COVID-19 Coronavirus / COVID-19 TESTING
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Coronavirus Testing: Criteria and Numbers by Country

As of March 9, 2020

We are aggregating sparse data from various sources. Where a source is official, the entry is clearly marked. Even official sources don't always report daily. Some report weekly but, in order to provide a set of comparable data, estimates are provided based on the latest available data. Estimated values are clearly marked.

Country
Tests Performed
Tests per Million People
Population
   
Bahrain
8,354
4,910
1,701,575
OFFICIAL
South Korea
210,144
4,099
51,269,185
OFFICIAL
Hong Kong
16,000
2,134
7,496,981
Estimated
Italy
60,761
1,005
60,461,826
OFFICIAL
Switzerland
5,000
578
8,654,622
Estimated
Mar. 3: 4,000 source
Austria
5,026
558
9,006,398
OFFICIAL
UK
26,261
387
67,886,011
OFFICIAL
Belgium
3,984
344
11,589,623
Estimated
Mar 9: 3,541 OFFICIAL source
Australia
8,278
325
25,499,884
Estimated
Mar. 8: 8,278 OFFICIAL PARTIAL source source
Israel
2,386
276
8,655,535
Estimated
Mar. 8: 1,771 source
France
11,895
182
65,273,511
Estimated
Mar. 5: 6,610 OFFICIAL source
Finland
720
130
5,540,720
OFFICIAL Mar. 10
Malaysia
3,132
97
32,365,999
OFFICIAL Mar. 10
Japan
9,600
76
126,476,461
OFFICIAL Mar. 10
Netherlands
600
35
17,134,872
Estimated
Mar. 2: 200 source
USA
8,554
26
331,002,651
OFFICIAL Mar. 10
Vietnam
2,367
24
97,338,579
OFFICIAL Mar. 10
Turkey
940
11
84,339,067
Estimated
As of Mar 3: 940 OFFICIAL source

As of March 2, 2020

Country
Tests Performed
Tests per Million People
Population
 
South Korea
109,591
2,138
Italy
23,345
386
Austria
2,120
235
Switzerland
1,850
214
UK
13,525
199
Finland
130
23
Vietnam
1,737
18
Turkey
940
11
United States
472*
1

* as of March 1. On March 2, the "Total tested" figure was removed from CDC's website.

As of February 26, 2020

Number of tests and positivity rate for Covid-19 as of Feb. 26


  • UK: 7,132 concluded tests, of which 13 positive (0.2% positivity rate). [source]
  • Italy: 9,462 tests, of which 470 positive, awaiting results: unknown (at least 5.0% positivity rate). [source]
  • France: 762 tests, of which 17 positive, 179 awaiting results (at least 2.2% positivity rate). [source]
  • Austria: 321 tests, of which 2 positive, awaiting results: unknown (at least 0.6% positivity rate). [source]
  • South Korea: 66,652 tests with 1766 positives 25,568 awaiting results (4.3% positivity rate). [source]
  • United States: 445 concluded tests, of which 14 positive (3.1% positivity rate). [source]

Italy

Italy announced on Feb. 26 that it would relax its testing criteria to the point that contacts linked to confirmed cases or recent travelers to outbreak areas would not be tested anymore, unless they show symptoms.

South Korea

South Korea (population of 51 million) is testing about 10,000 people per day, and is working to increase that to 15,000 to 20,000 per day, as of Feb. 27. They are installing drive through test facilities, which minimize hospital pressures and keep potential patients out of the system until they need access. [source]

Health authorities on Feb. 27 have also started testing more than 210,000 members of the Shincheonji religious group in Daegu.

United States

On March. 2, Dr. Stephen Hahn, FDA Commissioner, announced that the US will have, by the end of the week, the ability to perform 1 million tests.

The US CDC initially declined to test the patient who on Feb. 26 become the latest confirmed case in the US, and the first with an unknown origin of infection (raising the concern that there are more cases circulating among the general public that have not been identified).

The patient, who was on a ventilator with a suspected viral infection, was transferred from another hospital to UC Davis Medical Center on Feb. 19. The hospital's request to test for COVID-19 was initially denied by CDC, as the patient did not meet the COVID-19 testing criteria (had not recently traveled to countries with outbreaks or been in contact with someone with the virus). The CDC on Feb. 27 issued new testing rules, for which many more people can now be tested for the coronavirus.

Just 12 of more than 100 public health labs in the U.S. are currently able to test for COVID-19 because of a problem with the test developed by CDC. The agency can now screen only 350-500 samples per day. California Governor Gavin Newsom characterized the number of test kits available in the state as “remarkably inadequate.”

As of Feb. 26, CDC had performed a total of 445 tests. For comparison, the UK, with a population five times smaller than the US, had conducted over 7,000 tests.

March 2, 2020
Dr. Matt McCarthy, a staff physician at New York-Presbyterian:

“I’m here to tell you, right now, at one of the busiest hospitals in the country, I don’t have [a rapid diagnostic test] at my finger tips.” “I still have to make my case, plead to test people. This is not good. We know that there are 88 cases in the United States. There are going to be hundreds by middle of week. There’s going to be thousands by next week. And this is a testing issue.”

“In New York State, the person who tested positive is only the 32nd test we’ve done in this state,” he said. “That is a national scandal. [...] They’re testing 10,000 a day in some countries and we can’t get this off the ground,” McCarthy said. “I’m a practitioner on the firing line, and I don’t have the tools to properly care for patients today.” (Video, CNBC)

See also: COVID-19 Testing Numbers by Country

 

China

China tested 320,000 people in Guangdong (population of 113 million people) over a three-week period.

 

We will be adding other countries and more details in the coming days.

 

Sources

Hong Kong

1. https://www.ha.org.hk/haho/ho/cc/54945c.pdf
2. https://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/202002/18/P2020021800437.htm
3. http://www.etnet.com.hk/www/tc/news/categorized_news_detail.php?category=latest&newsid=ETN300218598
4. source
5. https://www.news.gov.hk/chi/2020/02/20200227/20200227_172526_636.html
6. https://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/202003/03/P2020030300687.htm
7. http://www.news.gov.hk/chi/2020/03/20200306/20200306_172144_708.html