Poland Population (LIVE)

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Poland Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Poland is 40,362,867 as of Wednesday, April 24, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Poland 2023 population is estimated at 41,026,067 people at mid year.
  • Poland population is equivalent to 0.51% of the total world population.
  • Poland ranks number 37 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Poland is 134 per Km2 (347 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 306,230 Km2 (118,236 sq. miles)
  • 55.2 % of the population is urban (22,658,118 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Poland is 40.0 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Poland (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationPoland
Global Rank
2024 40,221,726 -1.96 % -804,341 -685,356 40.9 1.48 131 56.3 % 22,625,763 0.50 % 8,118,835,999 37
2023 41,026,067 2.93 % 1,168,922 -910,475 40.0 1.47 134 55.2 % 22,658,118 0.51 % 8,045,311,447 37
2022 39,857,145 4.04 % 1,549,419 3,366,387 40.3 1.46 130 56.9 % 22,695,137 0.50 % 7,975,105,156 37
2020 38,428,366 -0.17 % -65,235 -779 40.5 1.45 125 59.3 % 22,781,639 0.49 % 7,840,952,880 38
2015 38,553,146 -0.02 % -8,841 -25,426 38.7 1.32 126 59.8 % 23,065,377 0.52 % 7,426,597,537 34
2010 38,597,353 0.01 % 4,288 -8,835 36.9 1.41 126 60.5 % 23,335,927 0.55 % 6,985,603,105 33
2005 38,575,911 0.04 % 14,296 -21,324 35.6 1.24 126 61.1 % 23,574,790 0.59 % 6,558,176,119 32
2000 38,504,431 0.05 % 20,491315,602 34.3 1.37 126 61.8 % 23,791,900 0.63 % 6,148,898,975 30
1995 38,401,978 0.18 % 67,545 -48,065 33.0 1.63 125 61.6 % 23,645,810 0.67 % 5,743,219,454 29
1990 38,064,255 0.47 % 177,019 -41,244 31.5 2.05 124 61.1 % 23,254,781 0.72 % 5,316,175,862 28
1985 37,179,160 0.92 % 331,546 -12,963 29.8 2.32 121 59.9 % 22,255,565 0.76 % 4,861,730,613 26
1980 35,521,429 0.94 % 324,332 -12,083 28.5 2.25 116 58.1 % 20,640,994 0.80 % 4,444,007,706 25
1975 33,899,770 0.86 % 283,365 -28,852 27.4 2.28 111 55.4 % 18,776,569 0.83 % 4,069,437,231 24
1970 32,482,943 0.79 % 251,772 -71,601 27.3 2.26 106 52.4 % 17,011,282 0.88 % 3,695,390,336 24
1965 31,224,081 1.14 % 342,836 -18,112 26.5 2.53 102 50.3 % 15,718,434 0.94 % 3,337,111,983 19
1960 29,509,903 1.72 % 482,141 -20,564 25.6 3.03 96 48.1 % 14,181,448 0.98 % 3,019,233,434 19
1955 27,099,199 1.80 % 462,593 -28,163 25.1 3.58 88 43.5 % 11,779,020 0.99 % 2,746,072,141 19
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Poland Population Forecast

-9,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationPoland
Global Rank
2025 39,616,730 0.61 % 237,673 -460,238 41.6 1.48 129 57.0 % 22,598,335 0.48 % 8,191,988,453 37
2030 38,700,518 -0.47 % -183,242 -9,999 44.1 1.51 126 58.2 % 22,532,769 0.45 % 8,546,141,327 44
2035 37,971,541 -0.38 % -145,795 -9,999 46.2 1.52 124 59.4 % 22,568,109 0.43 % 8,879,397,401 51
2040 37,043,145 -0.49 % -185,679 -9,999 48.0 1.53 121 61.3 % 22,692,384 0.40 % 9,188,250,492 52
2045 36,001,211 -0.57 % -208,387 -9,999 49.3 1.55 118 63.3 % 22,805,335 0.38 % 9,467,543,575 55
2050 34,932,339 -0.60 % -213,774   50.1 1.56 114 65.3 % 22,799,232 0.36 % 9,709,491,761 60
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Poland Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Poland
Life Expectancy
78.60 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
3.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
3.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Poland

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Warsaw 1,702,139
2 Lodz 768,755
3 Krakow 755,050
4 Wroclaw 634,893
5 Poznan 570,352
6 Gdansk 461,865
7 Szczecin 407,811
8 Bydgoszcz 366,452
9 Lublin 360,044
10 Katowice 317,316
11 Bialystok 291,855
12 Gdynia 253,730
13 Czestochowa 248,125
14 Sosnowiec 227,295
15 Radom 226,794
16 Mokotow 212,670
17 Torun 208,717
18 Kielce 208,598
19 Gliwice 198,835
20 Zabrze 192,177
21 Bytom 189,186
22 Praga Poludnie 187,845
23 Bielsko-Biala 176,515
24 Olsztyn 171,803
25 Rzeszow 158,382
26 Ursynow 147,676
27 Ruda Slaska 146,189
28 Wola 143,996
29 Rybnik 142,510
30 Bielany 134,854
31 Srodmiescie 134,306
32 Dabrowa Gornicza 130,601
33 Tychy 130,000
34 Opole 127,676
35 Elblag 127,558
36 Plock 127,474
37 Walbrzych 127,431
38 Gorzow Wielkopolski 124,430
39 Targowek 124,316
40 Wloclawek 120,339
41 Zielona Gora 118,433
42 Tarnow 117,799
43 Chorzow 113,430
44 Kalisz 108,759
45 Koszalin 107,450
46 Legnica 106,033
47 Bemowo 102,393
48 Grudziadz 99,486
49 Slupsk 98,608
50 Jaworzno 96,541
51 Jastrzebie Zdroj 95,813
52 Ochota 93,192
52 Praga Polnoc 93,192
53 Bialoleka 89,324
54 Jelenia Gora 87,310
55 Nowy Sacz 84,376
56 Konin 81,258
57 Piotrkow Trybunalski 80,128
58 Inowroclaw 77,597
59 Lubin 77,532
60 Siedlce 77,185
61 Pila 75,532
62 Myslowice 75,281
63 Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski 73,989
64 Siemianowice Slaskie 73,121
65 Ostrow Wielkopolski 72,898
66 Stargard 71,224
67 Pabianice 70,542
68 Gniezno 70,269
69 Fordon 70,000

See also

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Notes

The Poland Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Poland delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Poland (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Poland in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.