Somalia Population (LIVE)

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Somalia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Somalia is 18,593,454 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Somalia 2023 population is estimated at 18,143,378 people at mid year.
  • Somalia population is equivalent to 0.23% of the total world population.
  • Somalia ranks number 69 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Somalia is 29 per Km2 (75 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 627,340 Km2 (242,217 sq. miles)
  • 46.5 % of the population is urban (8,434,610 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Somalia is 15.3 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Somalia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSomalia
Global Rank
2024 18,706,922 3.11 % 563,544 -30,000 15.3 5.98 30 47.0 % 8,795,255 0.23 % 8,118,835,999 68
2023 18,143,378 3.10 % 545,867 -30,000 15.3 6.10 29 46.5 % 8,434,610 0.23 % 8,045,311,447 69
2022 17,597,511 3.12 % 531,930 -30,000 15.2 6.20 28 46.0 % 8,086,843 0.22 % 7,975,105,156 70
2020 16,537,016 3.48 % 555,716 -11,383 15.1 6.42 26 44.9 % 7,431,038 0.21 % 7,840,952,880 71
2015 13,763,906 2.74 % 347,451 -17,178 14.9 6.98 22 43.7 % 6,014,594 0.19 % 7,426,597,537 74
2010 12,026,649 2.82 % 311,871 -88,448 14.7 7.30 19 39.4 % 4,738,106 0.17 % 6,985,603,105 73
2005 10,467,292 3.72 % 349,165 -5,955 15.1 7.48 17 36.1 % 3,779,950 0.16 % 6,558,176,119 77
2000 8,721,465 3.88 % 302,10753,580 15.3 7.61 14 34.4 % 2,996,056 0.14 % 6,148,898,975 82
1995 7,210,930 0.60 % 42,367 65,888 15.5 7.58 11 33.6 % 2,421,245 0.13 % 5,743,219,454 90
1990 6,999,096 1.09 % 73,692 -248,155 15.6 7.44 11 31.3 % 2,193,935 0.13 % 5,316,175,862 89
1985 6,630,637 2.39 % 147,683 62,183 16.2 7.33 11 28.7 % 1,906,249 0.14 % 4,861,730,613 85
1980 5,892,224 6.86 % 332,787 65,519 16.6 7.18 9 28.9 % 1,701,924 0.13 % 4,444,007,706 85
1975 4,228,289 2.59 % 101,462 -1,934 16.7 7.03 7 23.4 % 989,409 0.10 % 4,069,437,231 98
1970 3,720,977 2.63 % 90,677 1,104 16.5 7.18 6 21.0 % 781,165 0.10 % 3,695,390,336 100
1965 3,267,593 2.62 % 79,372 2,142 16.4 7.26 5 18.7 % 612,593 0.10 % 3,337,111,983 104
1960 2,870,732 2.56 % 68,164 750 17.0 7.25 5 16.6 % 477,113 0.10 % 3,019,233,434 104
1955 2,529,910 2.71 % 63,372 -826 17.7 7.25 4 14.6 % 370,572 0.09 % 2,746,072,141 104
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Somalia Population Forecast

-30,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSomalia
Global Rank
2025 19,281,903 3.12 % 548,977 -30,000 15.4 5.87 31 47.6 % 9,168,559 0.24 % 8,191,988,453 68
2030 22,316,857 2.97 % 606,991 -30,000 16.0 5.30 36 50.3 % 11,229,249 0.26 % 8,546,141,327 64
2035 25,606,196 2.79 % 657,868 -30,000 16.8 4.79 41 53.2 % 13,626,150 0.29 % 8,879,397,401 63
2040 29,094,714 2.59 % 697,704 -30,000 17.7 4.28 46 56.2 % 16,358,048 0.32 % 9,188,250,492 62
2045 32,734,341 2.39 % 727,925 -30,000 18.8 3.86 52 59.4 % 19,435,527 0.35 % 9,467,543,575 61
2050 36,462,830 2.18 % 745,698   19.9 3.49 58 62.7 % 22,865,427 0.38 % 9,709,491,761 57
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Somalia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Somalia
Life Expectancy
57.35 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
64.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
101.9
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Somalia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Mogadishu 2,587,183
2 Hargeysa 477,876
3 Berbera 242,344
4 Kismayo 234,852
5 Marka 230,100
6 Jamaame 185,270
7 Baidoa 129,839
8 Burao 99,270
9 Bosaso 74,287
10 Afgooye 65,461
11 Gaalkacyo 61,200
12 Laascaanood 60,100
13 Garoowe 57,300
14 Beledweyne 55,410
15 Qoryooley 51,720
16 Jawhar 47,086
17 Jilib 43,694
18 Baardheere 42,240
19 Ceerigaabo 33,853
20 Luuq 33,820
21 Buurhakaba 27,792
22 Ceeldheer 26,562
23 Wanlaweyn 22,022
24 Baki 20,000
25 Eyl 18,904
26 Buulobarde 16,928
27 Qandala 15,923

See also

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Notes

The Somalia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Somalia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Somalia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Somalia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.