Zimbabwe Population (LIVE)

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Zimbabwe Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Zimbabwe is 16,952,139 as of Wednesday, April 24, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Zimbabwe 2023 population is estimated at 16,665,409 people at mid year.
  • Zimbabwe population is equivalent to 0.21% of the total world population.
  • Zimbabwe ranks number 74 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Zimbabwe is 43 per Km2 (112 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 386,850 Km2 (149,364 sq. miles)
  • 36.7 % of the population is urban (6,117,511 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Zimbabwe is 18.4 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Zimbabwe (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationZimbabwe
Global Rank
2024 17,020,321 2.13 % 354,912 -9,999 18.6 3.34 44 36.8 % 6,269,464 0.21 % 8,118,835,999 74
2023 16,665,409 2.11 % 344,872 -9,999 18.4 3.39 43 36.7 % 6,117,511 0.21 % 8,045,311,447 74
2022 16,320,537 2.04 % 327,013 -9,999 18.2 3.44 42 36.6 % 5,972,826 0.20 % 7,975,105,156 74
2020 15,669,666 2.05 % 315,058 -29,955 17.9 3.55 41 36.4 % 5,700,460 0.20 % 7,840,952,880 74
2015 14,154,937 1.97 % 263,033 -59,918 17.0 3.85 37 36.1 % 5,109,485 0.19 % 7,426,597,537 72
2010 12,839,771 0.99 % 123,004 -133,402 17.1 4.03 33 36.4 % 4,676,106 0.18 % 6,985,603,105 71
2005 12,224,753 0.65 % 78,015 -164,732 17.3 3.67 32 36.1 % 4,413,866 0.19 % 6,558,176,119 70
2000 11,834,676 1.48 % 168,127-137,321 16.8 3.97 31 34.9 % 4,125,989 0.19 % 6,148,898,975 66
1995 10,994,041 1.68 % 176,030 -32,961 15.6 4.15 28 32.7 % 3,592,151 0.19 % 5,743,219,454 64
1990 10,113,893 3.08 % 284,676 2,355 14.8 4.87 26 29.2 % 2,951,918 0.19 % 5,316,175,862 69
1985 8,690,515 4.27 % 328,118 1,785 14.5 5.90 22 25.3 % 2,200,595 0.18 % 4,861,730,613 72
1980 7,049,926 2.95 % 190,569 389,244 14.1 6.61 18 22.7 % 1,602,677 0.16 % 4,444,007,706 76
1975 6,097,083 3.22 % 178,833 -29,003 14.5 6.98 16 19.9 % 1,215,331 0.15 % 4,069,437,231 80
1970 5,202,918 3.19 % 151,154 -24,103 14.6 7.09 13 17.3 % 898,584 0.14 % 3,695,390,336 81
1965 4,447,149 3.16 % 128,168 -10,889 14.5 7.26 11 14.5 % 644,767 0.13 % 3,337,111,983 89
1960 3,806,310 3.12 % 108,537 -8,256 15.3 7.22 10 12.4 % 472,478 0.13 % 3,019,233,434 87
1955 3,263,625 3.18 % 94,460 -6,491 16.2 7.14 8 11.4 % 371,106 0.12 % 2,746,072,141 89
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Zimbabwe Population Forecast

-9,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationZimbabwe
Global Rank
2025 17,375,285 2.09 % 341,124 -9,999 18.9 3.28 45 37.0 % 6,429,761 0.21 % 8,191,988,453 73
2030 19,179,393 2.00 % 360,822 -9,999 19.9 3.08 50 38.4 % 7,370,279 0.22 % 8,546,141,327 71
2035 21,044,297 1.87 % 372,981 -9,999 21.3 2.91 54 40.8 % 8,580,510 0.24 % 8,879,397,401 69
2040 22,912,369 1.72 % 373,614 -9,999 22.5 2.75 59 44.1 % 10,097,359 0.25 % 9,188,250,492 67
2045 24,723,911 1.53 % 362,308 -9,999 23.7 2.62 64 47.7 % 11,802,761 0.26 % 9,467,543,575 65
2050 26,438,589 1.35 % 342,936   24.9 2.48 68 51.5 % 13,627,246 0.27 % 9,709,491,761 64
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Zimbabwe Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Zimbabwe
Life Expectancy
61.92 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
35.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
50.5
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Zimbabwe

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Harare 1,542,813
2 Bulawayo 699,385
3 Chitungwiza 340,360
4 Mutare 184,205
5 Gweru 146,073
6 Epworth 123,250
7 Kwekwe 99,149
8 Kadoma 79,174
9 Masvingo 76,290
10 Chinhoyi 61,739
11 Marondera 57,082
12 Norton 52,054
13 Chegutu 47,294
14 Bindura 37,423
15 Zvishavane 35,896
16 Victoria Falls 35,761
17 Hwange 33,210
18 Redcliff 33,197
19 Ruwa 30,000
20 Rusape 29,292
21 Chiredzi 28,205
22 Beitbridge 26,459
23 Kariba 25,531
24 Karoi 25,030
25 Gokwe 18,942
26 Chipinge 18,860
27 Shurugwi 17,075

See also

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Notes

The Zimbabwe Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Zimbabwe delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Zimbabwe (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Zimbabwe in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.