Sweden Demographics

Population of Sweden (2020)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Sweden

Sweden Population
10,099,265
Yearly Change
+ 0.63%
Global Share
0.13%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Sweden

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Sweden (2020)

Females
49.9%
(5,040,323)
Males
50.1%
(5,058,947)
group Sex Ratio
1.00
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 914,418 51.38% 865,434 48.62% 1,779,852 17.62%
15-24 556,997 51.34% 528,015 48.66% 1,085,012 10.74%
25-54 2,035,574 50.93% 1,961,397 49.07% 3,996,971 39.58%
55-64 596,229 50.34% 588,146 49.66% 1,184,375 11.73%
65+ 955,729 46.55% 1,097,331 53.45% 2,053,060 20.33%

Sweden Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 309,240 51.42% 292,210 48.58% 601,450 5.96%
5-9 304,038 51.31% 288,463 48.69% 592,501 5.87%
10-14 301,140 51.40% 284,761 48.60% 585,901 5.80%
15-19 276,950 51.17% 264,276 48.83% 541,226 5.36%
20-24 280,047 51.50% 263,739 48.50% 543,786 5.38%
25-29 374,455 51.08% 358,689 48.92% 733,144 7.26%
30-34 352,981 50.94% 339,968 49.06% 692,949 6.86%
35-39 320,963 51.16% 306,387 48.84% 627,350 6.21%
40-44 310,337 50.94% 298,865 49.06% 609,202 6.03%
45-49 331,865 50.67% 323,056 49.33% 654,921 6.48%
50-54 344,973 50.78% 334,432 49.22% 679,405 6.73%
55-59 312,494 50.63% 304,748 49.37% 617,242 6.11%
60-64 283,735 50.03% 283,398 49.97% 567,133 5.62%
65-69 260,421 49.44% 266,314 50.56% 526,735 5.22%
70-74 274,804 48.71% 289,345 51.29% 564,149 5.59%
75-79 206,281 47.96% 223,814 52.04% 430,095 4.26%
80-84 120,133 44.53% 149,644 55.47% 269,777 2.67%
85-89 63,024 38.97% 98,698 61.03% 161,722 1.60%
90-94 25,178 32.74% 51,733 67.26% 76,911 0.76%
95-99 5,450 25.47% 15,951 74.53% 21,401 0.21%
100+ 438 19.30% 1,832 80.70% 2,270 0.02%

Median Age

The median age in Sweden is 40.9 years (2019).

Sweden Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 1,779,852 17.62% 28.4
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 6,266,358 62.05% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 2,053,060 20.33% 32.8
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
3,832,912 37.95% 61.2
Potential Support Ratio
3.05
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Sweden

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
1.9
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Sweden

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
83.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
85.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
81.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Sweden

Infant Mortality
1.7
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
2.1
(per 1,000 live births)

Sweden Urban Population

Currently, 87.9 % of the population of Sweden is urban (8,817,415 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Sweden is 24 people per Km2 (63 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 410,340 Km2 (158,433 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Sweden

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Stockholm 1,515,017
2 Goeteborg 572,799
3 Malmoe 301,706

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.