Mexico Demographics

Population of Mexico (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Mexico

Mexico Population
Yearly Change
+ 0.75%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Mexico is 29.8 years (2023).

Fertility in Mexico

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Mexico

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
75.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
78.4 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
71.8 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Mexico

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Mexico Urban Population

Currently, 87.8 % of the population of Mexico is urban (112,846,229 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Mexico is 66 people per Km2 (171 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 1,943,950 Km2 (750,563 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Mexico

1 Mexico City 12,294,193
2 Iztapalapa 1,815,786
3 Ecatepec de Morelos 1,655,015
4 Guadalajara 1,495,182
5 Puebla 1,434,062
6 Juarez 1,321,004
7 Tijuana 1,300,983
8 Leon de los Aldama 1,238,962
9 Gustavo Adolfo Madero 1,185,772
10 Zapopan 1,142,483
11 Monterrey 1,135,512
12 Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl 1,104,585
13 Chihuahua 809,232
14 Naucalpan de Juarez 792,211
15 Merida 777,615
16 Alvaro Obregon 726,664
17 San Luis Potosi 722,772
18 Aguascalientes 722,250
19 Hermosillo 715,061
20 Saltillo 709,671
21 Mexicali 689,775
22 Culiacan 675,773
23 Guadalupe 673,616
24 Acapulco de Juarez 673,479
25 Tlalnepantla 653,410
26 Cancun 628,306
27 Santiago de Queretaro 626,495
28 Coyoacan 620,416
29 Santa Maria Chimalhuacan 612,383
30 Torreon 608,836

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.