 24,234,088 2.76 % 616,490 -1,500 18.7 4.40 42 35.2 % 8,528,793 0.33 % 7,379,797,139 52
2010 21,151,640 2.90 % 562,983 -1,500 18.0 4.83 36 31.9 % 6,755,337 0.30 % 6,956,823,603 55
2005 18,336,724 3.07 % 513,984 -1,500 17.5 5.28 32 28.8 % 5,283,543 0.28 % 6,541,907,027 58
2000 15,766,806 3.19 % 458,281-1,700 17.3 5.80 27 27.1 % 4,276,171 0.26 % 6,143,493,823 59
1995 13,475,400 3.05 % 375,353 -1,900 17.2 6.10 23 25.8 % 3,476,130 0.23 % 5,744,212,979 62
1990 11,598,633 2.88 % 307,028 -2,000 17.1 6.25 20 23.6 % 2,733,282 0.22 % 5,327,231,061 62
1985 10,063,495 2.92 % 269,388 -2,000 16.9 6.50 17 20.9 % 2,106,614 0.21 % 4,870,921,740 62
1980 8,716,553 2.90 % 232,105 -6,000 16.8 6.95 15 18.5 % 1,614,681 0.20 % 4,458,003,514 67
1975 7,556,026 2.82 % 195,944 -3,800 17.0 7.20 13 16.3 % 1,234,215 0.19 % 4,079,480,606 67
1970 6,576,305 2.65 % 161,417 -1,600 17.2 7.30 11 14.1 % 927,259 0.18 % 3,700,437,046 68
1965 5,769,218 2.50 % 133,969 0 17.9 7.30 10 12.4 % 714,199 0.17 % 3,339,583,597 73
1960 5,099,373 2.34 % 111,166 0 19.2 7.30 9 10.6 % 542,656 0.17 % 3,034,949,748 73
1955 4,543,542 2.16 % 91,998 0 20.2 7.30 8 9.1 % 414,442 0.16 % 2,773,019,936 73
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Madagascar Population Forecast

-1,500
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMadagascar
Global Rank
2020 27,691,018 2.70 % 691,386 -1,500 19.6 4.11 48 38.5 % 10,670,252 0.36 % 7,794,798,739 51
2025 31,509,841 2.62 % 763,765 -1,500 20.4 4.11 54 41.9 % 13,199,949 0.38 % 8,184,437,460 51
2030 35,622,321 2.48 % 822,496 -1,500 21.2 4.11 61 45.2 % 16,101,660 0.42 % 8,548,487,400 49
2035 39,948,586 2.32 % 865,253 -1,500 22.0 4.11 69 48.4 % 19,327,758 0.45 % 8,887,524,213 45
2040 44,471,365 2.17 % 904,556 -1,500 22.9 4.11 76 51.5 % 22,905,168 0.48 % 9,198,847,240 42
2045 49,174,969 2.03 % 940,721 -1,500 23.8 4.11 85 54.6 % 26,853,051 0.52 % 9,481,803,274 39
2050 54,048,128 1.91 % 974,632   24.8 4.11 93 57.6 % 31,157,741 0.56 % 9,735,033,990 38
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Madagascar Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Madagascar
Life Expectancy
68.21 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
23.0
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
34.1
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
13,814,619 49.89% 13,876,400 50.11% 27,691,018 1.00

Population Pyramid for Madagascar (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 5,599,795 50.48% 5,493,932 49.52% 11,093,727 40.06%
15-24 2,843,939 50.00% 2,843,943 50.00% 5,687,882 20.54%
25-54 4,397,616 49.75% 4,442,609 50.25% 8,840,225 31.92%
55-64 580,463 47.95% 630,110 52.05% 1,210,573 4.37%
65+ 392,806 45.75% 465,806 54.25% 858,612 3.10%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 11,093,727 40.06% 70.5
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 15,738,680 56.84% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 858,612 3.10% 5.5
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
11,952,339 43.16% 75.9

Main Cities by Population in Madagascar

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Antananarivo 1,391,433
2 Toamasina 206,373
3 Antsirabe 186,253
4 Fianarantsoa 167,227
5 Mahajanga 154,657
6 Toliara 115,319
7 Antsiranana 82,937
8 Antanifotsy 70,626
9 Ambovombe 66,818
10 Ambilobe 56,000
11 Amparafaravola 51,519
12 Tolanaro 45,141
13 Ambatondrazaka 43,134
14 Mananara 41,209
15 Soavinandriana 40,453
16 Mahanoro 39,879
17 Soanierana Ivongo 39,271
18 Faratsiho 37,563
19 Nosy Varika 37,152
20 Vavatenina 36,916
21 Morondava 36,803
22 Amboasary 36,082
23 Manakara 35,499
24 Antalaha 34,112
25 Ikongo 32,374
26 Antsohimbondrona 32,080
27 Manjakandriana 31,840
28 Sambava 31,522
29 Fandriana 31,437
30 Marovoay 31,253
31 Betioky 31,102
32 Ambanja 30,621
33 Ambositra 30,353
34 Tsiombe 29,825
35 Betafo 29,785
36 Moramanga 29,212
37 Ambatolampy 28,461
38 Ambalavao 28,027
39 Sahavato 28,000
40 Mananjary 27,686
41 Tsiroanomandidy 27,060
42 Miandrarivo 27,000
42 Vohipaho 27,000
43 Marolambo 26,160
44 Ambatofinandrahana 25,997
45 Ankazoabo 25,961
46 Ampanihy 25,686
47 Vohibinany 25,311
48 Ampahana 25,000
49 Farafangana 24,764
50 Maevatanana 24,000
51 Belo sur Tsiribihina 23,900
52 Maroantsetra 23,859
53 Vangaindrano 23,523
54 Beloha 23,021
55 Hell-Ville 22,680
56 Ambato Boeny 22,529
57 Arivonimamo 21,982
58 Sakaraha 21,826
59 Antsohihy 21,290
60 Fenoarivo Atsinanana 21,036
61 Ampasimanolotra 21,000
61 Soanindrariny 21,000
61 Sitampiky 21,000
62 Andapa 20,798
63 Miandrivazo 20,631
64 Vondrozo 19,949
65 Andilamena 19,750
66 Fenoarivo Be 19,605
67 Anjozorobe 19,027

See also

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Notes

The Madagascar Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Madagascar delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Madagascar (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Madagascar in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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