Brazil Demographics

Population of Brazil (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Brazil

Brazil Population
Yearly Change
+ 0.52%
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Brazil is 33.6 years (2023).

Fertility in Brazil

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Brazil

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
76.2 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
79.3 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
73.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Brazil

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Brazil Urban Population

Currently, 88.4 % of the population of Brazil is urban (191,322,786 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Brazil is 26 people per Km2 (67 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 8,358,140 Km2 (3,227,095 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Brazil

1 Sao Paulo 10,021,295
2 Rio de Janeiro 6,023,699
3 Salvador 2,711,840
4 Fortaleza 2,400,000
5 Belo Horizonte 2,373,224
6 Brasilia 2,207,718
7 Curitiba 1,718,421
8 Manaus 1,598,210
9 Recife 1,478,098
10 Belem 1,407,737
11 Porto Alegre 1,372,741
12 Goiania 1,171,195
13 Guarulhos 1,169,577
14 Campinas 1,031,554
15 Nova Iguacu 1,002,118
16 Maceio 954,991
17 Sao Luis 917,237
18 Duque de Caxias 818,329
19 Natal 763,043
20 Teresina 744,512
21 Sao Bernardo do Campo 743,372
22 Campo Grande 729,151
23 Jaboatao 702,621
24 Osasco 677,856
25 Santo Andre 662,373
26 Joao Pessoa 650,883
27 Jaboatao dos Guararapes 630,008
28 Contagem 627,123
29 Ribeirao Preto 619,746
30 Sao Jose dos Campos 613,764

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.