Countries in Europe:

44

There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics).

Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are:

  • Dependencies (or dependent territories, dependent areas) or Areas of Special Sovereignty (autonomous territories)
#CountryPopulation
(2019)
Subregion
1 Russia 143,895,551 Eastern Europe
2 Germany 82,438,639 Western Europe
3 United Kingdom 66,959,016 Northern Europe
4 France 65,480,710 Western Europe
5 Italy 59,216,525 Southern Europe
6 Spain 46,441,049 Southern Europe
7 Ukraine 43,795,220 Eastern Europe
8 Poland 38,028,278 Eastern Europe
9 Romania 19,483,360 Eastern Europe
10 Netherlands 17,132,908 Western Europe
11 Belgium 11,562,784 Western Europe
12 Greece 11,124,603 Southern Europe
13 Czechia 10,630,589 Eastern Europe
14 Portugal 10,254,666 Southern Europe
15 Sweden 10,053,135 Northern Europe
16 Hungary 9,655,361 Eastern Europe
17 Belarus 9,433,874 Eastern Europe
18 Austria 8,766,201 Western Europe
19 Serbia 8,733,407 Southern Europe
20 Switzerland 8,608,259 Western Europe
21 Bulgaria 6,988,739 Eastern Europe
22 Denmark 5,775,224 Northern Europe
23 Finland 5,561,389 Northern Europe
24 Slovakia 5,450,987 Eastern Europe
25 Norway 5,400,916 Northern Europe
26 Ireland 4,847,139 Northern Europe
27 Croatia 4,140,148 Southern Europe
28 Moldova 4,029,750 Eastern Europe
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,501,774 Southern Europe
30 Albania 2,938,428 Southern Europe
31 Lithuania 2,864,459 Northern Europe
32 North Macedonia 2,086,720 Southern Europe
33 Slovenia 2,081,900 Southern Europe
34 Latvia 1,911,108 Northern Europe
35 Estonia 1,303,798 Northern Europe
36 Montenegro 629,355 Southern Europe
37 Luxembourg 596,992 Western Europe
38 Malta 433,245 Southern Europe
39 Iceland 340,566 Northern Europe
40 Andorra 77,072 Southern Europe
41 Monaco 39,102 Western Europe
42 Liechtenstein 38,404 Western Europe
43 San Marino 33,683 Southern Europe
44 Holy See 799 Southern Europe

Dependencies or other territories

#TerritoryPopulation
(2019)
Dependency of
1 Channel Islands 166,828 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 85,369 U.K.
3 Faeroe Islands 49,692 Denmark
4 Gibraltar 34,879 U.K.
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