Cuba Demographics

Population of Cuba (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Cuba

Cuba Population
11,333,483
Yearly Change
-0.04%
Global Share
0.15%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Cuba

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Cuba (2020)

Females
50.4%
(5,703,148)
Males
49.6%
(5,623,468)
group Sex Ratio
0.99
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 926,641 51.39% 876,638 48.61% 1,803,279 15.92%
15-24 690,788 51.39% 653,309 48.61% 1,344,097 11.87%
25-54 2,423,809 50.46% 2,379,431 49.54% 4,803,240 42.41%
55-64 762,698 48.40% 813,117 51.60% 1,575,815 13.91%
65+ 819,532 45.52% 980,653 54.48% 1,800,185 15.89%

Cuba Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 293,500 51.38% 277,783 48.62% 571,283 5.04%
5-9 322,660 51.37% 305,433 48.63% 628,093 5.55%
10-14 310,481 51.41% 293,422 48.59% 603,903 5.33%
15-19 330,604 51.43% 312,225 48.57% 642,829 5.68%
20-24 360,184 51.36% 341,084 48.64% 701,268 6.19%
25-29 372,479 51.75% 347,272 48.25% 719,751 6.35%
30-34 423,331 50.94% 407,710 49.06% 831,041 7.34%
35-39 351,949 50.86% 340,043 49.14% 691,992 6.11%
40-44 312,681 50.62% 304,963 49.38% 617,644 5.45%
45-49 473,885 50.18% 470,453 49.82% 944,338 8.34%
50-54 489,484 49.02% 508,990 50.98% 998,474 8.82%
55-59 470,453 48.56% 498,368 51.44% 968,821 8.55%
60-64 292,245 48.15% 314,749 51.85% 606,994 5.36%
65-69 266,286 46.96% 300,742 53.04% 567,028 5.01%
70-74 210,228 46.81% 238,901 53.19% 449,129 3.97%
75-79 162,323 45.71% 192,755 54.29% 355,078 3.13%
80-84 99,845 43.49% 129,719 56.51% 229,564 2.03%
85-89 50,687 41.67% 70,939 58.33% 121,626 1.07%
90-94 22,061 39.27% 34,117 60.73% 56,178 0.50%
95-99 6,911 37.48% 11,528 62.52% 18,439 0.16%
100+ 1,191 37.89% 1,952 62.11% 3,143 0.03%

Median Age

The median age in Cuba is 41.1 years (2019).

Cuba Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 1,803,279 15.92% 23.3
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 7,723,152 68.19% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 1,800,185 15.89% 23.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
3,603,464 31.81% 46.7
Potential Support Ratio
4.29
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Cuba

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
1.6
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Cuba

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
79.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
81.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
77.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Cuba

Infant Mortality
4.1
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
5.1
(per 1,000 live births)

Cuba Urban Population

Currently, 78.2 % of the population of Cuba is urban (8,861,423 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Cuba is 106 people per Km2 (276 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 106,440 Km2 (41,097 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Cuba

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Havana 2,163,824
2 Santiago de Cuba 555,865
3 Camaguey 347,562
4 Holguin 319,102
5 Guantanamo 272,801
6 Santa Clara 250,512
7 Diez de Octubre 227,293
8 Arroyo Naranjo 210,053
9 Las Tunas 203,684

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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