Russia Population (LIVE)

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Russia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of the Russian Federation is 144,007,074 as of Thursday, May 23, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Russia 2023 population is estimated at 144,444,359 people at mid year.
  • Russia population is equivalent to 1.8% of the total world population.
  • Russia ranks number 9 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Russia is 9 per Km2 (23 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 16,376,870 Km2 (6,323,142 sq. miles)
  • 74.7 % of the population is urban (107,876,661 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Russia is 39.2 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Russia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRussia
Global Rank
2024 143,957,079 -0.34 % -487,280 -79,327 39.6 1.54 9 75.0 % 107,976,212 1.77 % 8,118,835,999 9
2023 144,444,359 -0.19 % -268,955 -136,414 39.2 1.52 9 74.7 % 107,876,661 1.80 % 8,045,311,447 9
2022 144,713,314 -0.27 % -389,441 942,445 39.0 1.51 9 74.5 % 107,762,468 1.81 % 7,975,105,156 9
2020 145,617,329 -0.09 % -124,957 340,711 38.6 1.49 9 73.8 % 107,486,269 1.86 % 7,840,952,880 9
2015 144,668,389 0.20 % 285,158 384,942 37.6 1.80 9 73.7 % 106,549,491 1.95 % 7,426,597,537 9
2010 143,242,599 -0.08 % -111,490 253,479 36.9 1.60 9 73.6 % 105,485,979 2.05 % 6,985,603,105 9
2005 143,800,049 -0.42 % -608,958 244,437 36.4 1.34 9 73.4 % 105,505,958 2.19 % 6,558,176,119 7
2000 146,844,839 -0.23 % -342,522404,928 35.6 1.22 9 73.1 % 107,381,741 2.39 % 6,148,898,975 7
1995 148,557,451 0.07 % 110,349 544,803 33.9 1.36 9 73.2 % 108,802,154 2.59 % 5,743,219,454 6
1990 148,005,704 0.71 % 1,021,862 257,950 32.2 1.90 9 73.2 % 108,302,585 2.78 % 5,316,175,862 6
1985 142,896,392 0.66 % 927,794 220,025 31.0 2.10 9 72.0 % 102,829,481 2.94 % 4,861,730,613 5
1980 138,257,420 0.65 % 883,116 5,810 30.1 1.91 8 69.7 % 96,298,016 3.11 % 4,444,007,706 5
1975 133,841,842 0.57 % 749,766 74,147 29.9 2.02 8 66.4 % 88,869,066 3.29 % 4,069,437,231 4
1970 130,093,010 0.58 % 738,481 -243,934 29.7 2.01 8 62.5 % 81,289,925 3.52 % 3,695,390,336 4
1965 126,400,607 1.09 % 1,333,102 -154,888 27.4 2.15 8 58.2 % 73,579,688 3.79 % 3,337,111,983 4
1960 119,735,095 1.53 % 1,752,649 -161,432 26.3 2.58 7 53.8 % 64,402,146 3.97 % 3,019,233,434 4
1955 110,971,852 1.59 % 1,678,349 -194,030 24.8 2.83 7 49.1 % 54,512,824 4.04 % 2,746,072,141 4
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Russia Population Forecast

97,544
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRussia
Global Rank
2025 143,494,210 -0.29 % -424,624 -22,010 40.1 1.55 9 75.3 % 108,062,384 1.75 % 8,191,988,453 9
2030 141,432,741 -0.29 % -412,294 95,640 42.1 1.61 9 76.6 % 108,336,965 1.65 % 8,546,141,327 10
2035 139,227,987 -0.31 % -440,951 97,179 44.1 1.64 9 78.0 % 108,569,361 1.57 % 8,879,397,401 11
2040 137,110,991 -0.31 % -423,399 97,220 44.9 1.67 8 79.5 % 109,062,126 1.49 % 9,188,250,492 14
2045 135,171,274 -0.28 % -387,943 97,456 44.2 1.69 8 81.2 % 109,795,948 1.43 % 9,467,543,575 14
2050 133,133,035 -0.30 % -407,648   43.6 1.72 8 83.1 % 110,604,995 1.37 % 9,709,491,761 14
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Russia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Russia
Life Expectancy
74.57 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
3.2
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
4.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Russia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Moscow 10,381,222
2 Saint Petersburg 5,028,000
3 Novosibirsk 1,419,007
4 Yekaterinburg 1,349,772
5 Nizhniy Novgorod 1,284,164
6 Samara 1,134,730
7 Omsk 1,129,281
8 Kazan 1,104,738
9 Rostov-na-Donu 1,074,482
10 Chelyabinsk 1,062,919
11 Ufa 1,033,338
12 Volgograd 1,011,417
13 Perm 982,419
14 Krasnoyarsk 927,200
15 Saratov 863,725
16 Voronezh 848,752
17 Tol'yatti 702,879
18 Krasnodar 649,851
19 Ulyanovsk 640,680
20 Izhevsk 631,038
21 Yaroslavl 606,730
22 Barnaul 599,579
23 Vladivostok 587,022
24 Irkutsk 586,695
25 Khabarovsk 579,000
26 Khabarovsk Vtoroy 578,303
27 Orenburg 550,204
28 Novokuznetsk 539,616
29 Ryazan' 520,173
30 Tyumen 519,119
31 Lipetsk 515,655
32 Penza 512,602
33 Naberezhnyye Chelny 509,870
34 Kalininskiy 504,641
35 Astrakhan 502,533
36 Makhachkala 497,959
37 Tomsk 485,519
38 Kemerovo 477,090
39 Tula 468,825
40 Kirov 457,383
41 Cheboksary 446,781
42 Kaliningrad 434,954
43 Bryansk 427,236
44 Ivanovo 420,839
45 Magnitogorsk 413,351
46 Kursk 409,431
47 Tver 400,212
48 Nizhny Tagil 381,116
49 Stavropol' 363,064
50 Ulan-Ude 360,278
51 Arkhangel'sk 356,051
52 Belgorod 345,289
53 Kurgan 343,129
54 Kaluga 338,978
55 Krasnogvargeisky 337,091
56 Sochi 327,608
57 Orel 324,200
58 Volzhskiy 323,293
59 Smolensk 320,991
60 Murmansk 319,263
61 Vladikavkaz 317,370
62 Cherepovets 315,738
63 Vologda 314,900
64 Vladimir 310,024
65 Chita 308,500
66 Saransk 303,394
67 Surgut 300,367
68 Tambov 290,933
69 Yoshkar-Ola 279,100
70 Taganrog 279,056

See also

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Notes

The Russia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of the Russian Federation delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Russia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Russia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.