Zimbabwe Demographics

Population of Zimbabwe (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Population
14,645,468
Yearly Change
+ 1.43%
Global Share
0.19%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Zimbabwe

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Zimbabwe (2020)

Females
52.3%
(7,770,917)
Males
47.7%
(7,092,010)
group Sex Ratio
0.91
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 3,126,770 50.20% 3,102,450 49.80% 6,229,220 41.91%
15-24 1,488,848 49.35% 1,527,876 50.65% 3,016,724 20.30%
25-54 2,080,891 45.04% 2,538,989 54.96% 4,619,880 31.08%
55-64 235,097 42.81% 314,014 57.19% 549,111 3.69%
65+ 160,404 35.81% 287,588 64.19% 447,992 3.01%

Zimbabwe Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 1,054,557 50.28% 1,042,891 49.72% 2,097,448 14.11%
5-9 1,109,514 50.19% 1,101,198 49.81% 2,210,712 14.87%
10-14 962,699 50.11% 958,361 49.89% 1,921,060 12.93%
15-19 816,706 49.83% 822,189 50.17% 1,638,895 11.03%
20-24 672,142 48.78% 705,687 51.22% 1,377,829 9.27%
25-29 503,568 45.57% 601,594 54.43% 1,105,162 7.44%
30-34 430,306 43.25% 564,568 56.75% 994,874 6.69%
35-39 388,501 44.52% 484,101 55.48% 872,602 5.87%
40-44 339,915 46.09% 397,612 53.91% 737,527 4.96%
45-49 239,524 46.04% 280,771 53.96% 520,295 3.50%
50-54 179,077 45.99% 210,343 54.01% 389,420 2.62%
55-59 135,632 43.94% 173,037 56.06% 308,669 2.08%
60-64 99,465 41.37% 140,977 58.63% 240,442 1.62%
65-69 71,649 38.73% 113,324 61.27% 184,973 1.24%
70-74 42,336 36.92% 72,322 63.08% 114,658 0.77%
75-79 29,113 33.97% 56,587 66.03% 85,700 0.58%
80-84 13,034 29.70% 30,854 70.30% 43,888 0.30%
85-89 3,697 23.91% 11,763 76.09% 15,460 0.10%
90-94 540 17.84% 2,487 82.16% 3,027 0.02%
95-99 33 12.36% 234 87.64% 267 0.00%
100+ 2 10.53% 17 89.47% 19 0.00%

Median Age

The median age in Zimbabwe is 18.5 years (2019).

Zimbabwe Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 6,229,220 41.91% 76.1
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 8,185,715 55.07% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 447,992 3.01% 5.5
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
6,677,212 44.93% 81.6
Potential Support Ratio
18.27
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Zimbabwe

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
3.6
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Zimbabwe

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
62.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
63.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
60.4 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Zimbabwe

Infant Mortality
34.1
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
45.1
(per 1,000 live births)

Zimbabwe Urban Population

Currently, 38.0 % of the population of Zimbabwe is urban (5,571,525 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Zimbabwe is 38 people per Km2 (98 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 386,850 Km2 (149,364 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Zimbabwe

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Harare 1,542,813
2 Bulawayo 699,385
3 Chitungwiza 340,360

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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