Somalia Population (LIVE)

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Somalia Population (1950 - 2019)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Somalia is 15,611,949 as of Sunday, November 17, 2019, based on Worldometers elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Somalia 2019 population is estimated at 15,442,905 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Somalia population is equivalent to 0.2% of the total world population.
  • Somalia ranks number 73 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Somalia is 25 per Km2 (64 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 627,340 Km2 (242,217 sq. miles)
  • 46.1 % of the population is urban (7,122,882 people in 2019)
  • The median age in Somalia is 16.3 years.

Population of Somalia (2019 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSomalia
Global Rank
2019 15,442,905 2.90 % 434,679 -40,000 16.3 6.51 25 46.1 % 7,122,882 0.20 % 7,713,468,100 73
2018 15,008,226 2.87 % 419,047 -40,000 16.3 6.51 24 45.5 % 6,827,415 0.20 % 7,631,091,040 73
2017 14,589,179 2.84 % 403,543 -40,000 16.3 6.51 23 44.9 % 6,544,404 0.19 % 7,547,858,925 73
2016 14,185,636 2.82 % 388,435 -40,000 16.3 6.51 23 44.2 % 6,273,587 0.19 % 7,464,022,049 73
2015 13,797,201 2.76 % 350,664 -46,681 16.2 6.61 22 43.6 % 6,014,594 0.19 % 7,379,797,139 74
2010 12,043,883 2.89 % 319,404 -39,999 15.9 7.10 19 39.3 % 4,738,106 0.17 % 6,956,823,603 73
2005 10,446,863 3.32 % 314,922 0 16.1 7.47 17 36.2 % 3,779,950 0.16 % 6,541,907,027 77
2000 8,872,254 3.44 % 276,1230 16.5 7.70 14 33.8 % 2,996,056 0.14 % 6,143,493,823 83
1995 7,491,637 0.73 % 53,309 -164,401 17.3 7.53 12 32.3 % 2,421,245 0.13 % 5,744,212,979 89
1990 7,225,092 1.68 % 115,293 -82,157 17.8 7.26 12 30.4 % 2,193,935 0.14 % 5,327,231,061 87
1985 6,648,627 1.14 % 73,499 -90,906 18.0 7.07 11 28.7 % 1,906,249 0.14 % 4,870,921,740 85
1980 6,281,134 10.11 % 480,168 359,221 18.1 7.00 10 27.1 % 1,701,924 0.14 % 4,458,003,514 82
1975 3,880,292 2.41 % 87,145 0 18.2 7.10 6 25.5 % 989,409 0.10 % 4,079,480,606 103
1970 3,444,568 2.34 % 75,222 382 18.3 7.25 5 22.7 % 781,165 0.09 % 3,700,437,046 105
1965 3,068,459 2.17 % 62,497 -266 18.5 7.25 5 20.0 % 612,593 0.09 % 3,339,583,597 105
1960 2,755,972 2.04 % 52,886 -266 18.9 7.25 4 17.3 % 477,113 0.09 % 3,034,949,748 107
1955 2,491,542 1.93 % 45,492 0 19.2 7.25 4 14.9 % 370,572 0.09 % 2,773,019,936 105
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Somalia Population Forecast

-29,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSomalia
Global Rank
2020 15,893,222 2.87 % 419,204 -40,000 16.7 6.12 25 46.8 % 7,431,038 0.20 % 7,794,798,739 73
2025 18,376,514 2.95 % 496,658 -29,999 17.2 6.12 29 49.9 % 9,168,559 0.22 % 8,184,437,460 71
2030 21,191,037 2.89 % 562,905 -29,999 17.6 6.12 34 53.0 % 11,229,249 0.25 % 8,548,487,400 67
2035 24,277,396 2.76 % 617,272 -29,999 18.1 6.12 39 56.1 % 13,626,150 0.27 % 8,887,524,213 65
2040 27,590,981 2.59 % 662,717 -29,999 18.8 6.12 44 59.3 % 16,358,048 0.30 % 9,198,847,240 62
2045 31,131,086 2.44 % 708,021 -29,999 19.6 6.12 50 62.4 % 19,435,527 0.33 % 9,481,803,274 61
2050 34,922,447 2.33 % 758,272   20.5 6.12 56 65.5 % 22,865,427 0.36 % 9,735,033,990 58
: Worldometers (www.worldometers.info//)
, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Somalia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Somalia
Life Expectancy
58.34 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
62.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
104.6
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Sex Ratio (males vs females)

Males Male % Females Female % Total Population (2020) Sex Ratio (males to females)
7,924,087 49.86% 7,969,132 50.14% 15,893,222 0.99

Population Pyramid for Somalia (2020)

Compare with years 1960, 1990, 2050, and 2080

Population by Broad Age Groups

View detailed age groups
Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-14 3,692,028 50.34% 3,642,679 49.66% 7,334,707 46.15%
15-24 1,680,948 50.14% 1,671,574 49.86% 3,352,522 21.09%
25-54 2,039,751 49.09% 2,115,440 50.91% 4,155,191 26.14%
55-64 289,517 49.11% 300,038 50.89% 589,555 3.71%
65+ 221,843 48.10% 239,401 51.90% 461,244 2.90%

Dependency Ratio

View also: Support Ratio


Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 7,334,707 46.15% 90.6
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 8,097,268 50.95% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 461,244 2.90% 5.7
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
7,795,951 49.05% 96.3

Main Cities by Population in Somalia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Mogadishu 2,587,183
2 Hargeysa 477,876
3 Berbera 242,344
4 Kismayo 234,852
5 Marka 230,100
6 Jamaame 185,270
7 Baidoa 129,839
8 Burao 99,270
9 Bosaso 74,287
10 Afgooye 65,461
11 Gaalkacyo 61,200
12 Laascaanood 60,100
13 Garoowe 57,300
14 Beledweyne 55,410
15 Qoryooley 51,720
16 Jawhar 47,086
17 Jilib 43,694
18 Baardheere 42,240
19 Ceerigaabo 33,853
20 Luuq 33,820
21 Buurhakaba 27,792
22 Ceeldheer 26,562
23 Wanlaweyn 22,022
24 Baki 20,000
25 Eyl 18,904
26 Buulobarde 16,928
27 Qandala 15,923

See also

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Notes

The Somalia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Somalia delivered by Worldometers' RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Somalia (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2019. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Somalia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.

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