Venezuela Demographics

Population of Venezuela (2019)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Venezuela

Venezuela Population
28,515,829
Yearly Change
-1.29%
Global Share
0.37%
Global Rank

Population Pyramid for Venezuela

A Population Pyramid is a pair of histograms indicating the distribution of the population among the different age groups and sexes (males on the left and females on the right). The shape of a Population Pyramid can help understand growth patterns and possible dependency issues or gender imbalances. A pyramid with a wide base and narrow top suggests high fertility and a growing population, whereas a pyramid with a narrow base suggests an ageing population with low fertility rates. Compare pyramids over time from 1960 to 2080 (based on United Nations Population projections). More on Population Pyramids.

Sex Ratio in Venezuela (2020)

Females
50.8%
(14,451,011)
Males
49.2%
(13,984,932)
group Sex Ratio
0.97
(Males to Females)

Population by Broad Age Groups (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Total Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total pop.
0-14 3,957,465 51.05% 3,794,930 48.95% 7,752,395 27.26%
15-24 2,329,957 50.62% 2,272,443 49.38% 4,602,400 16.19%
25-54 5,463,101 48.68% 5,758,336 51.32% 11,221,437 39.46%
55-64 1,234,229 47.61% 1,358,364 52.39% 2,592,593 9.12%
65+ 1,000,180 44.12% 1,266,938 55.88% 2,267,118 7.97%

Venezuela Age Structure and Sex Ratio (2020)

Age Group Males Male % Females Female % Age Group Population
Age Group's share of total population
0-4 1,202,873 50.90% 1,160,536 49.10% 2,363,409 8.31%
5-9 1,394,843 51.07% 1,336,347 48.93% 2,731,190 9.60%
10-14 1,359,749 51.16% 1,298,047 48.84% 2,657,796 9.35%
15-19 1,275,233 50.99% 1,225,539 49.01% 2,500,772 8.79%
20-24 1,054,724 50.19% 1,046,904 49.81% 2,101,628 7.39%
25-29 1,003,451 49.46% 1,025,260 50.54% 2,028,711 7.13%
30-34 1,008,211 48.84% 1,056,113 51.16% 2,064,324 7.26%
35-39 952,682 48.52% 1,010,915 51.48% 1,963,597 6.91%
40-44 903,880 48.39% 963,840 51.61% 1,867,720 6.57%
45-49 822,050 48.43% 875,204 51.57% 1,697,254 5.97%
50-54 772,827 48.31% 827,004 51.69% 1,599,831 5.63%
55-59 677,220 47.85% 737,932 52.15% 1,415,152 4.98%
60-64 557,009 47.31% 620,432 52.69% 1,177,441 4.14%
65-69 403,603 46.65% 461,511 53.35% 865,114 3.04%
70-74 273,791 45.36% 329,790 54.64% 603,581 2.12%
75-79 168,240 43.55% 218,039 56.45% 386,279 1.36%
80-84 90,992 40.16% 135,573 59.84% 226,565 0.80%
85-89 43,393 36.54% 75,357 63.46% 118,750 0.42%
90-94 15,371 31.32% 33,705 68.68% 49,076 0.17%
95-99 3,999 26.88% 10,876 73.12% 14,875 0.05%
100+ 791 27.48% 2,087 72.52% 2,878 0.01%

Median Age

The median age in Venezuela is 27.8 years (2019).

Venezuela Dependency Ratio

The age dependency ratio expresses the relationship between the "dependent population" (ages 0-15 and 65-plus, referred as "youth" and "elderly") and the "working age population" (ages 16-64). Higher values indicate a greater level of dependency. See also: definition and formula.

Age Group Total Age Group Population Share of Total Population Dependency Ratio
Youth (0-14 years old) 7,752,395 27.26% 42.1
Working Age Population (15-64 years) 18,416,430 64.76% N.A.
Elderly (65+ years old) 2,267,118 7.97% 12.3
Total Dependency Ratio
(Youth + Elderly)
10,019,513 35.24% 54.4
Potential Support Ratio
8.12
(number of people of age 15–64 per every 1 person aged 65 or older)

Fertility in Venezuela

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
2.3
(Live Births per Woman, 2020)

Life Expectancy in Venezuela

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
72.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
Females
76.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
Males
68.6 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Venezuela

Infant Mortality
24.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
29.9
(per 1,000 live births)

Venezuela Urban Population

Currently, 100% of the population of Venezuela is urban (28,515,829 people in 2019)

Population Density

The 2019 population density in Venezuela is 32 people per Km2 (84 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 882,050 Km2 (340,561 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Venezuela

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Caracas 3,000,000
2 Maracaibo 2,225,000
3 Maracay 1,754,256
4 Valencia 1,385,083
5 Barquisimeto 809,490
6 Ciudad Guayana 746,535
7 Barcelona 424,795
8 Maturin 410,972
9 Puerto La Cruz 370,000
10 Petare 364,684
11 Barinas 353,442
12 Turmero 344,700
13 Ciudad Bolivar 338,000
14 Merida 300,000
15 Alto Barinas 284,289
16 Santa Teresa del Tuy 278,890
17 Cumana 257,783
18 San Cristobal 246,583
19 Nuestra Senora del Rosario de Baruta 244,216
20 Mucumpiz 215,259
21 Cabimas 200,818

See also

Sources

Definitions

Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.

Types:

  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.

Stages:

 

Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.

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