Russia Demographics

Population of Russia (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Russia

Russia Population
Yearly Change
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Russia is 39.2 years (2023).

Fertility in Russia

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Russia

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
74.6 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
79.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
69.5 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Russia

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Russia Urban Population

Currently, 74.7 % of the population of Russia is urban (107,876,661 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Russia is 9 people per Km2 (23 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 16,376,870 Km2 (6,323,142 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Russia

1 Moscow 10,381,222
2 Saint Petersburg 5,028,000
3 Novosibirsk 1,419,007
4 Yekaterinburg 1,349,772
5 Nizhniy Novgorod 1,284,164
6 Samara 1,134,730
7 Omsk 1,129,281
8 Kazan 1,104,738
9 Rostov-na-Donu 1,074,482
10 Chelyabinsk 1,062,919
11 Ufa 1,033,338
12 Volgograd 1,011,417
13 Perm 982,419
14 Krasnoyarsk 927,200
15 Saratov 863,725
16 Voronezh 848,752
17 Tol'yatti 702,879
18 Krasnodar 649,851
19 Ulyanovsk 640,680
20 Izhevsk 631,038
21 Yaroslavl 606,730
22 Barnaul 599,579
23 Vladivostok 587,022
24 Irkutsk 586,695
25 Khabarovsk 579,000
26 Khabarovsk Vtoroy 578,303
27 Orenburg 550,204
28 Novokuznetsk 539,616
29 Ryazan' 520,173
30 Tyumen 519,119

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.